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Declaration of Independence. In your notebook, write 8 reasons WHY the British would have seen the colonists as rebels instead of patriots.

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Presentation on theme: "Declaration of Independence. In your notebook, write 8 reasons WHY the British would have seen the colonists as rebels instead of patriots."— Presentation transcript:

1 Declaration of Independence

2 In your notebook, write 8 reasons WHY the British would have seen the colonists as rebels instead of patriots.

3 CNN Student News Watch CNN Student News

4 Declaring Independence Video – Declaration of Independence Video Much debate occurred at the Second Continental Congress – Should they declare independence of should they remain loyal? April 12, 1776 – North Carolina adopted the Halifax Resolves declaring independence from Britain and recommending the other colonies do the same. These resolves were read and discussed by the Second Continental Congress

5 The Halifax Resolves list briefly the charges against King and Parliament. – They note specifically that royal governors have armed slaves against their masters. – They point out that attempts at compromise have failed. – Finally, in supporting independence, they insisted that North Carolina should have its own constitution and laws. Joseph Hewes, one of North Carolina’s delegates to the Continental Congress, presented the Resolves to the Congress in Philadelphia. June 1776 – Virginia proposed a resolution for independence and the debate grew stronger A committee was formed to draft a Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson was selected to write it.

6 Now Jefferson and Adams have two completely different versions of what happened then. Adams says: Jefferson proposed to me to make the draught, I said I will not; You shall do it. Oh no! Why will you not? You ought to do it. I will not. Why? Reasons enough. What can be your reasons? Reason 1st. You are a Virginian and a Virginian ough to appear at the head of this business. Reason 2nd. I am obnoxious, suspected and unpopular; you are very much otherwise. Reason 3rd. You can write ten times better than I can. 'Well", said Jefferson, 'if you are decided I will do as well as I can'. Very well, when you have drawnit up we will have a meeting.

7 Jefferson's version is completely different. In a letter to Madison of 1823 he writes: Mr. Adams memory has led him into unquestionable error. At the age of 88 and 47 years after the transactions,... this is not wonderful. Nor should I... venture to oppose my memory to his, were it not supported by written notes, taken by myself at the moment and on the spot... The Committee of 5 met, no such thing as a sub-committee was proposed, but they unanimously pressed on myself alone to undertake the draught. I consented; I drew it; but before I reported it to the committee I communicated it separately to Dr. Franklin and Mr. Adams requesting their corrections;... and you have seen the original paper now in my hands, with the corrections of Dr. Franklin and Mr. Adams interlined in their own handwriting. Their alterations were two or three only, and merely verbal. I then wrote a fair copy, reported it to the committee, and from them, unaltered to the Congress. VideoVideo about Jefferson writing the Declaration of Independence

8 Approving Independence June 28, 1776 – Draft of the Declaration of Independence read July 1-4, Debating and revision of Declaration July 2, 1776 – Congress officially declares independence by unanimously adopting the Lee Resolution July 4, 1776 – officially approved a revised form of Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence July 19, 1776 – Declaration officially printed and inscribed August 2, 1776 – officially signed by most of the delegates (5 signed on a later date) Copies of the Declaration went out to all the states American soldiers celebrated throughout the colonies

9 1.Why does this historian think the Declaration of Independence was written? 2.What evidence can you find to support your answer?

10 1.Why does this historian think the Declaration of Independence was written? 2.What evidence can you find to support your answer?

11 Listening to the Declaration of Independence -declaration-of-independence-read-aloud -declaration-of-independence-read-aloud As you listen, follow along with the readers using one of the versions of the Declaration of Independence on my Moodle site. Once we finish listening, you will need to answer the review questions found on my Moodle site.


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