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Elective Demand Management in Pennine Lancashire Dr Malcolm Ridgway Vice Chair of Blackburn with Darwen CCG A celebration of those ‘light bulb moments’

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Presentation on theme: "Elective Demand Management in Pennine Lancashire Dr Malcolm Ridgway Vice Chair of Blackburn with Darwen CCG A celebration of those ‘light bulb moments’"— Presentation transcript:

1 Elective Demand Management in Pennine Lancashire Dr Malcolm Ridgway Vice Chair of Blackburn with Darwen CCG A celebration of those ‘light bulb moments’ that are transforming patient experience and care across the North West [add your organisations logo here]

2 Overview A strategy and action plan has been developed to reduce elective demand management in Pennine Lancashire. The key elements are; Peer review of referrals Education Shared decision making Software decision support Interventions of limited clinical priority Alternative providers (GPwSIs, minor surgery)

3 Referral Management – Pennine Lancs approach Evidence base reviewed (Ben Barr public health) Small group formed from the 2 CCGs (Karen Oddie, Kirsty Slinger, David White, Malcolm Ridgway - chair) Draft strategy produced Refined following joint work with AQUA and the SHA Prioritised implementation plan then produced

4 There is considerable scope to improve the quality of referrals….. The available national evidence on the current quality of referral suggests that: not all referrals are necessary in clinical terms, and a substantial proportion is discretionary and avoidable there are patients who need a referral but may fail to receive one a large number of patients currently referred to secondary care could be seen alternative settings a considerable number of referral letters lack the necessary information there is frequently no shared understanding of the purpose of the referral among the GP, the patient and the consultant the appropriate investigations have not always taken place prior to referral. “ Referral management: lessons for success - The King’s Fund 2010”

5 Referral Management – Key Principles; Referral Demand Management dependant on improved Referral Quality Evidence shows that Peer Review is key to improving Referral Quality; –Review of referral data –Review of referral letters (internally or externally) Any system has to be slick, quick, evidence based, improve referral behaviour, cost effective, sustainable

6 Data Review The is significant variation in referral behaviour between GPs Even allowing for similar demographics and disease prevalence There is variation in the variation eg between specialities You do not know what you do not know

7 Referrals Review Local – within the practice (QP6) External – between practices (QP7) External – Consultant or GPwSI triage Education and timely feedback required to improve quality and change behaviour

8 Grouping potential interventions Potential interventions grouped according to their possible impact and implementation rating (as per AQuA): High /med impact and easier implementation High/med impact but harder to implement Med impact and easy /med implementation Low impact / harder to implement

9 Grouping potential interventions HIGHER IMPLEMENTATION Shared Decision Making Financial Incentives Undifferentiated restrictions on access to low value care Referral Management Centres Clinical Assessment and Triage Clinical Referral Guidelines GP Education Value Based Commissioning Patient Decision Aids Structured referral systems Referral peer review and Feedback LOWER IMPACT EASIER

10 Specific Interventions and the Pennine Lancashire Approach Peer Review and QoF Green Utilisation of updated QoF targets for referral reviews and pathway implementation (elective component) Year 1 –internal practice review and report –Large event for groups of practices to discuss, collated ideas and information, developed the 3 pathways for implementation Year 2 –Internal practice review – different specialities, report to CCG –Practice “groupings” formed to discuss referrals and joint working, report to CCG –Pathways to be developed for implementation

11 Specific Interventions and the Pennine Lancashire Approach Peer Review ctd Consultants and others role – “joint accountability for demand management” Ongoing practice referral review – locums, registrars, nurse practitioners, as part of CPD

12 Specific Interventions and the Pennine Lancashire Approach Structured Referral Systems Green Referral Proformas and Miniguides (electronic) –Lot of work involved in agreeing guidelines and creating the electronic forms – multiple GP systems –“2 minute window” – must be quick and slick –Problems with location, uploading to GP systems, updating etc Map of Medicines? IT referral management systems –RF Pathfinder, Arezzo, MoM, Isabel, McKesson –Issues of integration, time, clunkiness, appropriateness, customisation workload, cost etc –Potentially the “Holy Grail” of the future

13 Specific Interventions and the Pennine Lancashire Approach Shared Decision Making and Decision Aids Green Strong evidence base for effectiveness though harder to implement Decision Aids (Amber) currently on NHSD site eg Hip and Knee OA, Cataract. Medium impact, easy to implement. Informed patients make the decision – usually about interventions Courses for train the trainer in November and into next year – protected time.

14 Specific Interventions and the Pennine Lancashire Approach Advice Services Green? Already integral part of CaB – free! –Intermittently used and supported –Many referrals not now sent via CaB Formalised Advice services –Tariff to be agreed (?£20-30) –Systematic reliable process –Structured advice form/guide – all required data present –Use of CaB to track and monitor –Useful in “complex” specialities eg renal, haematology, cardiology

15 Specific Interventions and the Pennine Lancashire Approach Referral Gateways Red Low impact – deskill and annoy GPs, inconvenience patients, sustainability, cost Reasonably easy to implement – CaB, bespoke software Seen as a “Quick fix” –Early gains - being watched! –Education key for quality improvement and sustainability –Some use referral proformas

16 Specific Interventions and the Pennine Lancashire Approach Advice and Navigation LES Amber? Panel of GPs and GPwSIs – CCG sessional rates 4 specialities - high demand areas and or alternative providers; –General surgery –Rheumatology –Dermatology –Orthopaedics Small payment to practices for increased bureaucracy Advisory only Utilises CaB system – “free”, good reporting, panel can use at home

17 Specific Interventions and the Pennine Lancashire Approach Clinical Referral Guidelines Red Little evidence of efficacy Stored and lost – rarely used sustainably Variable formats - paper, electronic Often out of date – or using older versions Some have referral forms – paper!, variable format Map of Medicines, Mentor? –Clunky –Not quick and slick –Useful for later reference, learning, PDP etc

18 Specific Interventions and the Pennine Lancashire Approach Interventions of Limited Clinical Priority Amber? Lancashire wide initiative “Principles of Commissioning” devised and agreed Wide involvement of public health, GPs, Consultants, Nurses, public Evidence based (NICE, SIGN) or “cosmetic” –Many already in force eg tattoo removal, reversal of sterilisation –Guidance available eg Tonsillectomy, Grommets, Hysterectomy –Complementary therapies –Not an absolute ban – some room for interpretation eg skin tags can be removed if causing “discomfort” –Have to be agreed and implemented by all providers

19 Specific Interventions and the Pennine Lancashire Approach Education Green Golden thread to improve quality and sustainability Part of referral review process Protected Learning Time –BwD has 9 afternoon sessions per year –Strong clinical focus –Curriculum guided by CCG (demand management initiatives, QoF, quality/variation, CPDs)

20 Specific Interventions and the Pennine Lancashire Approach Interventions that are “out” RED!! Financial incentives –DH outlawed –Unethical –Reduce quality –CCGs and GPs open to probity complaints Rationing –Still sufficient “waste” in the system –How do you choose what to ration? Public vs Clinical view? –Issues with inequality and discrimination (smokers, overweight, race, gender etc)

21 Summary Referral Demand Management is about; –Quality improvement –Peer Review –Education –Using the best evidence (clinical and methodology) –Quick and slick processes (2 minute window) –Integrated real time IT decision support probably the future

22 Thank you – Questions? Links; procedures/policies-of-limited-clinical-value/http://www.bwd.nhs.uk/policies-and- procedures/policies-of-limited-clinical-value/ Dr Malcolm Ridgway Clinical Director for Quality and Effectiveness Vice Chair Blackburn with Darwen CCG


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