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TRAINING NEEDS TO MEET THE CHALLENGES OF IMPROVED EXTENSION DELIVERY IN SOUTH AFRICA Prof G H Düvel University of Pretoria.

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Presentation on theme: "TRAINING NEEDS TO MEET THE CHALLENGES OF IMPROVED EXTENSION DELIVERY IN SOUTH AFRICA Prof G H Düvel University of Pretoria."— Presentation transcript:

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2 TRAINING NEEDS TO MEET THE CHALLENGES OF IMPROVED EXTENSION DELIVERY IN SOUTH AFRICA Prof G H Düvel University of Pretoria

3 THE IMPORTANCE ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENT SOLUTIONS TO IMPROVING EXTENSION EFFICIENCY BASED ON RANK ORDER POSITIONS AND EXPRESSED AS MEAN WEIGHTED PERCENTAGE PROVINCEWeighted Mean (%) Improved Manage- ment More Accounta- bility Better and more training More Financial resources Better Staff selection Better Extension Approach More Commit- ment E. Cape44.160.252.149.448.343.540.6 Free State65.849.160.140.457.546.942.3 Gauteng56.75054.756.448.542.235.3 KwaZulu-Ntl45.253.556.955.846.243.542.6 Limpopo47.152.15653.151.14439.5 Mpumalanga54.954.255.550.942.649.940.9 N.Cape77.356.154.556.837.944.738.6 North West46.652.554.955.745.344.145.9 W. Cape60.738.152.564.237.554.452.6 Total48.853.755.252.947.644.741.4

4 Management Efficiency

5 OVERVIEW: 1.The current situation regarding extension delivery 2.Extension training – some important principles 3.The current situation regarding extension qualifications 4.Constraints and challenges

6 ESTIMATED EXTENSION EFFICIENCY EXPRESSED AS A RETURN ON R100 INVESTED INSTITUTION/ CLIENT GROUP E. Cape Free State Gau- teng KZNLim- popo Mpu- ma- lang a N. Cape North West W. Cape Total Dept of Agriculture: Own Area9011196123801028410615098 Own Province92116981228411080117119102 SA: Small-scale subsis.7795891107489781074989 SA: Small-scale Comm.80100861167295741066690 SA: Large-scale Comm97112981358110579108124102 NGOs Small-scale subsis.71847984636775803772 SA: Small-scale Comm.73938189657174794674 SA: Large-scale Comm82111100103738272904385

7 THE UNDER-PERFORMANCE IN RELATION TO PERCEIVED POTENTIAL

8 THE PERCEIVED UNDER-PERFORMANCE OF EXTENSIONISTS EXPRESSED AS A MEAN PERCENTAGE

9 COMPETENCE ASSESSMENT OF FRONTLINE EXTENSIONISTS BY THEMSELVES AND BY THEIR MANAGERS

10 FARMERS ASSESSMENT OF OF THE VALUE OF THE EXTENSION WORKERS ADVICE Valuable – can give examples Of some value No value – have never received advice of any value

11 FARMERS ASSESSMENT OF THE EXTENSION WORKERS SUCCESS Knows about achievements and are openly appreciative Are aware of certain achievements Does not know of any achievements or believe there is much

12 AWARENESS OF THE EXTENSION WORKERS ACITVITIES Have good knowledge Have some knowledge or know about some of the activities/projects Appear to have an idea No idea what the extension worker does

13 FARMERS AWARENESS OF THE LOCAL EXTENSION OFFICER Interact frequently with EO or work together closely Interact with EO sometimes Know EOs name but have little to do with him/her Do not know EO. Have only heard about him/her

14 Principles and Characteristics of Extension Training: 1.Multi-disciplinary nature 2.Ethical nature 3.Dual speciality 4.Soft nature (compromise rigor) 5.Behaviour Principles versus Extension Methodology

15 Principles and Characteristics of Extension Training: 1.Multi-disciplinary nature 2.Ethical nature 3.Dual speciality 4.Soft nature (compromise rigor) 5.Behaviour Principles versus Extension Methodology

16 The Multidisciplinary Nature of Extension Extension Education Rural Sociology Socio- psychology Anthropology Agric. Economics

17 Principles and Characteristics of Extension Training: 1.Multi-disciplinary nature 2.Ethical nature 3.Dual speciality 4.Soft nature (compromise rigor) 5.Behaviour Principles versus Extension Methodology

18 THE EXTREME ALTERNATIVES OF THE CONCEPT EXTENSION/DEVELOPMENT 2. Provides insight and understanding 2. Provides recipes or instructions 4. Focus on current problems 4. Focus on future problems 6. Promotes independency 6. Maintains dependency 1. Educational 1. Advisory 3. Re-active3. Pro-active 5. Human Development 5. Agricultural Development 7. Participatory7. No participation

19 Principles and Characteristics of Extension Training: 1.Multi-disciplinary nature 2.Ethical nature 3.Dual speciality 4.Soft nature (compromise rigor) 5.Behaviour Principles versus Extension Methodology

20 Principles and Characteristics of Extension Training: 1.Multi-disciplinary nature 2.Ethical nature 3.Dual speciality 4.Soft Science (compromise rigor) 5.Behaviour Principles versus Extension Methodology

21 Principles and Characteristics of Extension Training: 1.Multi-disciplinary nature 2.Ethical nature 3.Dual speciality 4.Soft nature (compromise rigor) 5.Behaviour Principles versus Extension Methodology

22 DISTRIBUTON OF FRONTLINE EXTENSION WORKERS ACCORDING TO PROVINCE AND THE HIGHEST QUALIFICATION IN AGRICULTURE QualificationCertificate or Diploma Advanced Dipl. BTech of B- degree BSc, Hons. BSc(Hons) Masters, MSc, PhD n%n%n%n% Eastern Cape17582.92411.6104.720.9 Free State2040.8816.31836.736.1 Gauteng1529.41427.51835.347.8 KwaZulu-Natal12766.13116.12613.584.2 Limpopo26684.43812.192.920.6 Mpumalanga8667.72721.386.364.7 Northern Cape942.929.5838.129.5 North West8750.95431.61810.5127 Western Cape630315840315 TOTAL79168.420117.412310.6423.6

23 PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF EXTENSIONISTS ACCORDING TO HIGHEST QUALIFICATION

24 CONSTRAINTS AND CHALLENGES: 1.Limited Accessibility to extension training

25 4 th 3 rd 1 st 2 nd BSc Agric 3 rd (4) 2 nd (3) 1 st (2) B Agric 2 nd (3) 1 st (2) Diploma Masters Honours Adv. Univ dipl

26 CONSTRAINTS AND CHALLENGES: 1.Limited Accessibility to extension training 2.Lack of specialisation 3.Derailment and marginalisation of Extension 4.No clear extension and extension training policy 5.Lacking Knowledge Support System 6.Low credibility 7.Conflicting norms and outcomes in education and training 8.Career path for extension 9.Scarce human resources


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