Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

MFN and NT in the EU and the USA regional trade agreements - tools for discriminative or equal treatment? Magdalena Słok-Wódkowska, Ph. D. University of.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "MFN and NT in the EU and the USA regional trade agreements - tools for discriminative or equal treatment? Magdalena Słok-Wódkowska, Ph. D. University of."— Presentation transcript:

1 MFN and NT in the EU and the USA regional trade agreements - tools for discriminative or equal treatment? Magdalena Słok-Wódkowska, Ph. D. University of Warsaw

2 Regional trade agreements concluded by the EU and USA – general remarks Number of RTAs concluded and notified at the WTO Not all RTAs concluded by the EU are still in force Time of conclusion Areas covered by concluded RTAs Different reasons and goals of closer economic integration

3 SignatoryAssociationType of agreementConclusionEIA Y/N TurkeyYCustom Union1996N CARIFORUMY/NEPA2008Y AlgieriaYEuromediterranean2002N* EgyptYEuromediterranean2001N* IsraelYEuromediterranean1995N* JordanYEuromediterranean1997N* LebanonYEuromediterranean2002N* MoroccoYEuromediterranean1996N* TunisiaYEuromediterranean1995N* Columbia i PeruNFTA2012Y KoreaNFTA2010Y MexicoNFTA2000Y ChileYAssociation2002Y Central AmericaYAssociation2012Y CameroonY/NInterim EPA2009N East and Southern AfricaY/NInterim EPA2009N Ivory CoastY/NInterim EPA2009N Pacific countriesY/NInterim EPA2009N Bośnia i HercegowinaY/NInterim SAA2008N AlbaniaYSAA2006Y MacedoniaYSAA2000Y MontenegroYSAA2010Y SerbiaYSAA2008Y South AfricaNTrade Development and Cooperation1999N

4 SignatoryType of agreementConclusionEIA Y/N CAFTA - DR FTA 2004 Y Israel FTA 1985 N NAFTA FTA 1992 Y Jordan FTA 2000 Y Chile FTA 2003 Y Singapore FTA 2003 Y Australia FTA 2004 Y Morocco FTA 2004 Y Bahrain FTA 2005 Y Colombia FTA 2006 Y Oman FTA 2006 Y Peru FTA 2006 Y Panama FTA 2007 Y South Korea FTA 2007 Y

5 MFN in relation trade in goods Normally do not included Two exceptions related to custom valuation (EU-Mexico) and balance of payment (USA – Israel) EPAs asymmetric, more favourable treatment clauses

6 NT in relation to trade in goods Invoking GATT’s article II and its interpretative notes but with different technique „any like, directly competitive or substitutable goods” – USA’s RTA and EU – Peru and Colombia „federal country clause” UE - South Korea agreement

7 MFN and NT in relation to trade in services USA grants NT and MFN to cross border trade in services and investments – „in like circumstances” – Services suppliers, investors and investments – Scope of NT and MFN in annexes Merged MFN and NT in EU’s SAAs Repeated article XVI of the GATS in the EU’s agreements with Mexico, Chile, CARIFORUM and Central America – Separately cross border supply and „establishment”

8 Are MFN and NT used for discrimination or equal treatment? Clearly discriminative MFN clauses in EPAs Very often confirm previous obligations from GATT and GATS – How about details in annexes? – How it implies the WTO DSB competences? Some influances of agreements conluded with USA can be found in the EU’s RTAs with american states


Download ppt "MFN and NT in the EU and the USA regional trade agreements - tools for discriminative or equal treatment? Magdalena Słok-Wódkowska, Ph. D. University of."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google