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Expect the unexpected An example of how unanticipated fragmentation behaviour could preclude correct assignment of sites of metabolism Stephen W. Holman.

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Presentation on theme: "Expect the unexpected An example of how unanticipated fragmentation behaviour could preclude correct assignment of sites of metabolism Stephen W. Holman."— Presentation transcript:

1 Expect the unexpected An example of how unanticipated fragmentation behaviour could preclude correct assignment of sites of metabolism Stephen W. Holman 8 th September 2008

2 22 Outline Project background Experimental Results and discussion Conclusions Acknowledgements

3 33 Project background Based upon Wright et al., RCM, 2005, 19, Radical losses observed from sulfoxides Allows rapid and definitive identification of site and type of metabolism Aim is to identify similar interpretation tools Paper published in RCM, 2008, 22,

4 4 Experimental Solutions prepared in HCOOH:MeOH (0.1:99.9, v/v) or CH 3 COOD:MeOD (1:99, v/v) –1o µg mL -1 for QIT-MS experiments (LCQ Classic) –1 µg mL -1 for FT-ICR-MS experiments (Apex III) Direct infusion at 3 µL min -1 into ESI source Product ion spectra of [M + H] + or [M + D] + acquired 4

5 5 Compounds analysed 5 Parent compoundS-oxidised metabolite

6 66 1 st gen. prod. ion spec. of protonated parent compound

7 [M + H – 62 m/z units] [M + H – 62 m/z units] + 1st gen. prod. ion spec. of protonated metabolite

8 8 Proposed mechanism for the loss of 62 m/z units

9 Additional peak st gen. prod. ion spec. of fully exchanged, deuterated metabolite Additional peak Two nominally isobaric ions One loses all the exchangeable hydrogen atoms One loses one exchangeable hydrogen atom

10 10 Proposed mechanism for the loss of 62 m/z units

11 No mass shift 326 All deuterium atoms are lost Ions are nominally isobaric, so both loss the tertiary amine group One loses primary amine  loss is C 2 H 10 N 2 One retains primary amine  loss is C 2 H 8 NO 1 st gen. prod. ion spec. of protonated hard deuterium labelled metabolite analogue No mass shift

12 12 1 st gen. prod. ion spec. of protonated metabolite using FT-ICR-MS

13 13 Summary of product ions and losses C 17 H 23 N 2 O 4 S 2 + C 15 H 13 O 4 S 2 + C 15 H 15 NO 3 S 2 + C 2 H 10 N 2 C 2 H 8 NO

14 14 Proposed mechanism for loss of C 2 H 10 N 2

15 15 Molecular model of proposed product ion structure at m/z

16 16 Proposed mechanism for loss of C 2 H 8 NO ·

17 17 Molecular model of proposed product ion structure at m/z

18 18 1st gen. prod. ion spec. of protonated metabolite

19 19 Protonation at tertiary amine m/z 323 formed via m/z 340 i.e. m/z 321 with two exchangeable hydrogen atoms formed via protonation at tertiary amine and loss of dimethylamine Hydroxyl radical loss involves a non-exchangeable hydrogen atom m/z 321 not formed via m/z 340 i.e. m/z 321 with no exchangeable hydrogen atoms does not protonate at the tertiary amine 2 nd gen. prod. ion spec. of fully exchanged, deuterated metabolite [M + D – 46 m/z units] + * * = 17 m/z units [M + D – 63 m/z units] + Absence of product ion at m/z 321 m/z 323 m/z [M + D – 46 m/z units] + [M + D – 63 m/z units] + Absence of product ion at m/z m/z units

20 20 Conclusions S-oxidation can significantly change the fragmentation of a compound Fragmentation under CID conditions difficult to predict Extensive experimentation required to fully understand dissociation Can not assign site of metabolism confidently without rigorous analytical approach HDX experiments particularly useful for determining sites of protonation and elucidating different dissociation pathways

21 21 Acknowledgements John Langley, University of Southampton Pat Wright, Pfizer Global Research and Development Julie Herniman, University of Southampton Louisa Wronska, University of Southampton 21

22 22 Thank you for your attention Any questions? 22


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