The y are the descendants of Turkish nomads from Central Asia and the many ethnic groups that inhabited the former Ottoman Empire. Today the term “Turk” commonly refers to citizens of the Turkish Republic and represents a national rather than an ethnic identity. WHO ARE TURKS? 2
Most Turks are Muslims but the Turkish Republic is a secular state. Turks are the heirs to the cultural traditions of the Ottoman Empire as well as to the democratic ideals of Ataturk and the West. WHO ARE TURKS ? 3
Istanbul is the only city in the world located on two continents, Asia and Europe. Founded in 659 B.C., it was the capital of the Eastern Roman and Ottoman Empires since 330 A.D. TÜRKİYE 4
Two of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, The Temple of Artemis and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, are in Turkey. 6
Piri Reis was a Turkish military rank akin to that of captain) was an Ottaman admiral, geographer and cartographer born between 1465 and 1470 and died in 1554 or 1555. 10 TÜRKİYE
11 Well-known historical figures such as King Midas of the golden touch, Herodotus, the father of history., St. Paul the Apostle, and Omar Khayyam, the Persian poet came from Asia Minor, the part of Turkey now called Anatolia.
TÜRKİYE 12 Leonardo Da Vinci drew designs for a bridge over the Golden Horn. It was never built.
TÜRKİYE St. Nicholas, who became popular as Santa Claus, was born in Demre on Turkey’s Mediterranean Coast. 13
TÜRKİYE The last home of Virgin Mary is believed to be in Selçuk (Ephesues) Turkey. 14
TÜRKİYE According to legend, Noah’s Ark landed on Ağrı Dağı (Mount Ararat) in Eastern Turkey. Asure in at least seven kinds of grain, known as Noah's ship ate dinner. Asure is a very popular dessert in Turkey. 15
Fatih Sultan Mehmed was Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (Rum until the conquest) for a short time from 1444 to September 1446, and later from February 1451 to 1481. At the age of 21, he conquered Constantinople and brought an end to the Byzantine Empire, absorbing its administrative apparatus into the Ottoman state. 17 TÜRKİYE
Mehmed continued his conquests in Asia, with the Anatolian reunification, and in Europe, as far as Belgrade. Mehmed II is regarded as a national hero in Turkey, and his name has been given to Istanbul's Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge. 18 TÜRKİYE
Come, come, come again, whoever you are come 21 TÜRKİYE
SEVEN ADVICE OF MEVLANA In generosity and helping others be like a river In compassion and grace be like sun. In concealing others’ faults be like night In anger and fury be like dead In modesty and humility be like earth In tolerance be like a sea Either exist as you as you are or be as you look 22 TÜRKİYE
TÜRKİYE 27 Since 1952, Turkey has been a member of NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization).
Turkey has been continuing by getting one more step closer with the membership negotiations that started in September 2005 in the European Union membership period. TÜRKİYE 29
Turkey provides 70% of the world’s hazelnuts. The nut in your chocolate bar was most likely grown in Turkey. 30 TÜRKİYE
31 TÜRKİYE Turks gave dutch their famous tulips. Turks gave dutch their famous tulips. Turks introduced coffee to Europe Turks introduced coffee to Europe
Women in Turkey were given the right to vote and be elected to public office in 1934, well before these rights were granted to Swiss women. 33 TÜRKİYE
Turkey has the richest maritime history among other countries. Today three are hundreds of scuba diving areas being protected by Turkish government. 34 TÜRKİYE
Turkey is the only democratic, secular nation in the world with a majority of its population being of The Islamic faith. 35 TÜRKİYE
Turkey is the first only country to establish a “Children’s Day”. Every year, on April 23, the country rededicates itself to honoring and cherishing children and the freedom and independence of all people. 36 TÜRKİYE