Presentation on theme: "The UK physical activity guidelines for early years and the benefits of physical activity for this age group."— Presentation transcript:
The UK physical activity guidelines for early years and the benefits of physical activity for this age group
UK physical activity guidelines UK-wide (joint CMOs) Global evidence of the health benefits Life course Includes sedentary Recommended amount for general health benefit Apply to all
Why the need for UK physical activity guidelines for the early years? New evidence available Follow lead of other major countries Previous children and young people guidelines not appropriate for early years
UK physical activity guidelines: Early years 1 Guideline 1 (infants who cannot yet walk unaided) Physical activity should be encouraged from birth, particularly through floor- based play and water-based activities in safe environments.
Types of physical activity: Non-walkers 1 Guideline 1 Crawl, roll, play on floor ‘Tummy time’ New movements using large muscle groups Reaching for and grasping objects, pulling, pushing and playing with other people ‘Parent and baby’ swim sessions
UK physical activity guidelines: Early years 1 Guideline 2 Children of pre-school age who are capable of walking unaided should be physically active daily for at least 180 minutes (3 hours), spread throughout the day.
Types of physical activity: Walkers 1 Guideline 2 Unstructured, physically active play Energetic play Develop motor skills (locomotor, stability and object control) Active travel and everyday activities
UK physical activity guidelines: early years 1 Guideline 3 All under-fives should minimise the amount of time spent being sedentary (being restrained or sitting) for extended periods (except time spent sleeping).
Sedentary behaviour 1 Sedentary behaviour refers to a group of behaviours that occur whilst sitting or lying down and that typically require very low energy expenditure. Research is at an early stage and consequences are not fully understood. A risk factor for poor health independent of physical activity.
Minimising sedentary behaviour 1 Guideline 3 Reducing time spent in highchairs, infant carriers or buggies. Reducing time spent in front of the TV or other screens. Replacing motorised travel with active travel all or part of the way.
Active children… Active adults ? Physical activity patterns established in the early years persist at a moderate level into the primary school years Establishing a high level of physical activity early on in life may have implications for activity levels in later childhood and beyond
Impact of physical activity on whole child 1 Health and wellbeing Improves cardiovascular health Promotes healthy weight Enhances bone and muscular development Develops motor skills, movement and co-ordination Improves cognitive development Supports learning of social skills Improves self-confidence
Impact of physical activity on the whole child 2-4 Health and wellbeing Essential component for energy balance and weight control. Higher levels of inactivity are associated with increased levels of obesity. Critical role in the brain development of young children.
Impact of physical activity on the whole child Cognitive ‘thinking’ Creativity and discovery Problem solving skills Good listening skills Enhanced memory skills
Impact of physical activity on the whole child Physical development Stamina Strength Mobility Motor skills
Impact of physical activity on the whole child Personal, social and emotional outcomes Fair play Co-operation Language and communication Confidence Optimism Resilience Sense of self belief Behavioural flexibility
Key messages: Early years 1 Frequency: daily Intensity: no specific intensity Time: at least 3 hours Type: physically active play
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