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Working Together to Safeguard and Protect Children Delivered by BSCB Training Team 12 th and 13 th June 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Working Together to Safeguard and Protect Children Delivered by BSCB Training Team 12 th and 13 th June 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Working Together to Safeguard and Protect Children Delivered by BSCB Training Team 12 th and 13 th June 2014

2 Welcome and housekeeping Fire Toilets Mobile phones and tablets Refreshments/lunch orders Timetable Learning Objectives

3 Training Aim: To provide participants who work with children and their families with an opportunity to learn in a multi-agency environment about the key principles of safeguarding and protecting children.

4 Objectives: To be able to contribute to and promote children’s welfare e.g. through assessment, planning, participation in core groups, planning groups, conferences and decision making. To acquire sound understanding of processes for effective working together. To be able to communicate and develop working relationships in the interests of children. Be aware of some of the key changes that are taking place

5 Time keeping: Start on time, finish on time Networking: Talk to new people Any Others? Look after yourself Learning Agreement Confidentiality: What is shared in the room stays in the room (few exceptions) Knowledge: We all have different experiences thus different knowledge, (No such thing as a silly question) Responsibility: You have a role to play in training. You will get out what you put in Disagreement: it is OK not to agree, but listen and respect others point of view The purpose of all BSCB training is to improve safeguarding practice, thereby improving outcomes for children.

6 Introductions Please introduce yourself Your name Your organisation and your role One thing that gives you satisfaction at work What your main hope is from attending the training

7 Roles and responsibilities of key professionals in the safeguarding processes

8 Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 4 UniversalVulnerableComplexAcute All children within Blackpool and who are routinely in receipt of community services. Assumes backdrop of universal Education and Health service Disadvantaged children who would benefit from extra help - to make the best life chances. Services operating at a preventative level. Children whose vulnerability is such that they are unlikely to reach or maintain a satisfactory level of health or development. Children at risk of significant harm / or has suffered abuse and for whom there is continued risk. Thresholds

9 Blackpool Safeguarding Children Board Objectives: To coordinate what is done by each person or body represented on the Board for the purposes of safeguardingand promoting the welfare of children in the area of the authority by which it is established; To ensure the effectiveness of what is done by each such person or body for those purposes; Sect 13 Children Act 2004 The focus is on children most at risk of serious harm’

10 The legal context for Safeguarding Children Children Act 1989 Framework for Assessment 2000 Education Act 2002 Children Act 2004 Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 Working Together to Safeguard Children 2013 (Guidance) Blackpool Child Protection Procedures

11 The Children Act 1989 The Act started from the principle that the responsibility for raising children rests with families, and for most children their interests are best served by enabling them to grow up with that family. Local Authorities have a duty to safeguard and promote the welfare of the child The Local Authority has a duty to protect children from abuse or harm within the family Agencies are required to work together for the protection and well-being of children (s.27)

12 A period of change

13 Victoria Climbié Died aged 8 in Feb 2000 Physical, emotional, sexual abuse & neglect Great Aunt & Partner were found guilty of murder and sentenced to life imprisonment in 2001 Victoria moved countries & areas, had contact with many different agencies Haringay CSC Dept took Victoria off CP Register on the day she died Laming identified 12 key occasions when services could have successfully intervened

14 Peter Connelly Had a broken back, cracked ribs, numerous cuts and bruises Not safeguarded despite the fact that he had been put on the Child Protection Register and had 60 contacts with health and social work professionals and police over eight months

15 Peter Connelly Mother’s cooperation with professionals and appointments, positive response to offers of help, and her own frequent initiations of contact, led to a high level of trust in her. Need for: Constant vigilance Open and inquisitive approach, regardless of any assumptions from previous assessments

16 ‘Thinking the unthinkable’ ‘Adults who deliberately exploit the vulnerability of children can behave in devious and menacing ways. They will often go to great lengths to hide their activities from those concerned for the wellbeing of the child’. ‘Child Protection cases do not always come labelled as such’. Lord Laming

17 Daniel Pelka ‘…the practitioners involved were not prepared to ‘think the unthinkable’ and tried to rationalise that the evidence in front of them did not relate to abuse.’ ‘If practitioners were not prepared to accept that abuse existed for Daniel, then they would not see it.’

