Presentation on theme: "Education in New EU Member States providing clarity. releasing potential."— Presentation transcript:
Education in New EU Member States providing clarity. releasing potential
The Bologna Process -Pan-European reform of higher education Main aim: to establish a European Higher Education Area by 2010 The 1999 Bologna Declaration established six aims: -Adopt a system of easily readable and comparable degrees -Adopt a system with two main cycles (Undergraduate / graduate) -Establish a system of credits (such as ECTS) -Promote mobility of students -Promote European co-operation in quality assurance -Promote European dimensions in higher education Participating countries (2007) Albania Georgia Norway Andorra Germany Poland Armenia Greece Portugal Austria Holy See Romania Azerbaijan Hungary Russian Federation Belgium Iceland Serbia Bosnia- Herzegovina Ireland Slovak Republic Bulgaria Italy Slovenia Croatia Latvia Spain Cyprus Liechtenstein Sweden Czech Republic Lithuania Switzerland Denmark Luxembourg Turkey Estonia Malta Ukraine Finland Moldova United Kingdom The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Montenegro France Netherlands Albania Georgia Norway Andorra Germany Poland Armenia Greece Portugal Austria Holy SeeRomania Azerbaijan Hungary Russian Federation Belgium Iceland Serbia Bosnia- Herzegovina Ireland Slovak Republic Bulgaria Italy Slovenia Croatia Latvia Spain Cyprus Liechtenstein Sweden Czech Republic Lithuania Switzerland Denmark Luxembourg Turkey Estonia Malta Ukraine Finland Moldova United Kingdom The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Montenegro France Netherlands Rejected countries/entities: Kyrgyz Republic, North Cyprus, Israel, Kosovo
Countries Bulgaria (2007) Romania (2007) Poland (2004) Estonia (2004) Latvia (2004) Lithuania (2004) Hungary (2004) Slovakia (2004) Slovenia (2004) Czech Republic (2004) Cyprus (2004) Malta (2004) Croatia (candidate)
Bulgaria 1989 End of one party communist rule Lev pegged to the Euro Economic development Slow modernisation of education
Tertiary Education Specialist in.. –Vocationally / professionally oriented –Two / three year course Bachelor degree (Bakalavr) –Academic and professionally oriented courses –Minimum four years duration Master’s degree (Magistr) –Five year course or one year post Bachelor –Specialist professional / academic award Doctor
Changes in Bulgarian HE system According to the last amendments to the Higher Education Act (May 22, 2007) holders of “Specialist in...” qualification enjoy the rights of the Professional Bachelor (3-year program with 180 ECTS credits) in Bulgaria.
Changes in Bulgarian HE in 2007 “Specialist in …”
Romania 1989: Execution of Ceauşescu and overthrow of communist government Economy improving, transformed into one of macroeconomic stability 1990’s development of new education laws and reforms 2004-2005: Bologna reforms adopted (with effect from 2005) 2007: Enters the EU
Secondary & Post-Secondary Education Compulsory Education (Gymnasium) - Certificat de Capacitate Arts and Trades Schools (Arte şi Meserii) Secondary School - Diploma de Bacalaureat - High School Education (Liceu) - Diploma de Absolvire in a Scolii Profesionale - Professional Schools Post-Secondary - Diploma / Certificat de Absolvire a Scolii Postliceale (Diploma / Certificate of Graduation from Post-Secondary Schools)
Certificate of Completion of the High School without Baccalaureate Examination
Certificate of Vocational Qualification (new format)
Technical and Vocational Levels Framework levelCompetence level of holder 1 Worker - able to apply knowledge in occupations characterised by routine and predictable tasks 2 Qualified worker - able to undertake tasks for occupations involving non- routine work requiring responsibility and teamwork 3 Technician/foreman - able to perform mainly technical tasks fully independently and may require some supervisory duties 4 Higher technician - able to undertake tasks of a professional nature in occupations requiring decision-making, supervisory and team-making, although it may not require the scientific knowledge and mastery of the subject 5 Professional - able to carry out tasks of a complex nature requiring a high level of responsibility involving problem solving and management of staff and resources.
Tertiary Education Undergraduate –Diploma de Absolvire –Diploma de Licenta –Diploma de Conversie Profesionala * Postgraduate –Diploma de Master –Diploma de Studii Aprofundate –Diploma de Doctor