Presentation on theme: "Poetry The words poetry and poem apply to a vast variety of literary forms, both spoken and written. There is so much difference in so many different kinds."— Presentation transcript:
1PoetryThe words poetry and poem apply to a vast variety of literary forms, both spoken and written.There is so much difference in so many different kinds of work considered poetry that it is not easy to nail down a complete definition.
2PoetryPart of the problem is that verse – which is to say, formal writing that is not the prose of novels and short stories – is among the oldest form of communication.
3PoetryPoetry also often involves rhythm and rhyme, although neither is necessary for a work to be called poetry.Also, poetry conveys powerful images, feelings, and figurative language in fewer words than prose.
4PoetryOften it uses only phrases, single words, figures of speech, or sensory details to provoke ideas.figure of speech: specific device or kind of figurative language , such as hyperbole, metaphor, personification, simile, or understatement.sensory details: evocative words that convey sensory experiences— seeing, hearing, tasting, touching, and smelling.Prose, which is much longer, follows standard rules of paragraph and sentence structure. Figures of speech and sensory details can also be found in this genre.
5Common Types of PoetryEpic Poems: long, complicated story-poems. They tell of extraordinary deeds by supernatural heroes and villains. Epics include the literary devices of invocation and epithet.Invocation: asking a god or muses for helpEpithet: involves naming a character’s qualities
6Common Types of Poetry Epic Poems: The epic hero has a goal and typically is embarked on a long journey that involves struggles with gods, monsters, and other human beings.The purpose of an epic poem is to entertain, teach, and inspire the listener or reader with examples of how people can strive and succeed against great odds.
7Examples of Epic Poems: Homer’s The Iliad and The Odyssey Common Types of PoetryExamples of Epic Poems:Homer’s The Iliad and The OdysseyBeowulfThe Epic of Gilgamesh
8Common Types of PoetryLyric Poetry: conveys an exact mood or feeling to the reader. The poet speaks directly to the reader and asks for the reader’s sympathy.Lyric poems are usually short and musical. This broad category of poetry covers many poetic types and styles including rhymed poetry and free verse (poetry that has no fixed pattern of meter, rhyme, line length, or stanza arrangement).
9Example of Lyric Poetry: Common Types of PoetryExample of Lyric Poetry:An important type of lyric poem is the sonnet, which is a fourteen line poem with strict formatting. William Shakespeare made the sonnet popular in the 17th century.
10Example of Lyric Poetry: SONNET 130My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;Coral is far more red than her lips' red;If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.I have seen roses damask'd, red and white,But no such roses see I in her cheeks;And in some perfumes is there more delightThan in the breath that from my mistress reeks.I love to hear her speak, yet well I knowThat music hath a far more pleasing sound;I grant I never saw a goddess go;My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground:And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rareAs any she belied with false compare.
11Common Types of PoetryBallad: part of the oral tradition, ballads tell a story in song. Their subjects can be heroic, satirical, romantic, or political.Ballads focus on the actions and dialogue of a story, not on the characters.They usually end in tragedy.
12Common Types of Poetry Ballads continued… Folk ballads typically tell of an exciting or dramatic event.They were composed by an anonymous singer or author and passed on by word of mouth for generations before being written down.Literary ballads are written in imitation of folk ballads; they are usually attributed to an author.
13Poetic DevicesPoetry has a variety of language techniques that help its effectiveness:Personification: giving human qualities to something not human.The stars stare down at us.The stop sign jumped out at me.Summer waited just around the corner.The moon winked at the young lovers.
14Poetic DevicesPoetry has a variety of language techniques that help its effectiveness:Simile: comparison of one thing to another, using the words like or as ; it is an explicit comparison.Explicit means: fully and clearly expressedThe cold wind howled like a starving wolf.Her skin was as soft as a rose.She is small and sprightly, like a bantam hen.
15Poetic DevicesPoetry has a variety of language techniques that help its effectiveness:Metaphor: comparison of one thing to another, not using the words like or as; it is an implicit comparison.Implicit means: implied, rather than expressly stated:“All the world’s a stage.And all the men and women merely players.They have their exits and their entrances.”--William Shakespeare—”As You Like It”
16Poetic Devices “All the world’s a stage. And all the men and women merely players.They have their exits and their entrances.”--William Shakespeare—”As You Like It”Shakespeare connects life itself with a theatrical production, with birth and death akin to the comings and goings of actors in a drama. The speech goes on to list the stages of a man’s life as different parts to be played.
17Poetic DevicesPoetry has a variety of language techniques that help its effectiveness:Hyperbole: involves gross exaggeration or overstatement to make a point.He’s as big as a car.She’s got more money than Bill Gates.That was pretty much the worst movie ever made.Hyperbole is different from idiom, in that with idioms, the meaning of the words is not literal; hyperbole makes a literal—if exaggerated—comparison between two or more things.