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Water crisis : re-allocation of agriculture needs

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Presentation on theme: "Water crisis : re-allocation of agriculture needs"— Presentation transcript:

1 Water crisis : re-allocation of agriculture needs
Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia Water crisis : re-allocation of agriculture needs Dinar Rani Setiawan Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia/WALHI Friends of the Earth Indonesia

2 Quality and quantity degradation
Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia Water crisis Java : home of 65% population; 4,5% water potential; 7% land deficit by 13,1 billion m2 Nusa Tenggara Natural resources Quality and quantity degradation Water access Tap water Limited access (18% total population) 41 % urban area 8% rural area

3 Indonesia’s future with MDGs
Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia Indonesia’s future with MDGs MDG : To provide 75% water access National (2015) Population covered : 75% Water need : m3/year Percentage : 28,97% of total watershed ( = 49,76% agriculture need) -- assumption : water availability constant 200L/day (WHO standard) Jakarta (2010) * - population : - Water need : m3/year - Realization : m3/year - Equal to 45,38% covered  we’re not getting any near *JICA data

4 Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia
Water right Water right supporter: efficient allocation unit and a solution of water crisis in urban and industry consumers. Water right lead allocation based on its economical status  settlement, industry (Chile and Srilanka) Water Act No.7/2004 : not allowing the origin “water right” concept (ownership/entitlement) Regarding water crisis, reallocation of water from agriculture to other sector is inevitable This condition threats food security

5 User composition shifting
Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia User composition shifting This has already occured at Brantas and Citarum Rivers: Domestic demands increase Industry demands increase Agriculture allocation decrease  Water shifts from agriculture

6 Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia

7 Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia

8 Other source: Problematic!
Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia Other source: Problematic! Water body (river basin, lake, estuaries, water spring) - polluted, saline water intrusion, decreasing Ground water - un-renewable, subsidence, contaminated (e-coli form) - North Jakarta reach 35cm subsidized in 10 years Packed water - expensive, litter

9 Solutions and Alternatives
Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia Solutions and Alternatives Restoration ecosystem to normalizing hydrology cycle. Diversification staple food (1 kg rice = 3000 L water) Develop new planting method to reduce the use of water Public campaign to raise people awareness of water as limited resource Decentralization to facilitate citizen distribution

10 Whatever the solutions we’re taking,
Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia Whatever the solutions we’re taking, Risking Agriculture sector is uncompromised !

11 Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia
Merci Beaucoup!

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