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INAMA NYUNGURANA BITEKEREZO KU NDISHYI ZIGENEWE ABAROKOTSE JENOSIDE Demystifying Reparation Inyandiko Itanga Ibitekerezo Ukwakira 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "INAMA NYUNGURANA BITEKEREZO KU NDISHYI ZIGENEWE ABAROKOTSE JENOSIDE Demystifying Reparation Inyandiko Itanga Ibitekerezo Ukwakira 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 INAMA NYUNGURANA BITEKEREZO KU NDISHYI ZIGENEWE ABAROKOTSE JENOSIDE Demystifying Reparation Inyandiko Itanga Ibitekerezo Ukwakira 2012

2 INTEGO& UKO INYANDIKO YATEGUWE IBUKA n’imiryango iyigize gutanga umusanzu w’uko ikibazo cy’indishyi cyakemuka Kugaragaza ko ikibazo k’indishyi nUbwo kigoye ariko bishoboka ko cyakemurwa. Gushishikariza leta n’umuryango mpuzamahanga gushyiraho umurongo w’amategeko mu gukemura ikibazo cy’indishyi Itegurwa ry’inyandiko: ibiganiro n’abantu kugiti cyabo, mu matsinda, ubushakashatsi mu mategeko, ubushakashatsi uko ahandi byagenze, Raporo, UMWANZURO NYAMUKURU: ITSINDA/Taskforce

3 UBURENGANZIRA BW’INDISHYI MUMATEGEKO MPUZAMAHANGA ICCPR(art2,(3)) UDHR(Art 8) UNICAT(Art.14) ACHPR(Art7) BASIC Principles Indishyi Ikwiye:  Restitution  Compensation/indemnisation  Readaptation/rehabilitation  Satisfaction  Garantie de non repetition/guarantie of non repetition

4 UKO BYAGENDEKEYE ABAROKOTSE BASABA UBUTABERA MU NGEREKO ZIHARIYE Itegeko ngenga rya 1996 – Ikigega cy’indishyi – konti muri BNR – Abahohotewe bashoboraga kuregera indishyi ikwiye(Izakababaro, gusubizwa imitungo, etc..) – Leta yishyuzwaga indishyi Mu manza zigera 10,000 zaciwe, abagera ku 4000 bahawe batsindiye indishyi ariko na magingo aya amaso yaheze mukirere Abo murwego rwa mbere baryozwaga indishyi kubyangiritse mu gihugu cyose MU NKIKO GACACA Itegeko ngenga rya 2004 ryahagaritse cyane amahirwe yoyo kuregera indishyi Leta itanga 5% ntiryozwa indishyi Itegeko rya 2001 ryagenaga ikigega cy’indishyi Itegeko risoza inkiko gacaca ubu rigaragaza ibyuho mubirebana no gukemura ikibazo cy’indishy(Abasahuye batishoboye benshi gukora TIG, nta buryo bw’inzibacyuho bwo gukemura ikibazo, etc)

5 IPFUNWE KUBACITSE KU ICUMU “Gacaca released most of the perpetrators pretending that they have confessed yet they lied or confessed in half way and victims could not be aware of every single detail that happened where they were being hunted out’’. {MUKANSANGA, Ruhango District “I live far from the centre in the midst of those who killed my family, they pretended to have confessed and became immediately released from the prison, I always feel insecure because anything can happen to me any time” Fidele Ntongwe Sector “I thought Gacaca will be closed when it had resolved all the cases submitted to it including property issues and execution of its own judgments” Pierre, 30 year old, nyagatare district “According to Rwandan culture, whenever someone lost their people, s/he would be given some moral and material help (peteroli) to comfort her/him so why can’t government compensate us at least on that basis?” Pelagie,sector “Our beloved who have been killed in a very horrific way cannot come back to life, but they should at least restitute our property damaged” Nyirumuringa, Ngoma district “I ‘am now living in an extreme misery that I would not be experiencing if the government would have enforced the gacaca verdict in relation to my property damaged” Mukansanga Goretta,56 year old, Gasabo district. “Some cases in Gacaca have not been handled well, and the few that has been well tried, have never been enforced” Leonidas, 72 old, Ruhango district “Gacaca released most of the perpetrators pretending that they have confessed yet they lied or confessed in half way and victims could not be aware of every single detail that happened where they were being hunted out’’. {MUKANSANGA, Ruhango District “I live far from the centre in the midst of those who killed my family, they pretended to have confessed and became immediately released from the prison, I always feel insecure because anything can happen to me any time” Fidele Ntongwe Sector “I thought Gacaca will be closed when it had resolved all the cases submitted to it including property issues and execution of its own judgments” Pierre, 30 year old, nyagatare district “According to Rwandan culture, whenever someone lost their people, s/he would be given some moral and material help (peteroli) to comfort her/him so why can’t government compensate us at least on that basis?” Pelagie,sector “Our beloved who have been killed in a very horrific way cannot come back to life, but they should at least restitute our property damaged” Nyirumuringa, Ngoma district “I ‘am now living in an extreme misery that I would not be experiencing if the government would have enforced the gacaca verdict in relation to my property damaged” Mukansanga Goretta,56 year old, Gasabo district. “Some cases in Gacaca have not been handled well, and the few that has been well tried, have never been enforced” Leonidas, 72 old, Ruhango district