18 Lord Laming report into the death of Peter Connelly (2009) Keeping the child at the centre of your work Engaging in effective training and supervision (one to one) No need for further legislative change Practitioners to understand their roles and responsibilities Children and young people get support as early as possible Share information, assess risk and make decisions effectively together

19 Serious Case Reviews (SCRs)- a key driver for child protection practice Carried out when abuse & neglect are known or suspected factors when a child dies (or is seriously injured or harmed) & there are lessons to be learnt about interagency working to protect children

20 Serious Case Reviews (SCR) SCRs and other case reviews should be conducted in a way which: Recognises the complex circumstances in which professionals work together to safeguard children; Seeks to understand precisely who did what and the underlying reasons that led individuals and organisations to act as they did; Seeks to understand practice from the viewpoint of the individuals and organisations involved at the time rather than using hindsight; Is transparent about the way data is collected and analysed; and Makes use of relevant research and case evidence to inform the findings.

21 Serious Case Reviews - Local These are managed by BSCB Case Review Sub Group Child ‘B’ age almost 13 (at time of incident) Sexual messages - SCR completed 2008 Implications in respect of children and young people who display sexually harmful behaviour. Potential ‘child on child’ abuse needs greater emphasis in training. Child ‘F’ a baby who died whilst in the care of a family member; the cause of death was established as overlay There were a number of missed opportunities for agencies to work together and share information All agencies must ensure that assessments, monitoring and support include fathers as routine. Please refer to SCR PAN LANCASHIRE NEWSLETTER in your handout pack

22 Daniel Pelka Opportunities to protect must be taken Domestic abuse should be understood Sole reliance on parents explanations may leave children at risk Direct engagement with the child is essential Patterns of behaviour rather than incidents Record keeping (reports/key actions) is central to practice Facial injuries – view with concern and in context of other information

23 Daniel Pelka Systems in place to ensure collation of concerns Total reliance on medical evidence alone can leave children at risk Think the unthinkable – consider child abuse as a cause Balance optimism with evidence Do not assume others have acted – check it out

24 Serious Case Reviews Things we need to learn from national analysis

25 SCRs and children with disabilities Support needs to be tailored to the needs of the child Closer links between the safeguarding workers and workers specialising in working with children with disabilities Specific training for safeguarding children with disabilities Robust safeguarding training for organisations specialising in working with children with disabilities Clear communication (with child and family and between agencies) New Learning from Serious Case Reviews, 2012

26 Final Report of the Munro Review Key points: The child's journey One assessment process Early intervention Greater freedom to develop own approaches Strengthen supervision, recognise pressures and dilemmas SCR Systems methodology Strengthen LSCBs

27 Working Together 2013 Statutory guidance on the function of Local Safeguarding Children Boards and how agencies should work together to safeguard children Child centered and a focus on outcomes One assessment process Learning and Improvement Framework New guidance on the conduct of SCRs Child death reviews

28 Some of the worst failures of the system have occurred when professionals have lost sight of the child…’ Keep the child in focus



31 Coffee break

32 Integrated Working The Jigsaw!

33 Aims and Objectives To further develop a better understanding of common language, which includes the concept of ‘a team around the child’ (integrated working). To improve the common understanding of the different professional responsibilities within the Common Assessment Framework. To enhance the importance of sharing information. This information might be specific only to you or your agency and thus vital to the completion of the ‘jigsaw’.

34 Activity: What are the significant key indicators and events for your agency? Is your level of concern high, medium or low? What further information would you require to meet the needs of the child and family?

35 Jigsaw Extended family HealthPolice Voluntary Agencies Children’s Services Education

36 “…it is only when information from a range of sources is put together that a child can be seen to be in need or at risk of harm.”

37 Information sharing

38 Recognising the uncertainty many of you have about sharing information, particularly outside your own setting, the first cross government guidance on this subject has been published, Information Sharing: Practitioner’s Guide integratedworking/a /information-sharing

39 Victoria Climbié Ian Huntley Lauren Wright Gary Glitter Jimmy Savile Daniel Pelka What happens if information is not shared?

