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Copyright 2007 Thomson South-Western Chapter 4 Financial Decisions and Planning.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright 2007 Thomson South-Western Chapter 4 Financial Decisions and Planning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright 2007 Thomson South-Western Chapter 4 Financial Decisions and Planning

2 Slide 2 Meeting Wants and Needs Basic needs Other needs Wants 4-1 Resources and Choices An expensive car is a product that fills customers’ wants. PR Newswire PORSCHE CARS NORTH AMERICA, INC.

3 Slide 3 Financial Resources Financial resources are money or other assets used to acquire goods and services Many people do not have enough resources to meet all their needs and wants People must decide how to use their scarce resources 4-1 Resources and Choices

4 Slide 4 Personal Income and Expense Statement 4-1 Resources and Choices

5 Slide 5 Personal Balance Sheet 4-1 Resources and Choices

6 Slide 6 Making Financial Choices Buying decisions play an important part in managing your money A trade-off involves giving up a particular benefit or item to get another that you think is more desirable Opportunity cost is the benefit or item you give up (do not buy) 4-1 Resources and Choices

7 Slide 7 Decision-Making Process Define the need or problem List options available Compare the options Make a decision Take action to apply the decision Reevaluate your choices after some time has passed 4-1 Resources and Choices

8 Slide 8 Building Communications Skills Reading Vocabulary Reading is a basic communications skill Your vocabulary is the words you know and understand how to use Improving your vocabulary will help you better understand the material you read 4-1 Resources and Choices

9 Slide 9 Purpose of Budgeting Budget –A spending and saving plan –Based on expected income and expenses –Allows you to compare financial resources with financial needs 4-2 Budgeting A budget can be created using a spreadsheet.

10 Slide 10 Building a Budget Estimate income Plan savings Estimate expenses –Variable expenses –Fixed expenses 4-2 Budgeting Eating at a fancy restaurant is entertainment, a variable expense. Balance the budget

11 Slide 11 Personal Budget 4-2 Budgeting

12 Slide 12 Budget Analysis Income, savings, and expenses will not be exactly as budgeted Differences between planned and actual amounts are called variances –Favorable variances –Unfavorable variances Looking at variances can help you budget better in the future 4-2 Budgeting

13 Slide 13 Budget Variances Report 4-2 Budgeting

14 Slide 14 Recordkeeping Methods Keeping good records will help you prepare better budgets –Manual records –Computerized records You can keep financial records on a handheld computer using programs such as Microsoft ® Money. 4-2 Budgeting

15 Slide 15 Technology Corner Internet Research The Internet can be used to research and compare products and prices Search engines allow you to search using keywords Enter a word or term and click Search. Search Search results provide links to Web pages 4-2 Budgeting

16 Slide 16 Success Skills Dealing With Conflict Conflicts will occur sooner or later When faced with a conflict –Take a time out to consider the situation –State the problem briefly to show that you understand it –Suggest talking later if the other person is angry –Focus on the problem and be objective –Be willing to compromise to reach a resolution 4-2 Budgeting

17 Slide 17 Financial Planning A financial plan contains –Personal goals –Financial goals –Steps to take for achieving goals –A timeline for achieving goals 4-3 Personal Financial Planning

18 Slide 18 One Goal in a Financial Plan 4-3 Personal Financial Planning

19 Slide 19 Financial Planning Process Gather information 4-3 Personal Financial Planning Personal income and expense statements Personal balance sheet Personal budget Current bank account statements Investment account statements Financial contracts Other documents related to your finances Checkbooks Insurance policies Current paycheck stub Tax returns Will Trusts

20 Slide 20 Financial Planning Process Analyze information –Review income and expenses –Review your balance sheet –Consider changing goals or spending habits Set goals –Personal goals –Financial goals 4-3 Personal Financial Planning

21 Slide 21 Financial Planning Process Develop a timeline –Consider how soon you want to achieve each goal –Consider steps must you take to achieve each goal Implement and evaluate the plan –Work toward achieving goals –Review and adjust the plan at least once a year 4-3 Personal Financial Planning

22 Slide 22 Focus on... Phishing Is a type of Internet scam –You are asked by e-mail to provide personal information such as a bank account number –Your data may be used to commit identity theft or other crimes To protect yourself, do not send personal data in reply to e-mails that appear to be from a bank or business 4-3 Personal Financial Planning

23 Slide 23 Ethics Financial Planners and Commission Earnings A financial planner –Provides financial advice to individuals –May also buy and sell products on commission Financial planners are unethical if they buy or sell products just to earn a commission Choose a financial planner you can trust to deal fairly 4-3 Personal Financial Planning

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