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Intro to Music History. 6 Periods of Music History (Ancient) – Doesnt really count (Ancient) – Doesnt really count Medieval Medieval Renaissance Renaissance.

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Presentation on theme: "Intro to Music History. 6 Periods of Music History (Ancient) – Doesnt really count (Ancient) – Doesnt really count Medieval Medieval Renaissance Renaissance."— Presentation transcript:

1 Intro to Music History

2 6 Periods of Music History (Ancient) – Doesnt really count (Ancient) – Doesnt really count Medieval Medieval Renaissance Renaissance Baroque Baroque Classical Classical Romantic Romantic Modern Modern

3 Ancient Period This term refers to the music of the Ancient civilizations (Greece, Rome, Babylon, Mesopotamia, et cetera. This term refers to the music of the Ancient civilizations (Greece, Rome, Babylon, Mesopotamia, et cetera. Very little is known about the music of these civilizations, but it is certain that music played a part in their lives. Very little is known about the music of these civilizations, but it is certain that music played a part in their lives. How can historians know anything about music from these cultures? How can historians know anything about music from these cultures?

4 Medieval Period 800 – 1300 C.E. 800 – 1300 C.E. Music was very simple. Music was very simple. Gregorian Chant Gregorian Chant Monophony vs. Polyphony Monophony vs. Polyphony Beginnings of Notation – all handwritten Beginnings of Notation – all handwritten

5 Medieval Notation

6 Renaissance Renaissance Period – C.E. Renaissance Period – C.E. All music can be broken down into two main divisions Sacred and Secular All music can be broken down into two main divisions Sacred and Secular Sacred – having to do with religion Sacred – having to do with religion Secular – having nothing to do with religion Secular – having nothing to do with religion

7 Renaissance Each division had different types of music. Each division had different types of music. How did musicians make a living? How did musicians make a living? Famous Composers: William Byrd, Giovanni di Palestrina, Claudio Monteverdi, Josquin Desprez. Famous Composers: William Byrd, Giovanni di Palestrina, Claudio Monteverdi, Josquin Desprez.

8 Baroque Baroque Period C.E. Baroque Period C.E. Music Theory had advanced a lot since ancient times Music Theory had advanced a lot since ancient times Major Composers – J.S. Bach, Antonio Vivaldi, and G.F. Haendel Major Composers – J.S. Bach, Antonio Vivaldi, and G.F. Haendel

9 Bachs own Handwriting

10 Baroque Notation Printing While the notation style is still not the same as todays, the printing press made music much more readable than ever before.

11 Classical Classical Period – C.E. Classical Period – C.E. Music Theory and instruments were mostly formed by now to our modern standards. Music Theory and instruments were mostly formed by now to our modern standards. Major Composers – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Joseph Haydn Major Composers – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Joseph Haydn

12 Romantic Romantic Period – C.E. Romantic Period – C.E. Musicians making a living on their own now. Musicians making a living on their own now. Major Composers – Ludwig von Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Peter Tchaikovsky, Johannes Brahms Major Composers – Ludwig von Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Peter Tchaikovsky, Johannes Brahms

13 Modern Modern Period – 1900 C.E.– Present Modern Period – 1900 C.E.– Present Classical music led to the development of popular music. Jazz, Blues, Rock, Hip-Hop Classical music led to the development of popular music. Jazz, Blues, Rock, Hip-Hop In the 1900s popular music became the dominant style of music. In the 1900s popular music became the dominant style of music.

14 Modern Classical Music Classical music still exists in todays music world Classical music still exists in todays music world It is not as popular with younger generations as pop music is. It is not as popular with younger generations as pop music is. Modern classical is very different than the music it came from. Modern classical is very different than the music it came from. Three different ways that classical music still exists. Pop classical, Retrospective classical, and new classical. Three different ways that classical music still exists. Pop classical, Retrospective classical, and new classical.

15 Modern Classical Classical Music in the 20 th century has many different styles. Classical Music in the 20 th century has many different styles. Neo-classicism, atonality, serial music, electronic music, et cetera. Neo-classicism, atonality, serial music, electronic music, et cetera. Important Composers: Copland, Stravinsky, Schönberg. Important Composers: Copland, Stravinsky, Schönberg.

16 References Pictures Pictures Chant Manuscript - Chant Manuscript - William Byrd – William Byrd – Giovanni Plestrina – Giovanni Plestrina – Claudio Monteverdi – Claudio Monteverdi – Josquin Desprez – Josquin Desprez – J.S. Bach - J.S. Bach - weekly.ahram.org.eg/2000/511/cu1.htmweekly.ahram.org.eg/2000/511/cu1.htm G.F. Händel – G.F. Händel – Bach Manuscript – Bach Manuscript – Sacred Music Magazine – Spring 2006 Sacred Music Magazine – Spring 2006

17 References Pictures Pictures W.A. Mozart – W.A. Mozart – F.J. Haydn - F.J. Haydn - L.V. Beethoven - L.V. Beethoven - J. Brahms - facstaff.uww.edu J. Brahms - facstaff.uww.edu F. Schubert – F. Schubert – P.I. Tchaikovsky - P.I. Tchaikovsky - A. Copland - A. Copland - I. Stravinsky – I. Stravinsky – A. Sch önberg - A. Sch önberg -


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