40 The Children Act 1989 uses the concept of significant harm to justify the compulsory intervention in family life in the best interests of the children. The local authority is under a duty to make enquiries where it has reasonable cause to suspect a child is suffering significant harm. Significant Harm


42 ‘Data Protection Disaster’ Police chief admits Huntley error The Chief Constable of Humberside has told the Bichard Inquiry he was ‘wrong’ to claim Ian Huntley’s police record was deleted because of the Data Protection Act Humberside police did not share with Cambridgeshire police four accusations of rape against Huntley, and one of indecent assault on an 11year old girl, because of data protection

43 Lauren was starved and physically abused for months and eventually died This abuse was in full view of various professionals (including doctors and school staff) Moved from Hertfordshire were she was on the Child Protection Register, to Norfolk, but Norfolk SSD not told of her arrival in their area As a result of the failings in this case section 175 of the Education Act 2002 was implemented, clearly defining the responsibilities of all professionals to safeguard children Lauren Wright

44 International arrangements A campaign led by NSPCC has resulted in a government crackdown which restricts the movement of sex offenders overseas and allows the authorities to remove their passports. Under the MAPPA arrangement convicted sex offenders (such as Gary Glitter) are required to sign the sex offenders register and remain under supervision for the rest of their lives, including notifying police if they leave the area for more than a few days. This information will need to shared to reduce the abuse of children both here and overseas.

45 Sharing Information Knowing when and how to share information is not always easy – but it is important get it right “ the data protection act is not a barrier to sharing information, but is in place to ensure that personal information is shared appropriately. This guidance is welcome as it sets out a framework to help practitioners share information both professionally and lawfully” Richard Thomas, Information Commissioner

46 How and when do we share information?

47 Confidential information is: Personal information of a private or sensitive nature; and Information that is not already lawfully in the public domain or readily available from another public source; and Information that has been shared in circumstances where the person giving the information could reasonably expect that it would not be shared with others. Information Sharing: Guidance for practitioners and managers 2009:p15

48 why information needs to be shared who will see their information the purpose to which their information will be put the implications of sharing that information Consent Consent must be ‘informed’. The person giving consent should understand: HM Government (2006) What To Do If You’re Worried A Child Is Being Abused. Department for Education and Skills, London. Appendix 3

49 Consent Consent can be: explicit – obtaining explicit consent is good practice; can be expressed orally or, preferably, in writing implicit e.g., when a patient agrees to a GP making a referral to a specialist, the patient is also agreeing to the sharing of information with that specialist. (also a Common Assessment) HM Government (2006) What To Do If You’re Worried A Child Is Being Abused. Department for Education and Skills, London. Appendix 3

50 Seven key questions about information sharing 1 1.Is there a clear and legitimate purpose for sharing information? 2.Does the information enable the person to be identified? 3.Is the information confidential? 4.If so, do you have consent? Information Sharing: Guidance for practitioners and managers 2009:p12

51 Seven key questions about information sharing 2 5. If consent is refused, is there sufficient public interest to share the information? 6. Are you sharing the information correctly and securely? 7. Have you properly recorded your information sharing decision? Information Sharing: Guidance for practitioners and managers 2009:p12

52 You could… contribute a vital piece of the jigsaw to prevent the death of a child be the first link in the chain to offer support to a family in crisis


54 Safeguarding Levels of concern

55 Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is defined as: protecting children from maltreatment; preventing impairment of children's health or development; ensuring that children grow up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care; And taking action to enable all children to have the best outcomes. Working Together to Safeguard Children 2013 What is Safeguarding?

56 Every Child Matters Outcomes These aspects of safeguarding contribute to the five outcomes: Stay safe Be Healthy Enjoy and achieve Make a positive contribution Achieve economic well being

57 Maltreatment A person may abuse or neglect a child by inflicting harm or failing to act to prevent harm Children and young people may be abused in a family or an institutional or community setting by those known to them or, more rarely by a stranger

58 Significant Harm There is no absolute criteria for identifying significant harm. It is necessary to consider: The nature of the harm The impact on the child’s development The child’s development within the context of their family and wider environment.

