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(1865-1936) Born in Bombay, India, but gained most of his education in England Returned to India to work for a newspaper as a journalist Became chiefly.

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Presentation on theme: "(1865-1936) Born in Bombay, India, but gained most of his education in England Returned to India to work for a newspaper as a journalist Became chiefly."— Presentation transcript:

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2 ( ) Born in Bombay, India, but gained most of his education in England Returned to India to work for a newspaper as a journalist Became chiefly known for his short stories Achieved fame quickly Kipling married Caroline Starr Balestier Very popular with common readers “Prophet of British imperialism.“ Nobel Prize in Literature

3 YOUTUBE CLIP If you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on you; If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, But make allowance for their doubting too: If you can wait and not be tired by waiting, Or, being lied about, don't deal in lies, Or being hated don't give way to hating, And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise; If you can dream---and not make dreams your master; If you can think---and not make thoughts your aim, If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster And treat those two impostors just the same:. If you can bear to hear the truth you've spoken Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools, Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken, And stoop and build'em up with worn-out tools; If you can make one heap of all your winnings And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss, And lose, and start again at your beginnings, And never breathe a word about your loss: If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew To serve your turn long after they are gone, And so hold on when there is nothing in you Except the Will which says to them: "Hold on!" If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue, Or walk with Kings---nor lose the common touch, If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you, If all men count with you, but none too much: If you can fill the unforgiving minute With sixty seconds' worth of distance run, Yours is the Earth and everything that's in it, And---which is more---you'll be a Man, my son! ABABCDCDABABCDCDABABCDCDABABCDCD ABABCDCDABABCDCDABABCDCDABABCDCD Didactic Poem – instructs the reader Iambic Pentameter – each line has five feet, with one unstressed and one stressed syllable If YOU | can KEEP | your HEAD | when ALL | aBOUT | you

4 If you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on you; If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, But make allowance for their doubting too: If you can wait and not be tired by waiting, Or, being lied about, don't deal in lies, Or being hated don't give way to hating, And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise; STAY FOCUSED, POISED, USE SELF CONTROL EVEN IF OTHERS AROUND YOU SEEM TO BE LOSING IT TRUST YOUR INTUITIONS BUT DON’T IGNORE OTHERS HAVE PATIENCE AND RISE ABOVE RUMOURS AND LIES DON’T LET HATE GET TO YOU, RISE ABOVE BUT STAY HUMBLE

5 If you can dream---and not make dreams your master; If you can think---and not make thoughts your aim, If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster And treat those two impostors just the same:. If you can bear to hear the truth you've spoken Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools, Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken, And stoop and build'em up with worn-out tools; DREAMS ARE IMPORTANT, BUT MAKE SURE NOT TO LOSE SIGHT OF REALITY DON’T BE CHANGED BY VICTORY OR FAILURE, THEY AREN’T ALWAYS WHAT THEY SEEM YOUR WORDS MAY BE TWISTED, BUT STRENGTH LIES IN GETTING PAST THE TRAPS DON’T BE DISHEARTENED BY UNEXPECTED FAILURE, JUST STAND TALL AND FIX WHAT YOU CAN

6 If you can make one heap of all your winnings And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss, And lose, and start again at your beginnings, And never breathe a word about your loss: If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew To serve your turn long after they are gone, And so hold on when there is nothing in you Except the Will which says to them: "Hold on!" DON’T BE TOO CAREFUL EITHER, TAKE CHANCES IF YOU DON’T SUCCEED, TRY AGAIN WITHOUT BEING DISCOURAGED OR FEELING SORRY FOR YOURSELF GIVE IT ALL YOU’VE GOT, FIGHT TILL THE END DON’T GIVE UP, PUSH THROUGH DESPITE THE DIFFICULTIES YOU MAY FACE

7 If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue, Or walk with Kings---nor lose the common touch, If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you, If all men count with you, but none too much: If you can fill the unforgiving minute With sixty seconds' worth of distance run, Yours is the Earth and everything that's in it, And---which is more---you'll be a Man, my son! STAY TRUE TO YOURSELF, DON’T FORGET WHO YOU ARE DON’T GIVE ANYONE THE POWER TO HURT YOU, AND ALWAYS BE DEPENDABLE MAKE YOUR ACTIONS AND YOUR WORDS MEANINGFUL, POWERFUL ONCE YOU CAN DO THESE THINGS, THE WORLD IS YOURS, YOU HAVE THE POTENTIAL, THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT MAKE A MAN

8 Speaker? Subject? Tone? Mood? A father addressing his son Being the best person you can be Informative and moral Philosophic and reflective

9 Repetition: “If” is repeated to illustrate each action that should or should not be done to achieve manhood in the speaker’s eyes Paradox: throughout the poem, Kipling combine’s seemingly contradicting ideas which ultimately balance each other and express a truth ( 1 st stanza, lines 3 & 4 ) If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, But make allowance for their doubting too

10 The theme of the poem is manhood and leadership. The poem offers a lesson in the characteristics necessary to excel as a model of integrity and leadership.


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