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Frankenstein Mary Shelley. Born in 1797 to William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft Born in 1797 to William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft Father was an.

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Presentation on theme: "Frankenstein Mary Shelley. Born in 1797 to William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft Born in 1797 to William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft Father was an."— Presentation transcript:

1 Frankenstein Mary Shelley

2 Born in 1797 to William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft Born in 1797 to William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft Father was an influential political philosopher & novelistFather was an influential political philosopher & novelist Mother was a pioneer in promoting womens rights and educationMother was a pioneer in promoting womens rights and education Her mother died shortly after Mary was born Her mother died shortly after Mary was born

3 Mary Shelley Received no formal education Received no formal education Married (scandal!) Percy Bysshe Shelley in 1816 Married (scandal!) Percy Bysshe Shelley in 1816 romantic beyond romanceromantic beyond romance Frankenstein was published in 1818 Frankenstein was published in 1818 She died in 1851 She died in 1851

4 I busied myself to think of a story…One which would speak to the mysterious fears of our nature and awaken thrilling horror. Introducing the Novel

5 Gothic Novel Main ingredients: mystery, horror, supernatural Main ingredients: mystery, horror, supernatural In literature the term applies to works with a brooding atmosphere that emphasize the unknown and inspire fear In literature the term applies to works with a brooding atmosphere that emphasize the unknown and inspire fear Settings: wild and remote (haunted castles, wind-blasted moors) Settings: wild and remote (haunted castles, wind-blasted moors) Plot involves violent or mysterious events Plot involves violent or mysterious events

6 Historical Context Takes place in the late 1700s, various parts of Europe, especially Switzerland, Germany, & the Arctic Takes place in the late 1700s, various parts of Europe, especially Switzerland, Germany, & the Arctic Published at the height of the Romantic movement Published at the height of the Romantic movement Enlightenment (reason & logic) Romanticism (individual, imagination, emotions)Enlightenment (reason & logic) Romanticism (individual, imagination, emotions) Labeled romantic fiction- powerful work of imagination, exotic settings, and emphasizes the emotions of fear and awe Labeled romantic fiction- powerful work of imagination, exotic settings, and emphasizes the emotions of fear and awe

7 Structure and Point of View Epistolary – carried by letters Frame Story

8 Themes Consequences of irresponsibility in the pursuit of knowledge Consequences of irresponsibility in the pursuit of knowledge Consequences of pride Consequences of pride Consequences of societys rejection of someone who is unattractive Consequences of societys rejection of someone who is unattractive Destructive power of revenge Destructive power of revenge Sympathy Sympathy

9 Major Characters Victor Frankenstein – protagonist, product of an idealistic Enlightenment education Victor Frankenstein – protagonist, product of an idealistic Enlightenment education The Creature - never named; is Victors doppelganger (alter ego); The Creature - never named; is Victors doppelganger (alter ego); Robert Walton – Arctic explorer whos obsessed with gaining knowledge and fame; rescues Victor in the Arctic; tells the story Robert Walton – Arctic explorer whos obsessed with gaining knowledge and fame; rescues Victor in the Arctic; tells the story

10 Major Characters Henry Clerval – Victors childhood friend; true romantic, wants to leave mark on the world, but never loses sight of the moral relations of things Henry Clerval – Victors childhood friend; true romantic, wants to leave mark on the world, but never loses sight of the moral relations of things Elizabeth – adopted as an infant by Victors family; Elizabeth – adopted as an infant by Victors family;

11 Classwork Read Shelleys Introduction to Frankenstein ( ) Read Shelleys Introduction to Frankenstein ( ) Answer Recognizing the Gothic Tradition questions Answer Recognizing the Gothic Tradition questions

12 Frankenstein Letters 1-4

13 Small Group Discussion What do you think spurs people to explore the unknown? list ways in which people throughout the ages have explored the unknown. list ways in which people throughout the ages have explored the unknown. identify some reasons why individuals devote themselves to a life of exploration and discovery. identify some reasons why individuals devote themselves to a life of exploration and discovery. Does such devotion involve sacrifices? Does such devotion involve sacrifices?

