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Today’s lesson we will be looking at: Responses to aggression You will be able to:  State two responses to aggression which involve the use of force.

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Presentation on theme: "Today’s lesson we will be looking at: Responses to aggression You will be able to:  State two responses to aggression which involve the use of force."— Presentation transcript:

1 Today’s lesson we will be looking at: Responses to aggression You will be able to:  State two responses to aggression which involve the use of force.  State two responses which don’t involve the use of force.  Explain what the United Nations Organisation is and identify what they do.

2 Countries who are victims of aggression have a number of options:  They could try to negotiate a peaceful settlement in the dispute.  They may return force with sufficient force to defend its territory.  They may return force with greater force as part of a counter- attack against the aggressor.  They could call the United Nations to intervene with peace- keeping forces and the threat of non-military sanctions such as trade sanctions against the aggressor.

3 The United Nations  Set up in 1945  To promote international peace and security.  Most but not all of the world’s countries are part of the UN  There are 192 countries in the UN only a few which are not:  Kosovo – independence from Serbia 2008-still not recognised as part of the UN.  Vatican (Holy See)

4 The UN charter  States that all countries should respect the fundamental human rights of all people and establish conditions under which justice and respect can be maintained.  Tolerance should be practiced and people should be allowed to live in peace.

5  The UN charter also states that the international community should to whatever is necessary to maintain international peace and to protect future generations from war.

6 Legitimate authority  Many argue that if a war is necessary then the UN is the only legitimate authority to declare war.  Article 2.4 of the UN states that member nations are required to ‘refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force.’

7 UN structure:  There are various bodies within the UN which have the task of trying to achieve the aim of making the world a more peaceful place.  The International Court of Justice – tries to establish and enforce international laws and broker peaceful settlements to disputes which might lead to war.

8 Are they successful?  Although some states have ignored ruling from the ICJ, it has successfully laid down principles which have allowed numerous disputes to be settled peacefully.  The UN have helped end wars by helping establish cease-fires and arrange peace treaties.

9 WMD’s  The UN have also tried to broker agreements for conventions to control and reduce the use of weapons of mass destruction – one success being in 1967 there was an international agreement to ban development of WMD in space.

10 Peacekeeping forces  The Un have multi-national peacekeeping forces which sends flashpoints to protect civilians and to try and prevent war.  Peacekeeping forces are soldiers provided by the UN’s various member states.

11 Peacekeeping soldiers  Soldiers wear blue berets or helmets – UN colour  Use minimal force to prevent fighting and protect civilians.  Orders to shoot are normally only given when soldiers have to defend themselves.  Sometimes they are unarmed and act as observers who report on any breach of peace deals.

12 Geneva Convention.  The UN established the Geneva convention to help victims of war.  The convention states that civilians must be treated humanely and that pow must not be tortured.  It also bans hostage-taking and discrimination on the grounds or race, religion, nationality or politics


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