The population of the Republic of Hungary: 9.999.000 The overwhelming majority (over 97%) of the population is Hungarian (Magyar), the official language is Hungarian. The official language of instruction is Hungarian, but a number of ethnic and national minorities (e.g. German, Romanian, Slovenian, Serb and Croatian) have minority educational institutions with their own languages as first or second language of instruction at primary and secondary level of teaching. Education is compulsory between the ages of 5 and 16.
Parliamentary elections were held on 11 April and 25 April 2010 in Hungary Instead of the former Ministry of Education now The Ministry of National Resources is responsible for culture, education, health, social sport portfolios in the government. Minister: Miklós RéthelyiState Secretary For Education: Rózsa Hoffmann
Reforms will be introduced in the Hungarian higher education system in 2011. an increase in funding the introduction of stricter entrance requirements to universities a reduction in the teacher-to-student ratio fewer student representatives on university decision-making bodies ' The target is not to enhance the absolute number of diplomas, but to increase the number of those university graduates who can be useful on the job market' the ministry stated.
A lot were closed between 1985-1990. More than 60 % were withered on purpose. The staff were sent to pension or to another field of work. In the past 10-15 years there is a struggle for justification of existence. The trade union has an important role in the lobby activity. Purpose is to ensure the provision and workplaces to help and support the tasks of families in bringing up the children.
Number of Créches: more than 500 Number of employees: 4000 Main function: professional daily care, education, development
From 1986 there have been a lot of efforts made to: ensure equal opportunities for SEN children realise and provide extra services beyond basic ones promote their welfare and interests improve the support they receive put stress on the importance of early education and development to meet and fulfil various family demands
The first nursery in Europe was founded in Hungary on 27 tt May 1828 by Countess Theresa Brunszvik (1775-1861) in her residence in the city of Buda under the name of Angelgarden (Angyalkert). children age of 2-7 taken care on daily basis taught different basic skills and knowledge the concept was reproduced more nurseries opened all over the Hungary became a popular institution among the nobility and the middle class
A group of small children of the nursery. End of 1800’s
Hungary is one of the first countries to institute early-childhood schooling. Important integrated part of the school system for children from 3 to 6 or 7 years of age. Participation is optional, except for the final year (beyond age 5), which is compulsory. Is a place that develops artistic abilities. Provides pre-school activities, meals, excursions etc. Teaches children short poems, folkloric songs, drawing, writing, counting etc. The profession is reserved mostly for women. Arrive 7 a.m. and collected at around 3 pm or later by parents. The Hungarian-system is famous and respected worldwide.
Developing basic skills and knowledge through creative play, social interaction, and sometimes formal lessons
1996 was the great millennium of the founding of the first Hungarian school. Monks arrived for the call of Géza, the Grand Prince of Hungarians, Stephen’s father King I. Saint Stephen founded monasteries for Benedictine monks. The first school: Pannonia, on Saint Martin hill, built in 996. The monastery’s monks helped King Stephen in his work to establish the Hungarian Kingdom. Géza, Grand Prince of the Magyars (945 – 997) I. Saint Stephen King (969- 1038)
Elementary school, 1838 Kunszetmárton, Hungary. Beginning of 19th century Villages Catholic and Protestant church - one school beside one church. teaching basic religious elements with basic moral studies educating a new generation of the future priests Ploughmen, having lands, could afford their children to go to school. Only a few attended. Others worked at home on the lands. Towns Every major town had a Latin school. The citizens’ children could acquire basic literacy
Elementary school 1-6 year-pupils 1936 Class photo 1950
Primary education - first stage of compulsory education Major goals: achieving basic literacy and numeracy Establishing foundation science, mathematics, geography, history and other social sciences. school-maturity, (6th birthday or 7th if they were born after May 31). Primary education can last for 4, 6 or 8 years. 8-year education is the most widespread; the other two options were introduced in the early 1990s.
placed in classes Form teacher(s) responsible for education and welfare assisted by specialist teachers in certain subject areas notable feature: continuity with single teacher: close relationship with the class
The average class size in the primary schools 19 pupils. The pupils in schools are in classes led by a form- master/mistress. The regulations define the maximum number of pupils per class as 26 (grades 1-4) 30 (grades 5-8) 35 (grades 9-13). The classes are co- educational and are made up of pupils of the same age.
