Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

THE MORAL PROOF FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD. There are THREE possible explanations 1. Morality stems from God 2. Morality comes from the way we understand.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "THE MORAL PROOF FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD. There are THREE possible explanations 1. Morality stems from God 2. Morality comes from the way we understand."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE MORAL PROOF FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD

2 There are THREE possible explanations 1. Morality stems from God 2. Morality comes from the way we understand the world 3. Morality depends on the needs of society

3 1. Morality stems from God Hugh Parry-Owen thinks that morality points to God. If you have a command There must also be a commander. So morality must point to a God!

4 1. Morality stems from God Cardinal Newman Conscience The inner voice which guides our behaviour. The inner voice that reminds of our guilt and shame That is God

5 2. Morality comes from the way we understand the world Immanuel Kant Kant didn’t think you could logically prove God exists. He felt there had to be a God but that was because of the way he understood people and the world around him.

6 2. Morality comes from the way we understand the world Kant believed in the fairness of the universe Everyone seeks complete happiness and virtue that’s the Summum Bonum for those that know about it Because everyone seeks it, it must be achievable. In our life on earth it is not achievable though. So there must be a life after death where the will be a God.

7 2. Morality comes from the way we understand the world For Kant then God is a sort of spin off from morality. If you hold that the universe is fair If you accept that everyone seeks virtue and happiness – the Summum Bonum. Then God is a sort of inevitable consequence. Kant’s phrase – God is a postulate of practical morality

8 3. Morality depends on the needs of society Emile Durkheim Morality is nothing to do with God. It is an essential part of society. He also thought religion was an important part of society. It encouraged people to behave well.

9 3. Morality depends on the needs of society Sigmund Freud Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis He didn’t believe in God, so he doesn’t link God and morality Morality comes from within us – it’s our super ego (but that’s not good)

10 3. Morality depends on the needs of society Freud believed we have deep subconscious desires such as sex and aggression. These are self destructive and totally against what society would allow So our conscious mind imposes on these primitive instincts a controlling influence and a sense of moral obligation.

11 3. Morality depends on the needs of society So morality is our conscious mind imposing itself on our primitive instincts. This super-ego strives to ensure that we live moral controlled lives.

12 1. Morality stems from God (Owen) 2. Morality comes from the way we understand the world (Kant) 3. Morality depends on the needs of society (Freud) That’s it folks all you need to know about the moral argument.


Download ppt "THE MORAL PROOF FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD. There are THREE possible explanations 1. Morality stems from God 2. Morality comes from the way we understand."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google