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CONSTITUTIONS OF TURKEY. What is the most important part of democracy  Republic  Elections  Government  Constitution.

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Presentation on theme: "CONSTITUTIONS OF TURKEY. What is the most important part of democracy  Republic  Elections  Government  Constitution."— Presentation transcript:

1 CONSTITUTIONS OF TURKEY

2 What is the most important part of democracy  Republic  Elections  Government  Constitution

3 Constitutional Movements in Ottoman Empire  Sened-I İttifak  Tanzimat Fermanı  Islahat Fermanı

4 The Constitution Of 1921 (Teşkilat-ı Esasiye) ConstitutionCodeRegulations

5  Constitutions are created with some methods that different than basic laws, yet this constitution was established by the assembly using the same methods with basic laws.

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7  It has only 23 articles and only 10 of them were about organization of government. Madde 21- Nahiye bir veya birkaç köyden mürekkep olduğu gibi bir kasaba da bir nahiyedir.

8  Proclomation of Turkish Republic  Abolition of the Caliphate

9 The Constitution Of 1924  First Grand National Assembly made their last meeting at 15 April 1923  Second Grand National Assembly established the republic

10  Because of the changes of the type of government a new constitution was required

11  The Assembly abolished 1876 and 1921 constitutions, it created supremacy of constitutions with its 103. article.  It shows the religion.language,and the capital city of the country.It set the national sovereignty as 1921.

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13  In 1937 the six main principles of the Republican People Party programme republicanism, nationalism, populism, statism, secularism, and reformism took part in constitution as basic qualities of the state.

14 Republic of Turkey first experienced multiple political parties election in this constitution’s period.

15 The Constitution Of 1961  In 1950, Democrat Party won the election, after 10 years military coup was made. Republic of Turkey’s prime minister and two of his ministers were executed.

16  Military government made a new constitution in 1961, according to it National Grand Assembly divided two parts; National Assembly and Republic Senate

17  The constitution of 1961 has some new articles about president of republic; could be choosen for seven years and only one time.

18  One of the most important article was about constitutional court. First time in our republic history a court that could supervise the laws whether convenient with constitution or not, was established.

19 The Constitution Of 1982  12 September 1980 Military took over government again and created a new constitution.

20  1982 constitution set The State Supervisory Council ( Devlet Denetleme Kurumu) and High Education Board (Yüksek Öğretim Kurulu)

21  Casuistic especialities  Enforced executive power, it gives more authority to President of Republic  Republican Senate was abolished with this constitution and National Grand Assembly became single assembly again

22 QUESTIONS  Which Constitution created supremacy of constitution first time in Turkey?

23  Which Constitution created supremacy of constitution first time in Turkey?

24  Which constitution wasn’t convenient with the hierarchy of norms?

25  Which constitution wasn’t convenient with the hierarchy of norms?

26  Which one is not an especiality of the constitution of 1924? A) It shows the religion, language, and the capital city of the country. B) It created the supremacy of constitution first time. C) The Constitutional Court was founded with this constitution. D)Republic of Turkey experienced multiple political parties election in this constitution’s period first time.

27  Which one is not an especiality of the constitution of 1924? A) It shows the religion, language, and the capital city of the country. B) It created the supremacy of constitution first time. C) The Constitutional Court was founded with this constitution. D)Republic of Turkey experienced multiple political parties election in this constitution’s period first time.

28 MEHMET ÖMER KESİLMİŞ


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