Pupils are assessed by the teachers throughout the school year (written and oral tests). In grade one, pupils in difficulty cannot be made to repeat the year. all pupils must be assessed in written, individual analysis, expanding the traditional numeric (scale 1-5). It is possible to make the pupil repeat a year at each grade, however, during the first 3 years it is only possible with the consent of the parent and no numeric marking is done. All schools are required to elaborate a comprehensive evaluation and assessment regulation based on the consensus of teachers, maintainers and parents.
from 1st to 5th grade: literature, grammar, mathematics, music, art, physical education, environmental studies from 6th grade: biology from 6th grade: geography from 5th grade: history from 6th grade: history of art, physics from 7th grade: chemistry from grade 1 or 4 to 8 one or two foreign languages- usually English, German or French
0 14 yrs6 years12 yrs3 years 4-YEAR GRAMMAR SCHOOL/SECONDA RY SCHOOL 6-YEAR-GRAMMAR SCHOOL 10 yrs18 yrs 8-YEAR-GRAMMAR SCHOOL PRE-SCHOOL PRIMARY EDUCATION SECONDARY 21 yrs23 yrs 25 yrs HIGHER EDUCATION
Normally at the end of elementary school (at age 14) students are directed to one of three types of secondary education: one academic track (grammar school) and two vocational tracks. Vocational secondary schools provide four years of general education and also prepare students for the matura exam. These schools combine general education with some specific subjects education.
After finishing secondary school, students take a school-leaving exam, the Matura or final exam. This consists of exams on five subjects: written exam in mathematics, oral and written exams in literature and grammar, a foreign language, history, written and/or oral exam in a subject of the student's choice.. These exams also serve as an entry exam to universities and colleges.
VET has a key economic function in up-skilling and integrating young people into the labour market and in providing high quality technical skills. These schools combine general education with some specific subjects, referred to as pre-vocational education and career orientation. At that point many students enrol in a post-secondary VET programme often at the same institution, to obtain a vocational qualification, although they may also seek entry to tertiary education.
Many of the grammar and secondary schools have begun to teach a foreign language and IT in the first year. This is called ‘language preparatory class’ or simply 0 grade. It was introduced because of the great demand for speaking more than one language and for entering higher education studies Preparatory class students finish grammar school at the age of 19, or when they complete year 13. In language preparatory classes students are prepared for the maturity taken in their final year 13th.
Students are placed in classes with one teacher who is responsible for their education and welfare for that year. The continuity with a form-teacher and the opportunity to build up a close relationship with the class is a notable feature. keeps record on students’ performance and achievements helps the children to get better results together with specialised teachers of different subjects keeps contact with parents on regular basis (parent-teacher meeting), as well as the subject teachers deals with personal problems of individual children organises extra-curricular activities (outings, cultural events, special occasions, etc.)
