Presentation on theme: "Day 1: Government´s strategy instruments in Finland"— Presentation transcript:
1Day 1: Government´s strategy instruments in Finland Virpi Einola-Pekkinen
2Government structure in Finland There are 12 ministries in Finland.Each ministry is, within its mandate, responsible for the preparation of issues that fall within the scope of the Government and also for the proper functioning of administration.Ministries’ mandates are laid down in the Government Rules of Procedure and their duties in decrees issued on the ministries.The ministries together employ about 5,000 people.
3Ministries Prime Minister's Office www.vnk.fi/english Ministry for Foreign Affairsformin.finland.fi/englishMinistry of JusticeMinistry of the InteriorMinistry of DefenceMinistry of FinanceMinistry of Education and CultureMinistry of Agriculture and ForestryMinistry of Transport andCommunicationsMinistry of Employment andthe EconomyMinistry of Social Affairs and HealthMinistry of the Environment
4The Government’s Employees per Administrative Branch, April 2010 04/2010President’s office88Prime Minister’s office271Ministry for Foreign Affairs1 573Ministry of Justice9 646Ministry of the Interior15 841Ministry of Defence16 071Ministry of Finance13 180Ministry of Education and Culture3 561Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry5 323Ministry of Transport and Communications2 334Ministry of Employment and the Economy13 143Ministry of Social Affairs and Health3 882Ministry of the Environment1 022In total85 935
5The Government’s policy in Finland is based on the Government Programme, the tool whereby the Government strives to meet the great challenges facing FinlandThe cornerstones of the Programme are: an economic strategy taking account of the requirements set byGlobal competition and the ageing populationReforms of social security and publicly funded welfare services that improve people’s social security and well-being andResponsible climate and energy policy.The objective of economic policy is toaccelerate the growth of productivity andto increase employment.
6Government Programme and the Budget The constitution requires the Government to establish the Government Programme and to present it to the Parliament as a report.The Government Programme defines the main lines of fiscal policy.In the Government Programme are included the fiscal policy rules and targets and spending limits for the electoral period. The budget proposal is drawn up in accordance with these guidelines.
7The Finnish programme management reform Programme management is a new policy coordination method at the centre of the Government and consists of three main elements:a limited number of intersectoral Government policy programmesthe Government Strategy Document process andthe Government’s mid-term policy-review sessions.aims at more horizontal and strategic policymaking and ensuring effective implementation of the Government’s political agenda.
9Intersectoral policy programmes agreed in the Government Policy programme for employment, entrepreneurship and worklifePolicy programme for health promotionPolicy programme for the well-being of children, youth and families.In addition a number of subject areas under special monitoring:climate and energyknow-how and innovationsrevision of administrationrestructuring of local government and servicessocial security, social exclusion and social security reformpreparing for ageingsecurityand Finland’s international position.
10The main objective of programme management reform was to strengthen the strategic capacity of the central government by concentrating on the horizontal political priorities.The reform aims at more strategic and horizontal policymaking and stronger political steering as well as simultaneously ensuring an effective horizontal implementation of the Government’s political agenda.As part of programme management reform it has been of utmost importance to closely link the Government Programme monitoring process to the Government budgetary process. The most important issue is that the schedules of the two main processes of the Government are annually linked together.
11These overall objectives can be broken down into more specific objectives as follows • To improve the Prime Minister’s possibilities to manage and monitor horizontal Government policies and actions.• To strengthen individual ministers’ possibilities to participate in the collective work of the Government.• To enhance effective and well-functioning coordination within the central administration.• To profit from modern management tools, based on networking, both administratively and politically.
12Management structure of policy programmes Each policy programme is led by a coordinating minister, and ministerial groups have been appointed to plan the programme and to monitor its implementation.The ministerial groups consist of ministers whose mandates are linked with the programme themes. The coordinating ministers are assisted by full-time programme directors in the coordinating minister’s ministry.For more detailed preparation and monitoring, each programme has a management group consisting of civil servants from the ministries that are relevant in view of the programme objectives. The management group supports and assists the programme director.
13Government Strategy Document the Government issued a Resolution on 5 December 2007enhances the means available to the Government for promoting, steering and monitoring the implementation of the Government Programmeespecially in matters requiring intersectoral cooperationemphasises the indicators used in monitoring the implementation of the Government Programme.
14The main objectives of the programme are to ensure that people’s work input is utilised as fully as possiblethat substantial improvements can be achieved in the productivity of work and in the quality of worklife at Finnish workplaces during the coming decades, andthat entrepreneurship and enterprise growth gain more appeal.One example: POLICY PROGRAMME FOR EMPLOYMENT, ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND WORKLIFE