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Formation of a Corrie. Small hollow on the north facing side of a hillside Water enters cracks in the rock. when temperatures fall below zero the water.

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Presentation on theme: "Formation of a Corrie. Small hollow on the north facing side of a hillside Water enters cracks in the rock. when temperatures fall below zero the water."— Presentation transcript:

1 Formation of a Corrie

2 Small hollow on the north facing side of a hillside Water enters cracks in the rock. when temperatures fall below zero the water freezes and expands putting huge amounts of pressure on the surrounding rock. When temperatures rise again the water melts releasing the pressure. This process is known as freeze-thaw. This weakens the surrounding rocks.

3 Snow begins to collect in the hollow, and soon turns to ice in the falling temperatures. As snow continues to fall, the ice overflows out of the hollow to form a glacier

4 GLACIER The glacier freezes onto the surrounding rocks, that have been weakened by freeze-thaw. As the glacier moves downhill due to gravity, it tears away these rocks. This process is known as Plucking Direction of Ice Movement

5 Huge amounts of rock are torn away from the hillside, leaving a huge hollow.

6 Rocks embedded within the glacier scrape against the rock surface, acting like sandpaper, smoothening the surface. This process is known as abrasion.

7 After glaciation, a small mound of moraine is left, forming a lip Original profile, before glaciation After glaciation, a huge hollow in the hillside, called a corrie

8 Often meltwater remains in the corrie, known as a tarn or corrie loch

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10 Formation of a U-Shaped Valley

11 Before glaciation, U-Shaped valleys are V-Shaped river valleys. Water enters cracks in the rock. When temperatures fall below zero the water freezes and expands putting huge amounts of pressure on the surrounding rock. When temperatures rise again the water melts releasing the pressure. This process is known as freeze-thaw. This weakens the surrounding rocks.

12 Snow and ice begin to move through the valley floor as a glacier.

13 The glacier freezes onto the surrounding rocks, that have been weakened by freeze-thaw. As the glacier moves downhill due to gravity, it tears away these rocks. This process is known as Plucking

14 Huge amounts of rock are torn away from the valley sides and base, leaving very steep sides and a flat base.

15 Rocks embedded within the glacier scrape against the rock surface, acting like sandpaper, smoothening the surface. This process is known as abrasion.

16 Original profile, before glaciation After glaciation, a U- Shaped valley has been formed, with steep side walls and a flat base.

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18 Name 3 similarities between the formation of a Corrie and the formation of a U-Shaped Valley Freeze – Thaw Action Plucking Abrasion

19 Before GlaciationDuring Glaciation After Glaciation

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21 Task 1: Using the information that you have just heard and your notes, answer the following question; Select one feature of glacial erosion and explain the processes involved in the formation of this feature. Annotated diagrams may be used. 4 marks


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