CLASS 9/B Language Preparatory Class MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFriday 8.00-8.45ENGLISHGERMANCIVICSENGLISHGERMANENGLISHITMATHS 8.55-9.40ENGLISHGERMANIT CONTROLGERMANENGLISHGERMANENGLISHGERMAN LESSON WITH FORM TEACHER 9.50-10.35MATHSENGLISHGERMANENGLISHITENGLISH IT CONTROL ENGLISHGERMAN 10.50-11.35 COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES ENGLISHGERMANIT LEARNING TO LEARNITGERMAN 11.50-12.35 IT CONTROL GERMANITGERMANIT IT CONTROL COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES PE 12.50-13.35IT ENGLISHITPE ---- 13.45-13.30----PE ----
MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFriday 8.00-8.45 MATHSENGLISH HUNGARIAN GRAMMAR MATHS ECONOMY AND LOW BIOLOGYMARKETING 8.55-9.40 ENGLISHGERMANENGLISHMATHSMARKETINGHUNGARIAN LITERATURE 9.50- 10.35 ENGLISHMATHSBIOLOGYITALIANMATHS GERMANHISTORY 10.50- 11.35 ECONOMY AND LOWMATHSGERMANITALIANGERMANECONOMY AND LOWITALIAN ENGLISH 11.50- 12.35 PE HISTORY ECONOMY AND LOW MATHSENGLISH GERMAN 12.50- 13.35 HUNGARIAN LITERATURE LESSON WITH FORM TEACHER ARTENGLISHMARKETING - - 13.45- 13.30 MARKETINGHISTORYECONOMY AND LOWMARKETINGENGLISH - - CLASS 12/B Language Preparatory Class
Vocational training schools: two years of general education some pre-vocational education career orientation. Students do not obtain the matura but a vocational qualification. Demand has declined because of increasing demand for upper secondary schools delivering the maturata. Students choose an occupation and receive two or three years of vocational education and training - such as a bricklayer
0 14 yrs6 years12 yrs3 years10 yrs18 yrs PRE-SCHOOL PRIMARY EDUCATION SECONDARY BA BSC MA MSC MA MSC PHD 21 yrs23 yrs 25 yrs HIGHER EDUCATION
THE FIRST HUNGARIAN UNIVERSITY In 1367 Louis the Great founded the first Hungarian university in the city of Pécs. The modern University of Pécs was founded on 1 January 2000 through the merger of Janus Pannonius University, the Medical University of Pécs and the Illyés Gyula Teacher Training College of Szekszárd
Jane Goodall visited the University of Pécs on 12 November 2010. Her lecture in the newly built Knowledge Centre was a huge success, hundreds of people wanted to see her. JANE GOODALL VISITS THE UNIVERSITY OF PÉCS
September 2006 The Bologna system is introduced in Hungary Opportunity to pursue students’ studies in adynamically developing, convertible European higher educational system.
THE THREE OBJECTIVES OF THE BOLOGNA PROCESS INTRODUCTION OF THE THREE CYCLE SYSTEM: A BASIC TRAINING PROGRAMME (BA, BSC), A MASTER LEVEl PROGRAMME (MA, MSC), LEVEL DOCTORAL (PHD, DLA) PROGRAMME. QUALITY ASSURANCE RECOGNITION OF QUALIFICATIONS AND PERIODS OF STUDY.
Higher education institutions: public and private universities and colleges accredited and formally recognised by the state non-university institutions university level institutions institutions provide higher vocational training courses Budapest Technical University
The secondary school leaving certificate is required by all institutions for entrance to higher education. Certain higher education courses impose stricter selection criteria for admission. Additional criteria may be required (for example, a certificate in foreign languages, a specialisation, a qualification, etc.). Corvinus University, Budapest
Diplomas have a two-fold function and incorporate academic and vocational qualifications. Non university education courses in college: college certificate after 3 or 4 years Universities and other university- level institutions: university degree after a four to six-year course. A higher vocational qualification: at the end of 2 years of non-university vocational higher education after having passed the higher professional examination. Dunaújváros College
The universities offer a broad range of training and degree programmes, ensuring high-level knowledge-transfer and research.
Due to the credit system, an increasing number of Hungarian students participate in international study programmes as an integral part of their education.
Universities are developing their programmes within the area of life-long learning. In addition, the universities attach great importance to training in the colleges for advanced studies.
0 14 yrs6 years12 yrs3 years CRECHE NURSERY PRIMARY 1ST CYCLE PRIMARY 2ND CYCLE PRIM. 2ND CYCLE 4-YEAR GRAMMAR SCHOOL/SECONDA RY SCHOOL 6-YEAR-GRAMMAR SCHOOL 10 yrs18 yrs 8-YEAR-GRAMMAR SCHOOL PRE-SCHOOL PRIMARY EDUCATION SECONDARY BA BSC MA MSC MA MSC PHD 21 yrs23 yrs 25 yrs HIGHER EDUCATION