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Adolf Hitler Rise to Power. Adolf Hitler & Nazi Party Born in Austria in 1889, unhappy childhood, frustrated artist, etc. Joined the German army during.

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Presentation on theme: "Adolf Hitler Rise to Power. Adolf Hitler & Nazi Party Born in Austria in 1889, unhappy childhood, frustrated artist, etc. Joined the German army during."— Presentation transcript:

1 Adolf Hitler Rise to Power

2 Adolf Hitler & Nazi Party Born in Austria in 1889, unhappy childhood, frustrated artist, etc. Joined the German army during WWI – never above rank of corporal Upset when Germany surrendered because Germany had been beaten Swore revenge on the socialists and Jews – called them traitors, said they stabbed Germany in the back

3 Joined the Nazi party (National Socialist German Workers Party) Aim was to rebuild Germany and defeat its enemies Hitler – passionate speeches, organizational skills soon made him leader of the party Organized the Party like a military Special salute, uniform, songs, symbol – swastika Made stirring speeches, marched members through streets of German towns Brown-shirted storm-troopers broke up Communist Party meetings, attacked the homes and businesses of Jews, terrorized anyone who did not hold the same views they did – called them traitors

4 As leader of the Party – watched Mussolinis rise to power with admiration By 1933 they were the largest party in the German parliament but had never won a majority in an election As leader of the Party, Hitler was asked to become Chancellor of Germany Agreed as long as was given dictatorial powers

5 Reasons for Supporting Hitler Strong leader who they thought would solve the countrys problems Inspiring leader – brilliant, hypnotizing speaker Rallies were colourful parades, rousing marching songs – people who watched felt they were a part of a great movement Depression hit Germany hard High unemployment, new democratic government blamed – Nazis to fix

6 Fear of his Stormtroopers Marched around, broke up meetings, harassed anyone who didnt support A target to blame – scapegoats for German problems Communists and Jews – preached racial purity, Germans as the master race Jews, Slavs and other minorities as impure aliens Treaty of Versailles – pay for WWI with money and goods during the 1920s, war guilt clause

7 When in power Hitler: Put Germans back to work – built roads, bridges Built guns, tanks, warships, planes – forbidden by Treaty of Versailles Increased the army – again, forbidden 1936 rode tanks down the highways into the Rhineland – demilitarized in Treaty of Versailles Allies protested mildly, but not much

8 In power, Hitler also: Destroyed all traces of democracy Put socialists, democrats, communists, religious leaders, teachers, scientists and anyone who spoke out against the Nazis in concentration camps Gestapo (secret police) were everywhere Persecuted Jews – lost their jobs, businesses, homes, etc. Nazi propaganda everywhere Controlled unions, schools, churches and the army

9 The Gathering Storm & Appeasement League of Nations League of Nations – after WWI to prevent future wars International arguments settled through diplomacy USA never joined – weakness in League as a result Japan invaded Chinese province and League didnt do much Mussolini (Italy) invaded and beat Ethiopia Ethiopia protested to the League, League cut off oil to Italy – Mussolini said that would mean war so the League backed off

10 League didnt react when Hitler marched into Rhineland France, at the urging of Britain, didnt argue it League didnt stop Mussolini or Hitler realized it, joined with the military rulers of Japan to form the Rome-Tokyo-Berlin Axis against Communist Russia Hitler now had allies – ready to gamble that Europe would agree to anything he wanted in order to prevent war

11 Appeasement Hitlers vision of the master race meant that all Germans had to be part of Germany 1938 – invaded Austria b/c German speaking for most part no way to defend itself, France & Britain did nothing

12 Czechoslovakia was German speaking and wealthy. Hitler claimed they were oppressed and threatened to occupy the area France, Britain and Russia promised to stand by the Czechs and met with Germany & Italy Gave in to Germany in order to avoid another war Germany took over the entire area Germany next demanded Poland, Britain and France said they would protect Poland USSR made a deal with Germany to not fight against each other and split Poland between them With Russia out of the way, Hitler was ready to go Q. Why would Hitler want Russia out of the way first?


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