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Maximising the impact of research: experience from ODI’s RAPID Programme John Young Overseas Development Institute J.young@odi.org.uk.

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Presentation on theme: "Maximising the impact of research: experience from ODI’s RAPID Programme John Young Overseas Development Institute J.young@odi.org.uk."— Presentation transcript:

1 Maximising the impact of research: experience from ODI’s RAPID Programme
John Young Overseas Development Institute

2 RAPID programme in ODI Promoting evidence-based development policy & practice Through Research Advice Public Affairs Capacity-building Working with: researchers policymakers parliamentarians southern think tanks for further information see:

3 Policy processes are not...
Identify the problem Commission research Analyse the results Choose the best option Establish the policy Implement the policy Evaluation

4 Policy processes are... Cabinet Donors Parliament Civil Society
Monitoring and Evaluation Agenda Setting Decision Making Policy Implementation Policy Formulation Parliament Civil Society Ministries Private Sector

5 Policy is chaos “The whole life of policy is a chaos of purposes and accidents. It is not at all a matter of the rational implementation of the so-called decisions through selected strategies” Clay & Schaffer (1984), Room for Manoeuvre: An Exploration of Public Policy in Agricultural and Rural Development, Heineman Educational Books, London

6 Policy is complex Interconnected Feedback Emergence Nonlinearity
Sensitivity Changing Edge of chaos Adaptive agents Self-organising Co-evolution

7 Research plays a minor role
Kate Bird et al, Fracture Points in Social Policies for Chronic Poverty Reduction, ODI WP242, 2004 (http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/working_papers/wp242.pdf)

8 Policy makers are… …practically incapable of using research-based evidence because of the 5 Ss… Speed Superficiality Spin Secrecy Scientific Ignorance Vincent Cable – Lib. Democrat MP & Shadow Minister of Finance More at:

9 There are many other factors
Experience & Expertise Pragmatics & Contingencies Judgement Evidence Lobbyists & Pressure Groups Resources Habits & Tradition Values and Policy Context Source: Phil Davies Impact to Insight Meeting, ODI, 2005

10 Different notions of evidence
‘Scientific’ (Context free) Proven empirically Theoretically driven As long as it takes Caveats and qualifications Researchers’ Evidence Colloquial (Contextual) Anything that seems reasonable Policy relevant Timely Clear Message Policy Makers’ Evidence Source: Phil Davies Impact to Insight Meeting, ODI, 2005

11 Research can transform lives
“The results of household disease surveys informed processes of health service reform which contributed to a 43 and 46 per cent reduction in infant mortality between 2000 and 2003 in two districts in rural Tanzania.” TEHIP Project, Tanzania:

12 The Cynefn Framework

13 An iterative flexible approach

14 Different policy objectives
Discursive: Client- focused services Attitudinal: Farmers have good ideas Procedural: Participatory approaches to service development Content: UU20, UU25. New guidelines Behavioural: Approach being applied in practice Discursive: Client- focused services Attitudinal: Farmers have good ideas Procedural: Participatory approaches to service development Content: UU20, UU25. New guidelines Behavioural:: Approach adopted for other sectors

15 Political economy analysis
External Influences Socio-economic and cultural influences, donor policies etc The political context – political and economic structures and processes, culture, institutional pressures, incremental vs radical change etc. The links between policy and research communities – networks, relationships, power, competing discourses, trust, knowledge etc. The evidence – credibility, the degree it challenges received wisdom, research approaches and methodology, simplicity of the message, how it is packaged etc

16 Identifying the key actors
Use the Alignment Interest Influence Matrix (AIIM) to identify the critical stakeholders Map actors on the matrix Identify which are the most influential Who do you work with directly? High Develop enthusiasm to address topic Learn in partnership General level of alignment Develop awareness and enthusiasm Challenge existing beliefs Low Low Interest in specific topic High

17 Developing an Action Plan
OUTCOME MAPPING: Building Learning and Reflection into Development Programs Sarah Earl, Fred Carden, and Terry Smutylo

18 Practical Tools Overarching Tools Context Assessment Tools
- The RAPID Framework - Using the Framework - The Entrepreneurship Questionnaire Context Assessment Tools - Stakeholder Analysis - Forcefield Analysis - Writeshops - Policy Mapping - Political Context Mapping Communication Tools - Communications Strategy - SWOT analysis - Message Design - Making use of the media Research Tools - Case Studies - Episode Studies - Surveys - Bibliometric Analysis - Focus Group Discussion Policy Influence Tools - Influence Mapping & Power Mapping - Lobbying and Advocacy - Campaigning: A Simple Guide - Competency self-assessment

19 Being a policy entrepreneur
Storyteller Networker Engineer Fixer Researcher

20 Further information ODI – www.odi.org.uk RAPID - www.odi.org.uk/rapid
Me:


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