Presentation on theme: "basics and applications"— Presentation transcript:
1basics and applications Rules of procedurebasics and applications
2Basic vocabDelegateAn individual representing a country or organisation during the debate: “The delegate from Australia”ChairAn individual in charge of regulating the flow of debate, the chair’s decision is final in all mattersPlacardThe card which is inscribed with the name of the country or organisation a delegate is representing. A delegate raises his/her placard to ask to speak.
4Your momma’s so fat she don’t even need a placard to be seen! Right to replyThis delegate requests a right to reply to this gross insult!!!
5Point of personal privilege To point out any personal discomfort or issue that is preventing your full participation in the debate
6Point of parliamentary enquiry To ask about Rules of Procedure or how you go about something
7To point out the use of improper parliamentary procedure Point of orderTo point out the use of improper parliamentary procedure
8Start of the debate: rolL call All member states due to attend the debate will have their name called out in alphabetical order and have to reply, this is to:Determine who has come to the sessionDetermine how they will be votingPossible answers are:“Present”- the state is present at the debate and may choose to vote “yes”, “no” or may choose to “abstain”“Present and voting”- the state is present at the debate and commits to voting either “yes” or “no”No answer- the state is not present at the debate
9Beginning the debate: setting the agenda This must be the first motion at the opening of a session. It helps to:Choose which topic is to be debated firstLets the majority decideHow this happens:A delegate raises his/her placard and motions to set the AgendaAnother delegate must express support for the motion by raising his/her placard and offering to “second” itIf a there is a “second”, the committee votes on the motionA majority is needed for it to pass, if a majority is not achieved the 2nd topic that was to be debated will be covered first
10The speakers listStarts after the Agenda has been set and stays continually open throughout the debateThe chair(s) will ask if anyone wants to be added to the speakers listDelegates can add their names to it by raising their placard at this timeDelegates whose turn it is to speak can talk about anything so long as it remains related to the topic being discussedTime left over?“Yield my time to questions from the floor”“Yield my time to the delegate of XXX”“Yield my time to the chair”
11Introducing a focus: moderated caucuses A moderated caucus can be introduced at any time and can help to focus the debate on a specific part of the topic.How to introduce a moderated Caucus:The chair asks “Are there any points or motions on the floor”A delegate can raise then his/her placard and motion for a moderated caucus. He/she must specify:The topic of the caucusThe total length he/she would like it to lastHow much time he/she would like each speaker to have for their speeches
12Informal discussion: Un-moderated caucuses Un-moderated caucuses are used to facilitate informal discussion, negotiation and resolution writing.How to introduce an un-moderated caucus:The chair asks “Are there any points or motions on the floor”A delegate can raise then his/her placard and motion for a moderated caucus:No specific topic idea is neededA total time must be specified
13Order of precedence Un-moderated Caucus (7 mins) Moderated Caucus (7 mins, 45s speakers time)Moderated Caucus (5 mins, 45s speakers time)Moderated Caucus (5 mins, 45s speakers time) proposed after the above
14Writing things down: Working papers Working papers are like a resolution in its early stages, they can be:Written by a single delegateWritten by several delegates (perhaps during an un-moderated caucus)Relatively informal: No specific structure needs to be employed in writing oneDiscussed with the whole committee after the chair has granted their approvalHow to introduce a working paper:The chair asks “Are there any points or motions on the floor”A delegate can then raise his/her placard and motion for the introduction of Working paper 1.1Specific discussion about the working paper can be achieved by asking for a moderated caucus about the working paper
15From working paper to draft resolution Transforming your working paper:Must have pre-ambulatory clausesMust have operative clausesMust have signatories (up to 3)Must have sponsors (at least 1/5th of the committee)Must be formally written
16sponsors Up to 3 people These are: Delegates who have directly contributed towards writing the resolution and fully support itIf you sponsor a resolution you must vote for it no matter what amendments are made to it.
17SIGNATORIES Signatories are: AT LEAST 1/5TH OF THE COMMITTEESignatories are:Delegates which would like to see the resolution discussedNot obliged to vote in favour of the resolution
18Pre-ambulatory clauses Pre-ambles should:Begin with an appropriate prefix (in italics)Be separated from each other by a commaHighlight the main problems to be addressedMention prior efforts at addressing them (resolutions, treaties etc.)
19Examples of pre-ambulatory clauses Recognising that illegal hazardous waste traffic is criminal, Referring to the points made by the ‘Basel Convention on the Control of Trans-boundary Movements of Hazardous Waste and Their Disposal’ signed in 1989, Keeping in mind that we live in a global inter-dependent community where the actions of one nation can have serious environmental consequences on another;
20Operative clauses These should: Outline how you believe UN member states should act in relation to the issuePropose detailed measures to be adoptedBe numberedBegin with an appropriate prefix (in italics)Be separated by a semi-colon (except the final clause, which ends with a full stop)
21Examples of operative clauses Urges measures to be taken to assist developing countries, under a waste treatment plan, in their efforts to combat hazardous waste by setting up partnerships with developed countries which would share their expertise in waste management and reduction;Further recommends interagency cooperation between developing and developed countries to advance hazardous waste removal with the assistance of remediation technology including waste screening, sampling and analysis matrices;Calls for companies to modify their processes and aims to cleaner disposal and production in accordance with their national environment laws.
22Pre-ambulatory Prefixes operative prefixes Acknowledging Affirming Alarmed by Approving Aware of Believing Bearing in mind Confident Congratulating Contemplating Convinced Declaring Deeply concerned Deeply conscious Deeply convinced Deeply disturbed Deeply regretting Fully aware Fully believing Further developing Further recalling Guided by Having adopted Having considered Having examined Noting further Noting with approval Noting with deep concern Noting with regret Noting with satisfaction Observing Pointing out Reaffirming Realizing Recalling RecognisingAcceptsFurther recommendsAffirmsFurther requestsApprovesFurther resolvesAsksHopesAuthorisesInvitesCalls forProposesCalls uponRecommendsCondemnsRegretsCongratulatesRequestsConfirmsResolvesDeclares accordinglySeeksDeploresStrongly affirmsDesignatesStrongly condemnsEncouragesStrongly urgesEndorsesSuggestsExpresses its appreciationSupportsExpresses its hopeUrgesFurther invitesFurther proclaims
23YOU CANNNOT AMEND AN AMENDMENT!!! amendmentsThese must:Add to, revise or delete part of the draft resolutionBe submitted to the chair in writingBe sponsored by at least 1/8th of delegates present and votingHave a simple majority to passYOU CANNNOT AMEND AN AMENDMENT!!!Friendly amendments:An amendment that does not alter the substance of the debate. These can be added with the consent of the sponsers and the chair.
24Closing debate and moving into voting procedure To vote on a resolution, a delegate must motion to “close debate and begin voting procedures”.Different kinds of voting:Normal vote- by raising placardRole-call vote (in alphabetical order)Members can vote “yes”, “no”, “abstain” or can “pass”If a delegate says “pass”, the chair will return to them after the list is completed and they have to then vote “yes” or “noDivision of the questionOperative clauses can be voted on separatelySub-clauses cannot be voted on separatelyDifferent divisions are possible