14 Point of View Frame Story Technique We hear the story from 3 different points of view - these versions are framed within one another. Stylistic Devices

15 FrameFrame StoryStory

16 FrameFrame StoryStory Point of View #1 Robert Walton writes letters to his sister.

17 Frankenstein Chapters 1-10

18 Robert Walton Point of View #2 Victor Frankenstein tells his story to Walton -- who then tells it to his sister. FrameFrame StoryStory

19 Characterization Flat Character Flat Character Not well-developedNot well-developed Seems like a cardboard figure, stereotypeSeems like a cardboard figure, stereotype Round Character Round Character Life-like, three dimensionalLife-like, three dimensional Depth, experiences personal change, growthDepth, experiences personal change, growth

20 Small Group Discussion How do you define personal responsibility? When something bad happens that involves you, how do you know whether or not you bear some responsibility for it? Evaluate these situations, in each case, discuss whether person B has a responsibility to person A Evaluate these situations, in each case, discuss whether person B has a responsibility to person A A falls off Bs roof while mending itA falls off Bs roof while mending it B walks by A, who is homeless and begging on the streetB walks by A, who is homeless and begging on the street B lends A his car, which has faulty brakes, and A has an accident.B lends A his car, which has faulty brakes, and A has an accident.

21 Frankenstein Chapters 11-16

22 Focus Activity What are some reasons why a person might be rejected by others? What are some reasons why a person might be rejected by others?

23 Allusion Paradise Lost by John Milton – story of mans fall from innocence to painful knowledge; Victor can be compared to Adam, Satan, and Eve Paradise Lost by John Milton – story of mans fall from innocence to painful knowledge; Victor can be compared to Adam, Satan, and Eve The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, like narrator, tells story as a warning and a confession The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, like narrator, tells story as a warning and a confession

24 Analyze the Creatures Personality Discuss the different aspects of his character by addressing questions such as these (support your analysis by citing events from the story as well as quoting statements made by the creature): Discuss the different aspects of his character by addressing questions such as these (support your analysis by citing events from the story as well as quoting statements made by the creature): In what ways is he like any human being? In what ways is he different?In what ways is he like any human being? In what ways is he different? What does he want most in life? Why does his goal seem unattainable?What does he want most in life? Why does his goal seem unattainable? How have the creatures experiences shaped his opinion of himself? Does he have the potential for good as well as evil?How have the creatures experiences shaped his opinion of himself? Does he have the potential for good as well as evil? Do you think he is justified in declaring an ever- lasting war against the human species and his creator?Do you think he is justified in declaring an ever- lasting war against the human species and his creator?

25 Do the monster's eloquence and persuasiveness make it easier for the reader to sympathize with him? Why do you think most film versions of the story present the monster as mute or inarticulate?

26 Literature Groups Evaluate the character of Victor Frankenstein using evidence from Chapters Focus your discussion on the following questions as well as others that occurred to you as you were reading: Evaluate the character of Victor Frankenstein using evidence from Chapters Focus your discussion on the following questions as well as others that occurred to you as you were reading: What can you infer about Frankensteins character from his close personal relationships? His scientific project? In your opinion, is he an appealing person?What can you infer about Frankensteins character from his close personal relationships? His scientific project? In your opinion, is he an appealing person? Do you think that Frankenstein went too far in his quest for knowledge? Did he have a good motive for his project? Did he have adequate knowledge to begin his project? Did he consider possible consequences of his actions?Do you think that Frankenstein went too far in his quest for knowledge? Did he have a good motive for his project? Did he have adequate knowledge to begin his project? Did he consider possible consequences of his actions? How is Frankenstein affected by what happens after he abandons the creature? Why does he call himself the true murderer of William?How is Frankenstein affected by what happens after he abandons the creature? Why does he call himself the true murderer of William?

27 Debate Questions Is it better to be ignorant? Is it better to be ignorant? Is Frankenstein the true murderer of Justine and William? Is Frankenstein the true murderer of Justine and William?

28 Debate Rubric Debate Rubric

29 Debate Order Opening Statement (Pro) Opening Statement (Pro) Opening Statement (Con) Opening Statement (Con) Speaker 1 (Pro) Speaker 1 (Pro) Cross Examination Cross Examination Speaker 1 Rebuttal (Pro) Speaker 1 Rebuttal (Pro) Speaker 1 (Con) Speaker 1 (Con) Cross Examination Cross Examination Speaker 1 Rebuttal (Con) Speaker 1 Rebuttal (Con)


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