Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byConor Fierman Modified over 2 years ago

1
HEA STEM 2014 Understanding evolutionarily stable strategies: interactive games in the classroom Catherine Dennis

2
Evolutionarily Stable Strategy? ‘A strategy which, if adopted by a population in a given environment, cannot be invaded by any alternative strategy that is initially rare.’

3
Pure ESS One strategy adopted by all animals

4
Mixed ESS Frequency dependent

5
Aim John Maynard Smith (1973)

6
Hawk Dove Game

7
Fight – win or be injured Win Retreat Negotiate peacefully HAWKDOVE HAWK DOVE

8
Hawk Dove Game Fight – win or be injured Win Retreat Negotiate peacefully HAWKDOVE HAWK DOVE

9
Hawk Dove Game Victory - Cost 2 Victory 0 2 HAWKDOVE HAWK DOVE

10
To play the game: Victory = 50 points, Cost = -100 points Victory = 50 points, Cost = 0 50 points 0 points Hawk Dove Game

11
To play the game: Victory = 50 points, Cost = -100 points Victory = 50 points, Cost = 0 50 points 0 points 10 rounds Hawk Dove Game

17
V - C 2 V 0 V2V2 HAWKDOVE HAWK DOVE -2550 025

18
Benefits Not entirely equation focussed Play both strategies – one species! Evolutionary nature of the game emphasised ACTIVE

19
Limitations Some students still fail to grasp concept However….. …..they remember game theory ….. all appear to be comfortable with the concept by Level 4

20
Further activities Spreadsheet exercises in ecology and evolution chapter 39: Evolutionary Stable Strategies http://www.uvm.edu/rsenr/vtcfwru/spreadsheets/ecologyevolution/ec ology_evolution.htm http://www.uvm.edu/rsenr/vtcfwru/spreadsheets/ecologyevolution/ec ology_evolution.htm Dennis, C. (2014) Teaching the repeated Prisoner’s Dilemma with a non-computerised adaptation of Axelrod’s Tournament, Journal of Biological Education (in press) Extension exercise for Axelrod’s Tournament: http://www.christopherxjjensen.com/research/projects/online- cooperative-resource/easy-iterated-prisoners-dilemma/ http://www.christopherxjjensen.com/research/projects/online- cooperative-resource/easy-iterated-prisoners-dilemma/

Similar presentations

© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google