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Transport Energy Descent Plan – Steve Melia
This Workshop: 1.Presentation 1: the Problem 2.Questions/Comments 3.Discussion: Forming a T.T. Transport Contact Group 4.Presentation 2: Some Solutions (Oxford example) 5.Discussion in Groups
A difficult problem for transition towns – limited scope for individual action The nature of the problem: Transport & Transition Towns
UK CO 2 by END USER 2006 Source: www.defra.gov.uk 28.3%
UK CO 2 Trends (1990 =100) Transport Other Sectors
UK CO 2 from Transport Source: Carbon Pathways Analysis (DfT 2008) *No allowance for radiative forcing
Aviation 1 flight to New York = average car use for 1 year (www.campaigncc.org)www.campaigncc.org Long-term trends The ‘Because I Deserve it’ problem amongst ‘green’ middle classes
Passenger Travel (billions km) Cars & Vans Others Source: DfT Transport Trends 2007 www.dft.gov.uk
Why Technology Won’t Solve the Problem…
Longer Trips are Biggest Problem: Source: Carbon Pathways Analysis (DfT 2008)
So Are Walking & Cycling Irrelevant?
To replace half current car mileage buses would need 10 x increase Source: Transport Trends (DfT 2007)
► To reduce CO 2 from transport we must reduce travel distances Source: Transport Trends (DfT 2007)
What is the Most Significant Factor Associated with Car Use?
Source: The Car in British Society (RAC Foundation 2009) Avg Mileage per Person per Year 10,000 No Car1 Car 2 Cars+ 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 Other Driver Passenger
Source: Echenique & Homewood (2003) Avg. Annual Miles/Person
1.Questions/ Comments on The Problem 2.What Might a Transport Contact Group for Transition Towns do? Discussion:
Report for Sustrans and Transition Town Oxford How to reduce car dependence, energy consumption, CO 2 emissions Short and Longer-Terms 2) Some Solutions…
Oxford Modal Share (trip stages) Source: Access to Oxford Survey (2008)
Problem: too many buses Air quality limits exceeded
Report Approach 1.Reduce convenience of the car 2.Give advantage to other modes 3.Improve conditions for walking and cycling 4.Tackle ‘the bus problem’ 5.Support lower car ownership
Filtered Permeability Separates modes to give the advantage to cyclists & public transport
Groningen, pop. 180,000: 60% of trips by bicycle
‘coarse grain’ network of roads for cars
Groningen – ‘coarse grain’ network of roads for cars Groningen – fine grain cycling network
Some Examples in Oxford Already
Magdalen Bridge – Close to general traffic
Conventional Wisdom in Britain: Manual for Streets (DfT, 2007) 4.2.3 Connected or ‘permeable’ networks encourage walking and cycling…. This Statement is Misleading!
Solution to the Bus Problem
Trams in Pedestrianised Areas Freiburg
Strongly weighted towards buses Up to 90% of bus-based schemes, only 75% of tram/rail schemes Is Oxford too small? (conurbation pop. 174,000) Government Policy
Mulhouse. Popn. 172,000. New Tram system 2006: €249m
New Generation Ultra Light Rail Bristol (trial finished)Stourbridge (began March) Power on board Cheaper than conventional trams ( See: www.ultralightrail.com )
Intensification, particularly around city centres Transport serving new developments Carfree development Planning Principles
Traffic-free residential area Designed around travel by other modes (inc. car clubs) Limited parking, separated from residential area 3 models across Europe: Carfree Development
Vauban (Freiburg) 2,000 dwellings
Vehicles walking pace pick up/deliver No parking (some infractions) Absolute priority for children playing
Stellwerk 60, Cologne: 400 dwellings. No vehicles on site
Groningen City Centre: Popn. 16,500
Groningen City Centre 1 km
Princesshay, Exeter 120 apartments 23 parking places No vehicular access
Carfree Association for London: Public Meetings in September www.carfree.org.uk
www.stevemelia.co.uk Click on: Research Papers
1.How can your Transition Town reduce transport energy dependency in your town? 2.ONE STEP you intend to take Group Discussion:
Tom Rye, Professor of Transport Policy and Mobility Management Transport Research Institute Napier University Edinburgh Transports contribution to GHG.
1 6 Energy efficient transport 6 Moving sustainably.
Innovation: User Support Terminals. Built around existing integration terminals Combine social services, shopping, banking, etc. Provide service access.
Tackling the Environmental Impact of Transport Presentation by David Jamieson MP to the Institute for Public Policy Research Wednesday 15th October 2003.
Bike It – Increasing cycling to school Paul Osborne School Travel Director, Sustrans May 2009.
Mobility Management in Low Carbon Cities ECOMM Conference Graz, Austria 6 May 2010 ECOMM Conference Graz, Austria 6 May 2010 Arjen Jaarsma.
Donostia – San Sebastián, 15 th May Donostia – San Sebastián 15 th May City of Graz World Heritage since 1999 European Cultural Capital City.
Sutton Town Centre and Cheam Village Business Travel Networks
How to increase walking and cycling ECOMM 2008 Workshop Paul Curtis & Jorg Kastelic 5 June 2008.
A cross-sectoral approach to mobility management and climate change Stephen Potter Professor of Transport Strategy The Open University.
Smarter Choices – changing travel behaviour through soft policies Dr Sally Cairns Senior Research Fellow TRL and UCL ECOMM 2005:
Encouraging Car Free Leisure How to influence visitor behaviour A presentation by Olivia Morris – Policy and Campaigns Officer October 2005.
Towards sustainable transport: Focus on freight Nina Renshaw Transport and Environment Open Days, Brussels, 7 October 2008.
Physical activity and the environment Implementing NICE guidance January 2008 NICE public health guidance 8.
Sustainable Travel Survey the results…. Travel survey We received 3,161 responses –44% Staff –43% Undergraduates –13% Postgraduates.
The University of Edinburgh: Transition Edinburgh University.
How LRT affect Kayseri Feyzullah GUNDOGDU Kayseri Light Rail System Fixed Installation Manager
Waterfront Transit Oriented Development Bay Area Symposium on Waterfront Transit Oriented Development June 23, 2006.
New York, 1st March 2010 Railways and Sustainable Development Henning Schwarz Head of Unit Sustainable Development.
Implementing world best practice ideas for car-free Sheffield Professor SC Lenny Koh The University of Sheffield Management School.
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