59 Harm is defined in the Children Act 1989 as: Ill treatment (including sexual abuse and physical abuse) Impairment of health(physical or mental) or development as compared to that of a similar child Harm now includes the impairment of a child’s health or development as a result of witnessing the ill treatment of another person(Adoption and Children Act 2002) Significant Harm

60 Any special needs such as a medical condition, communication impairment or disability that may affect the child’s development and care within the family The capacity of the parents to adequately meet the child’s needs The wider environmental context The child’s reactions, wishes, feelings according to age and understanding. Significant Harm - 2

61 Children in Need Children whose vulnerability is such that they are unlikely to reach or maintain a satisfactory level of health or development or That their health or development will be significantly impaired, without the provision of services

62 Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 4 UniversalVulnerableComplexAcute All children within Blackpool and who are routinely in receipt of community services. Assumes backdrop of universal Education and Health service Disadvantaged children who would benefit from extra help - to make the best life chances. Services operating at a preventative level. Children whose vulnerability is such that they are unlikely to reach or maintain a satisfactory level of health or development. Children at risk of significant harm / or has suffered abuse and for whom there is continued risk. Thresholds

63 Groupwork Activity For each case scenario, decide if the child is: in need in need of safeguarding neither Why have you decided this? What do you think should happen next?

64 Children’s Services new front door

65 Remember Recording Recommendation 12 Frontline staff in each of the agencies which regularly come into contact with families with children must ensure that in each new contact, basic information about the child is recorded. This must include the child’s name, address, age, the name of the child’s primary carer, the child’s GP and the name of their school if they are school age. Gaps in this information should be passed on to the relevant authority in accordance with local arrangements. The Victoria Climbie Inquiry 2003

66 Blackpool Children, Adult and Family Services FROM REFERRAL TO CHILD PROTECTION

67 Restructure of the Service May 2011 Still have 3 localities. Teams are: Duty & Assessment 1 & 2 South 1& 2 North 1&2 Central 1&2 Catalyst Awaken

68 Thresholds for referrals to Social Services Child in Need (Section 17, Children Act 1989) Child Protection (Section 47, Children Act 1989) See revised Blackpool Child Protection procedures on line ‘Thresholds’ now often referred to as ‘Eligibility for Intervention’

69 Section 17, Children Act 1989 Child in Need: Unlikely to achieve a reasonable standard of health and development without the provision of additional services by the Local Authority Health or development likely to be impaired without services Disabled

70 Duty of every Local Authority: To safeguard and promote the welfare of children within their area who are in need So far as is consistent with that duty, to promote the upbringing of such children by their families By providing a range of services

71 REFERRALS and Parental Consent Section 17 Honesty and transparency Members of public (only) have right to confidentiality The assessment will address your concerns Ongoing work will require consent Must seek consent before making a referral

72 Parental consent (cont) You do not need to seek consent if there is evidence to suggest risk to the child which may result in further harm, OR – To do so may prejudice a potential criminal investigation (physical abuse, sexual abuse or criminal neglect)

73 What if consent is refused Section 17 Continue to support and monitor under the CAF Refer if concerns suggest possible significant harm Discuss way forward with the locality Duty Social Worker and your own supervisor Request joint visit with the locality team Climbie enquiry highlighted the importance of the above

74 Section 47, Children Act 1989 Duty to investigate possible significant harm (see online procedures) Possibly in conjunction with the Police Decision to undertake a section 47 investigation taken at a strategy meeting/discussion Outcomes May lead to Child Protection Conference

75 CONTINUED State what kind of referral it is Be specific about current concerns Distinguish between fact and hearsay Use bullet points Record carefully any disclosure but do not question the child Explain action taken to date in relation to the CAF process


77 What to do when the CAF is completed Child in Need referral: Post or fax to Football Stadium, Seasider’s way Child Protection referral: Telephone then follow up in writing using the CAF If unsure telephone Duty Social Worker for advice

78 CAF FORM Give as much detail as possible about household members (who has PR?) Dates of birth are essential if available If referring more than one child please fill in a form for each of them The CAF is the only mechanism for referral

79 Response sheet Allocated – section 47 Allocated – Initial Assessment Awaiting allocation Referred direct to… Family sent details of relevant support services No action, but information would be logged Recommendation that the referrer undertakes a CAF

80 Initial assessment: Gathers information about a child’s development needs Parents’ capacity to meet these needs Family and environmental factors Information analysed Decision made as to action needed Contributing to an Assessment You may be asked for information about the family, including personal/sensitive data

81 Analysis of information gathered Recommendations: Services required, e.g. Children’s Centre, housing or benefits assistance – a child and young persons plan is drawn up identifying actions Emergency accommodation required Begin a Section 47 inquiry if is felt that the child may be at risk of significant harm. Direct to other agencies No further action

