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Colonization of North America APUSH. The Beginnings, 1480s-90s New Technologies New Technologies –Ships, sails, African exploration Purpose Purpose –3Gs.

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Presentation on theme: "Colonization of North America APUSH. The Beginnings, 1480s-90s New Technologies New Technologies –Ships, sails, African exploration Purpose Purpose –3Gs."— Presentation transcript:

1 Colonization of North America APUSH

2 The Beginnings, 1480s-90s New Technologies New Technologies –Ships, sails, African exploration Purpose Purpose –3Gs or 2Cs –1490s, Exploration & making claims to New World Columbus sails for Portugal, 1492 Columbus sails for Portugal, 1492 Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 Britain claims Nova Scotia, Newfoundland & Great Banks Britain claims Nova Scotia, Newfoundland & Great Banks

3 New Spain: Land of the Conquistador Sought wealth via… Sought wealth via… –Slave Labor –Search for Gold –Plantations St. Augustine, FL (1585) St. Augustine, FL (1585) Sought to Convert the Natives Sought to Convert the Natives –Missions = religious & military outposts –Texas & California –Rigid Class Structure

4 New France: Central North America Sought wealth via… Sought wealth via… –Export Products: Fish & Fur –Plantations –Find faster trade routes Est’d Forts & Settlements Est’d Forts & Settlements –Canada, US, Haiti Sought Peaceful relations Sought Peaceful relations with NAs –Coureurs de bois Used slaves… Used slaves…

5 The Dutch & Swedes The Dutch The Dutch –Fur Trade, W. Indies plantations –NW Passage & Hudson River, 1609 –New Netherlands, 1623 (lNew York) The Swedes The Swedes –Because everyone else was doing it! –New Sweden (Delaware), 1638 –New Stockholm (New Jersey), 16??

6 Thus far all attempts at colonization had been based on one economic system/idea: MERCANTILISM

7 British Colonization: Central Coast of North America Initial Attempt-Roanoke, 1584 Virginia: Jamestown, 1607 –V–V–V–VA Company of London 3 Types of colonies Movement toward private ownership Virginia House of Burgesses, 1619 –R–R–R–Royalized, 1624 Plymouth, 1620 –R–R–R–Religious/Company Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1630 –R–R–R–Religious/Company –J–J–J–John Winthrop’s vision: “A City on A Hill” St. Mary’s City, MD 1634 –C–C–C–Cecil Calvert (aka Lord Baltimore) & his “Maryland Designe” Liberty of Conscience No established religion

8 Early British-Native American Relations Clash over land interests Clash over land interests –Powhatan –1697 Federation (appointed by GB) War War –1st Anglo-Powhatan War –2nd Anglo-Powhatan War –King Phillip’s War

9 Early British-African Relations Example of Anthony Johnson… – –http://www.aaheritageva.org/search/sites.php?site_id=532http://www.aaheritageva.org/search/sites.php?site_id=532 – –http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1p265.htmlhttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1p265.html Why the change? – –We’ll discuss this further next week

10 Exit Slip/Reflection Qs (Answer & turn in later) Identify & explain the three main reasons for colonization Identify & explain the three main reasons for colonization Analyze how Maryland was similar and different from the other British North American colonies. Analyze how Maryland was similar and different from the other British North American colonies. Jot down two things that you learned that were new (things you think may be important) Jot down two things that you learned that were new (things you think may be important)


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