Presentation on theme: "Adfam/AVA collaboration and Research Findings LDAN – 25 October 2011 Families, substance use and domestic violence."— Presentation transcript:
Adfam/AVA collaboration and Research Findings LDAN – 25 October 2011 Families, substance use and domestic violence
Background SU stats Up to 350,000 children affected by drug use, up to 1.3 million children affected by alcohol use (government figures) Up to 8 million family members, including partners, affected by someone else’s drug or alcohol use (Velleman and Templeton 2007 ) 44% perpetrators under the influence of alcohol, 12% drugs (BCS Review) Alcohol thought to be a factor in at least one third of all domestic violence assaults (Finney 2004)
Background DV stats Women experiencing DV are 15 times more likely to misuse alcohol, 9 times misuse drugs (Barron 2004) 1 in 4 children said that they had witnessed DV between adult family members. 47% of incidents involved physical assaults, 13% with an object or weapon (NSPCC survey 2007) Children witness ¾ of abusive incidents (Royal College Psych. 2004) Based on a large volume of research, child care law now includes witnessing or hearing the ill treatment of someone else as causing harm to children
Adfam/AVA collaboration - background First project – 2010/11 1. Research conducted by Dr Sarah Galvani 2. DVD resource kit for practitioners working with young people affected by DV and SU 3. Comic Relief funded Second project – 2011/12 1. Research into parents affected by DV from SU children, with focus groups around England and training developed 2. Department of Health funded
Supporting families affected by substance use and domestic violence Dr Sarah Galvani University of Bedfordshire Group 1 – Children and Young People Group 2 – Family member facilitators Research - 2010
Common themes 1 1- Children and young people’s focus groups Consent and choice Impact of drugs or alcohol on relationships Substance user as perpetrator Age differences e.g. controlling behaviours Substance use treatment and relationships Things that make me feel better
2 - Family member facilitator interviews Varied responses to disclosure – v. good to v. bad practice Need more info and training on DV, and also DV/SU High level of child to parent abuse reported High tolerance levels for abuse reported Financial, emotional and psychological abuse Four barriers identified to why parents don’t seek support – 1. Shame – I’m ashamed my child is abusing me 2. Guilt – I feel guilty my child is like this 3. Fear – I fear what my child may do if I seek help 4. Lack of trust in support organisation Common themes 2
What do you call ‘it’? Family abuse? Domestic violence/abuse? Child-parent abuse? If the perpetrator is under 18 it’s tricky to apply the normal definitions of DV Some established DV practitioners/services may not see it as DV but as something separate ‘Some family members wouldn’t recognise their experiences as domestic abuse nor would they be comfortable with the term ‘domestic violence’’ – Galvani report. Current project finding diversity in terminology and conceptualisation amongst parents
‘Sometimes they just take it that that’s what’s happening, and they don’t actually understand that it’s not acceptable behaviour for them, or their children, or their loved ones to see them in this position.’ Family support provider interviewed ‘It’s the same as with having a drug or alcohol user in the family. It’s that stigma. And then there’s the double stigma of admitting you’re being abused as well.’ Family support provider interviewed ‘It’s about them feeling they can trust you, and it helps when they know that you’ve had experience of it yourself. I’m quite open about my story, so that can help.’ Family support provider interviewed ‘Double stigma’
What parents want What have I done? Why can he change so quickly? What can I do to cope? “How can I make it stop?” When will it end? “Does anybody ever get better?” There’s always that same question, ‘what triggers it’. Is it something I’ve done or not done? Coping strategies. What can I do in a give situation? Where do I get help for him? What can I do in a crisis? Who can I ring? What should I do?
From the research Characteristics of family abuse include – High tolerance of abuse, due to perpetrator being own child Shame of admitting to professionals that you need help Complex interplay of emotions and needs – anger, disappointment, shame, sorrow Family support providers reported wanting more information on the topic Lack of adult protection policies in family support organisations
From other research Met Police in DV homicide review 2008-9, found all five female non- partner/ex-partners and one of two males murdered were parents killed by sons. All six perpetrators ‘were either suffering from mental health problems or under the influence of alcohol and/or controlled drugs’ (MPS 2009: 14). Responses to child to parent violence are not as developed as those for partner violence (Condy 2009) Often characterised as a child protection issue, anti-social behaviour or conduct problems (Gallagher 2004a, Holt 2009) Research has highlighted inappropriate responses from statutory agencies to mothers experiencing abuse from children involved in the youth justice system (Holt 2009).
Thinking it Through Following the research Adfam and AVA produced a DVD and resource pack for practitioners working with young people affected by DV/SU Focus groups held around the country with young people affected by these issues Fictional scripts collaboratively developed covering the issues Five short films made with actors and included on DVD Resource pack with background on issues, activities for group work and notes for facilitators Launch event in March 2011, with young people invited