Presentation on theme: "The IT Skills Gap Andrew Tuson Centre for Information Leadership."— Presentation transcript:
The IT Skills Gap Andrew Tuson Centre for Information Leadership
What I’ll be covering… Not here to advocate a particular agenda/body. Aim is to set the debate in context and stimulate discussion. I draw heavily on outside research, particularly e-skills UK’s (excellent) Technology Insights report. Need to make up your own mind what this means for you.
What does the workforce look like?
The flow of jobs…
The profession is aging…
More graduates for now (from HEPI)
Where is the growth…?
Where should we up-skill (Table 19)?
Put another way…
The ‘Contractor Paradox’ On forums this question often comes up. If there’s a need for IT skills, why can’t I find work? (Usually as a contractor) Possible response: the IT industry is one in constant flux and transformation. Effect of ‘creative destruction’? Do we equip our workforce for the long term? Are professionals trying to commoditize employers (and vice versa)?
Schools An issue with IT in schools (Ofsted 2009): “...many students were following qualifications of doubtful value.” “Students were spending considerable time demonstrating proficiency in what they could already do..., rather than being introduced to new and more challenging material and skills.” Does problem lie in what teachers are required to teach and league tables? Confusion between ‘use of IT’ and ‘IT as profession’
HE: prospects.ac.uk (1) In UK employment62.3% In overseas employment1.3% Working and studying4.6% Studying in the UK for a higher degree6.0% Studying in the UK for a teaching qualification 1.3% Undertaking other further study or training in the UK 2.4% Undertaking other further study or training overseas 0.1% Believed to be unemployed13.7% Not available for employment, study or training 2.7% Other 5.6% Prospects is the careers site for graduates. Unemployment for CS/IT graduates (after six months) is worse than national average (7.9%) What about those employed? Source: Prospects/HESA
HE: prospects.ac.uk (2) Less than half enter the IT profession! Some hidden in other categories? Some are not employed in ‘graduate’ positions! Over 10% in retail, catering, waiting and bar staff (reflects all-subject average). This is six months after graduation, improves later on… But students’ expectations are within that timeframe. Arts, design, culture and sports professionals 5.2% Business and financial professionals and associate professionals 5.1% Commercial, industrial and public sector managers 9.1% Education professionals3.0% Engineering professionals1.9% Health professionals and associate professionals 0.2% Information technology professionals43.7% Legal professionals0.1% Marketing, sales and advertising professionals 2.4% Scientific research, analysis and development professionals 0.1% Social and welfare professionals0.6% Other professional and technical occupations 2.6% Numerical clerks and cashiers 1.3% Other clerical and secretarial occupations 5.9% Retail, catering, waiting and bar staff10.4% Other occupations8.4% Unknown occupations 0.2% Source: Prospects/HESA
HE: Degree Employability? My ‘quick & dirty’ analysis Grades account for 59% of variation. The rest? A point for debate… Placements help – strong evidence for this! Links with industry Differences in coverage Local IT employment markets Social capital? Source: HESA/Independent
Some parting thoughts/questions… Schools/HE only a part of the picture? Macro level vs Micro level? Dangers of ‘tick-box’ training? Certifications – evidence they add value? Civil society/state/market failure? Is academic education the enduring skill? More at andrewtuson.blogspot.com
Key Sources Much of the data was taken from the e- Skills ‘Technology Insights’ report series. Other useful sources are: www. jobstats.co.uk
Further Reading Wolf, A. (2002). Does Education Matter? Myths About Education And Economic Growth, London: Penguin Press. Wolf, A. (2009). An Adult Approach to Further Education, London: IEA. Leitch, S. (2006). Prosperity for all in the global economy - world class skills: Final Report of the Leitch Review of Skills. London: HM Treasury. Brown, P. and Hesketh, A. (2004). The Mismanagement of Talent: Employability and Jobs in the Knowledge Economy. Oxford: OUP. Knight, P., and Yorke, M. (2004). Learning, Curriculum and Employability in Higher Education, London: Routledge Falmer. Morley, L., Eraut, M., Aynsley, S., McDonald, D., and Shepard, J. (2006). Needs of employers and related organisations for information about quality and standards of higher education. Bristol: Higher Education Funding Council for England.