Presentation on theme: "Presented in the WS on Advanced Reactors and Small and Medium-sized Reactors (SMRs) For Embarking Countries Jakarta, 19-22 August 2013 1 Dr. Ferhat Aziz."— Presentation transcript:
Presented in the WS on Advanced Reactors and Small and Medium-sized Reactors (SMRs) For Embarking Countries Jakarta, August Dr. Ferhat Aziz Deputy Chairman of BATAN
General Information An archipelago with 17,508 islands 1.9 million square miles total Fourth most populous country in the world, 237 million people (2010) 59% of population reside in Java, in a 7% total area 400 volcanoes, 100 active, 112 in Java island Air temperature : 27.6° to 36.8° C (day) and 14.6° to 24.6° C (night) Humidity: 63% to 83%
National energy needs will continue to increase along with economic growth, population, living standards, technology and the demands of environmental requirements. The tendency of the use of energy types in the future will shift towards technology-based energy than the resource-based energy (fossil fuel), this was felt as a result of depletion of fossil energy supplies after being exploited for so long.
To meet the energy needs through optimum energy mix, i.e., by utilizing all types of energy without discrimination and not to wait for another type of energy is running low (non-depletion). Energy Security and the mitigation of climate change is absolutely necessary for the survival of the nation and state.
Fossil energy resources remain (as 2010 without extended exploration) - Oil: 21 years - Gas: 61 years - Coal: 80 years
ENERGY CURRENT SITUATION Oil still dominated with 47.2% 1. Fossil energy still dominated, the resources are limited; 2. Electrification ratio in 2011 still low (72.9%) 3. Utilization of New and Renewable energy not yet optimal; 4. Environment issues: a. Climate change mitigation; b. Carbon trading; c. National commitment on emission redcution 26% in the year 2020; 5. Financing for energy sector development still limited.
ENERGY POLICY The Presidential Decree No.5 year 2006 indicates the target of energy mix until 2025 and the share of nuclear energy is about 2% of primary energy or 4% of electricity (4000 MWe). The first two units of NPP is expected to be operated before 2020 as stated in Act No. 17 year 2007 on National Long Term Development Planning The Energy Law No. 30 of August 2007 creates a National Energy Council (NEC) chaired by the President with the authority to design and formulate energy policy on behalf of the GOI. The policy then must be endorsed by Parliament. 8
Oil< 20 % Gas >30 % Coal >33 % New & Renewable Resources >17 % Biofuel > 5 % Geothermal > 5 % Nuclear, Hydro, Solar, Wind And biomass >5 % Liquefied Coal >2 % Target of National Energy Mix 2025 YEAR 2005 Oil : 54.76% Natural Gas : 22.24% Coal : 16.77% Hydro : 3.72% Geothermal : 2.48% YEAR 2025 PRESIDENT DECREE 5/2006 9
DRAFT OF NATIONAL ENERGY POLICY By NATIONAL ENERGY COUNCIL Oil Gas Coal New & Renewable
ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTION DESCRIPTION UNIT YEAR ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION High ScenarioTWh Low ScenarioTWh Per capita (high scenario)kWh Per capita (low scenario)kWh Growth (low scenario)- % Elasticity GENERATION CAPACITY GW GW AVERAGE UTILISATION- Hours Hours High Scenario Low Scenario High Scenario Low Scenario
INFRASTRUCTURES FOR NPP Self assessment of 19 NPP infrastructures readiness finished in October IAEA INIR mission for phase 1 conducted in November, 2009 Result of the INIR mission shows that Indonesia has done extensive preparatory work on most infrastructure issues that would allow the country to make decision to further consider introduction of nuclear power, i.e. to go from phase 1 to phase 2 in Milestone approach. 12
INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME & NPP PROJECT Source: IAEA NG-G-3.1, 2007 PR 5/2006Law 17/2007 NPP Dev. Current Status
14 SITE STUDY Muria Site: Has been evaluated ( ), Now: monitoring of meteorology and microseismic Banten Site: Under preliminary study Bangka Sites: Feasibility study ( )
HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT Establishment of Center for Education and Training. Establishment of Polytechnic of Nuclear Technology IAEA Technical Cooperations Bilateral program Education program in foreign countries International and National Scholarship 15
National Team for Nuclear Power HRD Consists of some members from various institutes: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry of Research and Technology Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration National Nuclear Energy Agency National Nuclear Regulatory Body State Owned Electricity Company 16
PROSPECT OF NATIONAL INDUSTRY PARTICIPATION Civil part and Civil Construction of NPP Some components of Balance of Plant (condenser, inner and outer casing of turbine and generator, electrical components) Radioactive waste management 17
18 RESULT OF NATIONAL PARTICIPATION STUDIES BYYEARNPP TYPE LEVEL OF NATIONAL PARTICIPATION (%) Unit 1&2Unit 3&4Unit 5&6Unit 7&8Unit 9&10 NewJec1994PWR Optimum MHI-WH1996AP GE1996ABWR26,131,437,560Optimum KEPCO1997KSNP UGM2004OPR KHNP2006OPR BATAN MWe304080
19 Made in Indonesia PT Siemens Indonesia, Cilegon Supplied for Olkiluoto 3 (1600 Mwe)
Value Added of NPP GDP/kap( USD) IndonesiaRep. Korea , ,30017, ,60022,600 (world bank, dengan pembulatan) ”. (IAEA, 2009). “nuclear industry became an integral part of South Korea development, changed the country from importer country to be export-oriented country, and became also igniter of technology inovation, accelerator of development, of infrastructure and education”. (IAEA, 2009).
21 NATIONAL Java-Bali Island BABEL Island
Polling Result (end of 2012) Agree Don’t agree Don’t know
Challenges for NPP Role in Indonesia Public perception Political climate/Democratic condition International confidence Financing