Presentation on theme: "A very short introduction to R Pia Wohland. R is… -A statistical software -Programming language -Free! -Very good in handling and manipulating data sets."— Presentation transcript:
A very short introduction to R Pia Wohland
R is… -A statistical software -Programming language -Free! -Very good in handling and manipulating data sets -very comprehensive, easy to learn -large community, with many contributors -well supported mailing list -additinal packages written by users -Works with command line but some graphical user interfaces (GUI) available: R-Commander, Rpad, SciViews-R Info on R Download software
Graphics Maps Create your own functions See an example in the Practical this afternoon! Statistics Manage your data
R under windows > Command prompt
You can type your commands directly at the command prompt (>) or you can use the Editor window. The advantage of the editor is, you can save your script straight away.
> help() # opens help > help.start() # opens R-Documentation in a browser window > help(command) # shows help on “command” > ?command # shows help on “command” > library() # Shows which packages are loaded? > library(help="graphics") # Shows help for package “graphics” For example > ?plot Help youRself....
Package the command belongs to How to use What arguments, and their default settings
Always examples at the bottom Links to related subject
Essentials: R is case sensitive! (beware auto correction) Decimal separator `.´ not`,´ Character strings are placed in “ “ Where are my data? To find out in which directory R is working: getwd() To change the directory: setwd(“pathname”) Caution: setwd(“C:\\SummerSchoolPracticals“) setwd(“C:/SummerSchoolPracticals“) When importing your own data: best no spaces in header ,71828