82 Core Assessment In depth assessment Is the means by which a section 47 investigation is completed May incorporate specialist information Normally completed in 35 days Is triggered by a section 47 enquiry

83 Ongoing Work with Families Care proceedings Child becomes ‘looked after’ LAC Strategy meeting Convene a Child Protection Conference Family support Section 17 basis Referral to other agencies

84 And Finally – Child Protection in Blackpool Referrals – 2819 for one year (from 01/04/ /03/2012) Blackpool has one of the highest rates of referrals in the country Children LAC 434 in March Children subject to CP Plans in March 2012

85 CONTINUED Assessments – 2075 Initial Assessments (over 95% of all referrals lead to IA) 1700 Core Assessments (All figures for one complete year from 01/04/ /03/2012)

86 Referral Forms Link on the BSCB website for the referral forms and where to send them to. m/chapters/p_referral_social_care.html

87 Tea break Back in 15 minutes

88 Police Role in Child Protection Detective Inspector Nick Connaughton

89 Public Protection Unit (PPU) Child Protection Team Domestic Abuse Team Child Sexual Exploitation Team (Awaken) Missing Persons Rape Team (Op Aquamarine) Teams are co-located with Children’s Social Care counterparts at Blackpool Football Club

90 Child Protection Team INVESTIGATE Sexual abuse Physical abuse Neglect WHERE THERE IS A family relationship A carer relationship A position of trust relationship BETWEEN THE VICTIM AND THE OFFENDER AT THE TIME OF THE OFFENCE ALL SEXUAL ABUSE TOWARDS CHILDREN IS NOW INVESTIGATED BY PPU TEAMS

91 Referral Process Strategy discussion Joint decision Joint investigation Interview with child PPO/EPO Targeted services Family background Assessments Family Court Liaison with other agencies Key Worker Core Group Police Medical/forensic evidence Arrest/interview offender Charge/RIC/Bail Bail pending further enquiries Court Conviction/acquittal

92 Examples Mother of three young children gone missing with them whilst intoxicated. Home conditions amongst the worst seen – all found and mother subsequently convicted of child neglect x3 Father of 3-month old baby convicted of child neglect following the baby being found deceased after co-sleeping with the parents Couple sent to prison for neglect for keeping their son in what amounted to a cell at night

93 Examples continued Teacher sent to prison for abuse of position of trust by engaging in sexual activity with at least one of her pupils Man sent to prison for 39 months assaulting one month old baby left in his care by the mother (his partner). Baby suffered fractures to legs and other bruising.

94 Physical abuse May involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates or induces illness, or deliberately causes ill health to a child in their care

95 Medical Examination Why are they necessary? To ensure a child’s condition is medically assessed and treatment given as appropriate To reassure the child as to their well being To obtain an assessment about possible indicators of abuse To ensure that any injuries or signs of neglect are noted for evidential purposes To secure forensic evidence

96 Medical Consent Forensic medical examination only carried out with consent of child – if capacity to give Or with consent of parent/carer with parental responsibility If refuse consider Child Assessment Order/EPO

97 Who is managed through MAPPA? Category 1 - Registered Sexual Offenders Category 2 - Violent Offenders (and other sexual offenders) Category 3 - Other Dangerous Offenders

98 Managing Allegations Amanda Quirke

99 Allegations of abuse against professionals Procedures for dealing with allegations should be followed where it has been alleged that a member of staff has: behaved in a way that has harmed a child, or may have harmed a child; possibly committed a criminal offence against or related to a child; behaved towards a child or children in a way that indicates s/he is unsuitable to work with children. (Safeguarding Children & Safer Recruitment in Education – 2007)

100 E-safety How safe are you when working and socialising with new technologies?

101 LADO contact details Contact details are published on website Amanda Quirke is the Local Authority Designated Officer for BSCB. Tel: (01253)

102 Child Abuse Identification of child abuse is almost always arrived at through the piecing together of a number of factors. Therefore abuse can not be identified by ticking a check list. ‘Some of the worst failures of the system have occurred when professionals have lost sight of the child…’ Working Together 2006

103 Working Together to Safeguard Children provides a framework for all professionals to protect children and promote their welfare. Keeping children safe and promoting their wellbeing is clearly a responsibility for us all ……….. Lord Laming 2009

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