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Carbohydrates Pasta Fruit Milk Pasta Fruit Milk Short Term Energy Disaccharide Monosaccharide Starch Polysaccharide Galactose Glucose Maltose Sucrose Fructose.

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Presentation on theme: "Carbohydrates Pasta Fruit Milk Pasta Fruit Milk Short Term Energy Disaccharide Monosaccharide Starch Polysaccharide Galactose Glucose Maltose Sucrose Fructose."— Presentation transcript:

1 Carbohydrates Pasta Fruit Milk Pasta Fruit Milk Short Term Energy Disaccharide Monosaccharide Starch Polysaccharide Galactose Glucose Maltose Sucrose Fructose Cellulose Glycogen Glucose Storage Cell Wall Glucose Storage Foods Found in plants for Means 1 sugar Different levels of complexity Used for Means many sugar Means 2 sugars examples Found in plants for Found in animals for Chitin Exoskeleton Found in arthropods for Glycogen Sugar Starch Sucrose chitin Short term energy storage Fructose Cellulose Disaccharide Cell wall Polysaccharide Structure Energy Galactose Fruit Glucose Lactose 1:2:1 Pasta Exoskeleton Monosaccharide Milk Lactose

2 Lipids Hydrophobic (Which means they do not mix with water) Hydrophobic (Which means they do not mix with water) Phospholipid Bilayer Triglyceride 1. Avacado 2.Butter Avacado 2.Butter Long Term Energy Storage 2. Insulation 3.Protection 4.Chemical Signals 1. Long Term Energy Storage 2. Insulation 3.Protection 4.Chemical Signals Steriods foods All lipids are Are used for 4 groups or classes of lipids are Made of Examples 3 fatty acids Glycerol and Which can be Unsaturated Saturated Solid at room temp, and contains Liquid at room temp and contains Single Bonds Double Bonds Oils Fats have 4 fused rings and makes up Cholesterol Protection Cardiovascular Disease ( Heart attack) Cell Membrane Testosterone Estrogen Used for Hormones Examples If there is too much it can lead to Component of Waxes Hydrophobic Hydrophilic Goes towards the inside away from water Goes towards the outside toward water

3 Lipid word bank: Oils Triglyceride Hydrophobic Steroids Cholesterol Insulation Cell membranes Protection Testosterone Unsaturated Butter Waxes Fatty acids Estrogen Saturated Long term energy storage Hormones Component of cell membrane fats Avacado Phospholipids Bilayer Glycerol Cardiovascular Disease ( Heart Disease) Hydrophobic Tails Cell membrane Hydrophilic Head Chemical Signals Steak

4 Proteins 1. Meat 2.Eggs 3.Dairy 4. Beans. 1. Meat 2.Eggs 3.Dairy 4. Beans. Amino Acids 1. Structure 2. Hormones 3. Enzymes 1. Structure 2. Hormones 3. Enzymes Foods Used for Made up of Proteins Peptide Bonds Which have the following chemical structure(draw) To make polypeptides which can then form Build up by forming these bonds Word bank for proteins: Peptide bonds 20 amino acids Proteins Meat Hormones (chemical signals) Structure (hair and nails) Dairy Eggs Beans Enzymes

5 Test for Organic Molecules Use indicators To Test for Lipids Protein Carbohydrates Glucose Benedicts Heat Orange Iodine Starch Black Purple Buriet Waxy On paper it willMixed with + Positive results Word Bank Biuret Solution Heat for 5 min Orange Proteins Stain red Make it look waxy Purple brown Blue Benedict’s Solution Starch Simple monosaccharaides Iodine Blue/black Lipids Sudan Red


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