6 IPFUNWE (Suite) “If the government can successfully make people pay tax, it can also get genocide convicted in Gacaca pay what they have damaged “ Goretta, 56, Kicukiro district. ‘’Gacaca does not leave any peace behind, killers did not pay us for our lost properties yet we have thousands copies of its verdict awarding restitutions. It has only disunited people ‘’, DAMASCENE, Gikondo, Kigali “The reason why many perpetrators and local authorities in charge of enforcement are reluctant to pay us is that they believe that the closure of Gacaca will imply the end of everything “ Egide, Muhanga ‘’I could not file my claim for body harm before Gacaca, I was beaten by soldiers- would I sue Col. Bagasora who was the military’s head at the time? Would I sue the government? I just don’t know. Karamaga, kigali ‘’Gacaca has left us disunited because now people know who reported them and this might bring problems to us {MUKARIGANDE} “I have not been able to identify the people who killed and destroyed my property because of perpetrators’ strategy during gacaca called “Association ceceka” (conspiracy to keep silence and never reveal anything) Antoine 74 year old, Nyarugunga sector Kigali “The Government should secure one officer in charge of monitoring the gacaca awards enforcement process alongside the cell secretary at each and every cell” Pelagie, 71years, Ruhango district “If the government can successfully make people pay tax, it can also get genocide convicted in Gacaca pay what they have damaged “ Goretta, 56, Kicukiro district. ‘’Gacaca does not leave any peace behind, killers did not pay us for our lost properties yet we have thousands copies of its verdict awarding restitutions. It has only disunited people ‘’, DAMASCENE, Gikondo, Kigali “The reason why many perpetrators and local authorities in charge of enforcement are reluctant to pay us is that they believe that the closure of Gacaca will imply the end of everything “ Egide, Muhanga ‘’I could not file my claim for body harm before Gacaca, I was beaten by soldiers- would I sue Col. Bagasora who was the military’s head at the time? Would I sue the government? I just don’t know. Karamaga, kigali ‘’Gacaca has left us disunited because now people know who reported them and this might bring problems to us {MUKARIGANDE} “I have not been able to identify the people who killed and destroyed my property because of perpetrators’ strategy during gacaca called “Association ceceka” (conspiracy to keep silence and never reveal anything) Antoine 74 year old, Nyarugunga sector Kigali “The Government should secure one officer in charge of monitoring the gacaca awards enforcement process alongside the cell secretary at each and every cell” Pelagie, 71years, Ruhango district

7 BUMWE MUBURYO BWAKORESHWA MUGUKEMURA IKIBAZO CY’INDISHYI Gushyiraho Itegeko rigena ikigega cy’indishyi Umushinga wabayeho 2001 Aho umutungo wava Kumenya impamvu umushinga utatowe Imiryango y’abacitse ku icumu yajya mubuyobozi Cyakemura ikibazo cy’imanza nyinshi zitakemuwe No mubindi bihugu ibigega nk’ibi byagiye bibaho Umushinga wabayeho 2001 Aho umutungo wava Kumenya impamvu umushinga utatowe Imiryango y’abacitse ku icumu yajya mubuyobozi Cyakemura ikibazo cy’imanza nyinshi zitakemuwe No mubindi bihugu ibigega nk’ibi byagiye bibaho Imbanziriza mushinga yitegeko rirengera abatangabuhamya n’abahohotewe Uteganya ikigega cy’indishyi kubahohotewe bose cyaba kirebererwa na Parquet Hashyirwamo ingingo ivuga ivuga ko abahohotewe na jenoside baba bamwe mubagenerwabikorwa Ubu buryo bwakoreshwa ubundi bwanze Iritegeko ryaba retro active Uteganya ikigega cy’indishyi kubahohotewe bose cyaba kirebererwa na Parquet Hashyirwamo ingingo ivuga ivuga ko abahohotewe na jenoside baba bamwe mubagenerwabikorwa Ubu buryo bwakoreshwa ubundi bwanze Iritegeko ryaba retro active

8 BUMWE MUBURYO.... Internatinal Trust Fund Presentation By David Shortly FARG Ingingo ya zitegeko rishyiraho FARG ziyemerera kuregera indishyi. Kugeza ubu icyokora ntibiraba Itegeko rya FARG Rivuguruwe, abacitse ku icumu bakagira umwanya muri nama y’ubutegetsi, ubufasha bugatandukanywa n’indishyi FARG yaba inzira yakoreshwa mu gukemura ikibazo cy’indishyi Ingingo ya zitegeko rishyiraho FARG ziyemerera kuregera indishyi. Kugeza ubu icyokora ntibiraba Itegeko rya FARG Rivuguruwe, abacitse ku icumu bakagira umwanya muri nama y’ubutegetsi, ubufasha bugatandukanywa n’indishyi FARG yaba inzira yakoreshwa mu gukemura ikibazo cy’indishyi

9 UMWANZURO Ubu buryo bwose bwavuzwe haruguru nta na bumwe bunoze 100%. Hakenewe indi nyigo yakubukira kuri ubu Bushakashatsi bwa IBUKA N’imiryango Iyigize. IBUKA irashishikariza Leta ko yashyiraho Itsinda ryihariye ryo kwiga no gutanga imyanzuro y’uko ikibazo cy’indishyi cyakemurwa burundu nka kimwe mungaruka za jenoside. Ikibazo k’indishyi n’ikibazo cy’igihugu. Iri tsinda ryahabwa Budget, inshingano, ingengabihe, abakozi n’ibindi.

10 ITSINDA Inshingano Abarigize (ibitekerezo) Aho ritanga Raporo Igihe ryayitangira Ikigo cyarirebera ETC

11 Questions & Observations


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