2 I. Indian Civilization A. Prehistoric 1. “before written history” 2. Major tribes of Missouri:a. Hopewell (500bc-400 ad)-Mound Buildersb. Mississipian (900AD-1350 AD)c. Osage and Missourian--Farmers and Hunters3. “Missouri”=land of large canoes
5 B. European Settlement 1. French Explorers a. Fr. Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolietb. First written accounts of Missouri exploration (1673)2. French Colonizationa. Robert Cavalier, de la Salle-Claimed Mississippi Valley for France-Called area Louisiana (1682)
8 b. Founding of Ste. Genevieve 1. 1st permanent white settlement2. app. 17303. Louisiana Purchasea. April, 1803b. France sold area west of the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mtns. to the US for $15 millionc. People involved:1. Napoleon Bonaparte2. President Thomas Jefferson3. Robert Livingstone and James Monroe
12 C. Settlement of Missouri 1. Founding of St. Louis (Feb. 15, 1764)a. Pierre Laclede and Auguste Chouteaub. Named the site St. Louis in honor of the French King, Louis IXc. Fur trading post
13 2. 1811—New Madrid earthquake, the worst in US history, occurred (Dec A portion of the Territory of Louisiana became the Territory of Missouri (June 4)The first general assembly of the Territory of Missouri met (Oct. 1)Video
14 D. The Missouri Compromise 1. In 1819, Missouri applied for statehood2. Sparked debate over the status of slavery3. Compromise:a. Missouri admitted as a slave state (12)b. Maine admitted as a free state (12)c. Southern boundary of MO used to divide free states from slave states4. Missouri 24th state on Aug. 10, 1821
17 E. First Government of Missouri 1. First state capitol=St. Charles ( )2. Jefferson City became permanent capital city in 18263. First Governor=Alexander McNair
18 F. Gateway to the West1. St. Louis served as a base for those exploring west.--- Lewis and Clark expedition in 18042. Stephen F. Austin left MO to settle territory of Texas3. Westward expansion trails originated in Missouri
24 2. Bleeding Kansasa. Missouri=slave state Kansas=free stateb. Kansas-Nebraska Act--allowed new states to vote on the issue of slavery (popular sovereignty)c. MO residents attempted to vote illegally in the KS electionsd. Resulted in several bloody attacks between the MO ruffians and the KS settlers led by John Brown.
26 --Battle of Boonville (June 17, 1861) 3. Claiborne Jacksona. was elected Governor of Missouri in 1861b. Pro-Confederacy and attempted to seize the St. Louis arsenal but was defeatedc. Pro-confederate govt. officials driven out of Jefferson City by Union Captain Nathaniel Lyon--Battle of Boonville (June 17, 1861)--Battle of Carthage (July 5, 1861)
27 4. Major Battles a. Wilson’s Creek (Aug. 10, 1861) 1. 1st major battle of the Civil War west of the Mississippi River. (Springfield area)2. Bloody Confederate victoryb. Guerilla warfare ( )1. MO Bushwhackers vs. KS Jayhawkers2. Isolated ambushes3. Bloody Bill Anderson and Quantrill's Raidersc. Battle of Westport (Oct. 23, 1864)--Ended Sterling Price’s raid into northern MO
29 II. Official State Emblems A. State Motto1. “Salus populi suprema lex esto”2. Let the welfare of the people be the supreme law3. Taken from the Roman philosopher, Cicero
30 B. The State Seal 1. Designed by Judge Robert William Wells 2. Adopted by the Missouri General Assembly on January 11, 1822.3. The Center:a. Right Side (US Symbols)Bald eagle with arrows and olive branches“the power of war and peace lies in the hands of the Federal Govt.
31 Judge Robert William Wells, designer of the Missouri State Seal, congressman and Missouri’s attorney general from 1826 to 1836.
32 b. Left Side (State symbols) 1. Grizzly Bear (strength)2. Silver Crescent Moona. symbolizes MO status/growthb. 2nd state created out of the Louisiana territory
33 4. The Shielda. “United We stand, Divided we fall”b. MO’s advantage of being a state in the Union
34 5. Grizzly Bears--symbolize the state's strength and its citizens' bravery6. MDCCCXX (1820)--the year Missouri began functions of a US state7. Helmet and starshelmet=represents state sovereigntystar=Missouri's status as the 24th state.
36 C. The State Flag1. Missouri adopted an official flag on March 22, 19132. Flag consists of:Red stripe represents valorWhite stripe represents purityBlue stripe represents justiceThe coat-of-arms (state seal) is in the center
39 D. The State Animal--Missouri MuleE. State Flower--HawthorneF. State Tree--Flowering DogwoodG. State Insect--Honeybee
40 H. State Bird--Blue BirdI. State Fish--Channel Catfish
41 J. Missouri Day--Celebrated the third Wednesday in October each year
42 K. The State Capitol 1. Jefferson City established in 1826 2. Three different capitol buildings in Jeff Citya. first two destroyed by fireb. Current building finished in 1919 for $4,215,000---The building is 437 feet long, 300 feet wide at its center and 200 feet wide in the wings.
43 3. Famous Statues at the Capitol a. Thomas Jefferson on the south entrance sideb. Ceres=goddess of vegetation on the top of the domec. Louisiana Purchase bronze relief