Presentation on theme: "The United States Goes to War. THE BIG THREE US Alliance with Great Britain and the Soviet Union Ideological differences Common Enemy – Hitler Stalin."— Presentation transcript:
The United States Goes to War
THE BIG THREE US Alliance with Great Britain and the Soviet Union Ideological differences Common Enemy – Hitler Stalin asked others to attack from France and open a second front to split the Nazi forces Eastern Front took a heavy toll on the Soviet population Allies attacked through Northern Africa
General George Marshall FDRs Army Joint Chief of Staff Orchestrated the War in Europe! Later will win the Nobel Peace Prize for his Marshall Plan.
North Africa General George S. Patton – Allies General Erwin Rommell Desert Fox – Axis (Nazi)
D-Day General Dwight D. Eisenhower - leading officer Largest amphibious attack in history June 6, 1944 Operation Overlord D-Day = Designated Day 2 million troops involved (largest invasion force ever assembled) First waves experienced high casualty rates Eventually liberated Paris and Belgium
Battle of the Bulge December 1944 Nazi troops squeezed b/w Soviets and Allies Hitler launched a surprise offensive in a weakened part of the line Created a bulge in the front line Hitler was defeated again One more nail in the coffin
Allied Victory in Europe After Bulge, Allies closed in on Berlin Allies met at Yalta to discuss terms of German surrender Berlin ended up under Soviet control. (Uh, oh) Hitler committed suicide at the end of April in 1945 VE DAY = Victory in Europe! Discovery of the death camps
US Strategy in the Pacific Pearl Harbor launched the Pacific side of the war American stronghold in the Philippines was lost MacArthur was made to leave some of his men, I shall return. Bataan Death March of those individuals left behind, thousands died on the long walk.
Island Hopping Campaign US made its way from island to island to stop the Japanese control Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle led several raids on Tokyo (known as Doolittle Raids)
Turning Point in the Pacific Had to gain control of the skies and waters of the Pacific The Battle of Coral Sea was the 1 st major battle for US in the Pacific Battle of Midway in June of 1942 was THE turning point Faced many Kamikazes
KAMIKAZES Japanese suicide squadrons Aircrafts were loaded with explosives Flew directly into US naval vessels killing themselves in an effort to stop the American advance Altogether, they sank about 40 ships
Battle of Iwo Jima and Okinawa US Island hopping Dangers other than battle included: 1. Monsoons 2. Malaria 3. Heat 4. Earthquakes 5. Jungle Conditions Iwo Jima – US 6,800 killed and 23,000 wounded
Okinawa Costliest engagement with 50,000 casualties This victory, however, gave the US strong positions to launch air strikes
Manhattan Project Key Players: –Albert Einstein –Enrico Fermi –J. Robert Oppenheimer FDR died in April 1945, Harry Truman took over the Presidency. Only being in office for three months he had to make the decision to use the atomic weapon
Hiroshima/Nagasaki Little Boy and Fat Man
A-Bomb On August 6, 1945 US dropped the first A-bomb on Hiroshima Japan still does not surrender On August 9 th, 1945 US dropped the second A- bomb on Nagasaki On August 14, 1945 Japan surrenders unconditionally; VJ Day
Effects of the War Holocaust Nuremberg Trials Japanese War Criminals Unbelievable death and destruction US Home front : –Japanese Interment Camps –Wartime Economy boost –Women (Rosie the Riveter, and Minorities join the market economy, only to be booted out AGAIN after the war. –Womens Baseball (A League of their Own!)
CountryNumber Killed USSR13,600,000 Germany3,300,000 China1,324,516 Japan1,140,429 British Empire357,116 Romania350,000 Poland320,000 Yugoslavia305,000 United States292,131 Italy279,800 TOTAL21,268,992
THE WAR IS OVER!
Let the BABY BOOM begin Let the BABY BOOM begin