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The Role of Women in Social Entrepreneurship Professor Elisabeth Sundin Linköpings universitet Östersund den 2 oktober 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "The Role of Women in Social Entrepreneurship Professor Elisabeth Sundin Linköpings universitet Östersund den 2 oktober 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Role of Women in Social Entrepreneurship Professor Elisabeth Sundin Linköpings universitet Östersund den 2 oktober 2013

2 Introduction and key-questions Well-fare regimes and the position of the civil sector and social enterpreneurship Changes in the well-fare regimes Organizational settings for social intentions The Swedish case Capital and trust Conclusion

3 The position of women in society Gender segregation in all societies but Great differences The female label of the social (?) Women – female - femininity The Role of Women in Entrepreneurship Elisabeth Sundin

4 Women are everywhere to a lower extent than men small business owners and considered to be less entrepreneurial than men The role of women in social entrepreneurship Elisabeth Sundin The male label of entrepreneurship and Gender segregation in the SME-sector and in E-ship

5 Is the male label of entrepreneurship stronger than the female label of the social? Are social enterprises less gender segregated than other organizations? Are social initiatives less gendered than other initiatives Are social engagement gendered The Role of women in social entrepreneurshop Elisabeth Sundin

6 Well-fare regimes Liberal Conservative Socal democratic (Esping-Andersen; Mahon; emphasizing child and elderly care) The role of women in social entrepreneurship Elisabeth Sundin

7 The role of women in social entrepreneurship Elisabeth Sundin MarketState Civil Society Including family?

8 The social entrepreneurship and its positioning internationally The role of women in social entrepreneurship Elisabeth Sundin MarketState Civil Society UK European Social Democraties Asia Eastern Europe Latin America Nicholls (2006) New Models of Sustainable Social Change, p.5.

9 GEM: Social entrepreneurship is entrepreneurship with a social purpose Factor driven: Elementary needs, Health, Water, Sanitary Innovation driven: Culture, Handicapped, Disabled, Environment, Nature, Open-source The Role of women in social entrepreneurshiop Elisabeth Sundin

10 More classifications possible Purpose Social/EcologicalEconomical Actor Collective Individual Civic E-ship Tripplehelix CSR Social economy Trad. Social E-ship Community E-ship Social E-ship Traditional E-ship Activist E-ship Public E-ship Figure: Concepts related to Social Entreprenurship. (Gawell, Johansson & Lundqvist 2009)

11 Business Owner Corporate Enrepreneur Public Sector Entrepreneur Social Entrepreneur MotiveFreedomGoal-orientedPower, not limited to profit motives Social Time-horizon5–10 years3–15 years10–15 years KnowledgeEnterprisingTechnicalPolitical/Power View of the system FrustratingManipulativeRe-design Restructuring FokusExternalInternal and External Co-opt, External powers for Internal goals RiskFinancialCareerOrganizational Källa: Zerbinati & Souitaris The role of women in social entrepreneurship Elisabeth Sundin

12 Organizations and sectors are connected – so changes in one have consequences in others Example – start with NPM (New Public Management in the public sector The role of women in the social sector Elisabeth Sundin

13 New Public Management Introduction of private-style management Measures of performance Greater emphasis on output control Disaggregation of units Internal competition Gives consequences inside the public sector but also in the other sectors The role of women in social entrepreneruship Elisabeth Sundin

14 Changes in the public sector and social entrepreneurship Inside the public sector – ”Street level” bureaucrats – less initiatives allowed – Managers – more power – Professions – less power and less initiatives allowed.. Less public sector entrepreneurship The role of women in the social sector Elisabeth Sundin

15 Changes in the private sector and social entrepreneurship Inside the private sector the public sector an expanding market But also – Corporate Social Responsibility – Small firms challenged by the social sector? The role of women in the social sector Elisabeth Sundin

16 Changes in the civil sector and social organizations Adapt to NPM Compete with CSR New areas due to shortcomings in the other The role of women in the social sector Elisabeth Sundin

17 Organizational settings for social intentions Social engagement Social initiatives Social enterprises

18 Social engagement in Sweden Gender division of activities –Sport –Housing –Hierarchy –More men than women! The role of women in social entrepreneurship Elisabeth Sundin

19 Social initiatives For womenFor men By womenShelters for battered women Lower levels at the Salvation Army By menPhilantropistsCrisis centras for men

20 Social enterprises The failure of the market and the ”state” Groups with disadvantages like immigrants and disabled Sex and gender of minor importance The role of women in social entrepreneurship Elisabeth Sundin

21 Social entrepreneurship needs different forms of capital: The role of women in the social sector Elisabeth Sundin Financial capital Social capital Human capital Of relevance in all kinds of contexts To what extent can they, as well as trust, be translated? There are gender-dimensions in all kinds of capital

22 So the position and role of women in social activites as well as in social entrepreneurship is a mirror of the role of women in society The role of women in social entreprenurship Elisabeth Sundin

23 The role of women in social entreprenurship Elisabeth Sundin

24 The role of women in social entreprenurship Elisabeth Sundin

25 Indelning enligt GEM 2009

26 The role of women in social entrepreneurship Elisabeth Sundin


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