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Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Awareness 741st Ordnance Company (EOD) Fort Bliss, Texas.

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Presentation on theme: "Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Awareness 741st Ordnance Company (EOD) Fort Bliss, Texas."— Presentation transcript:

1 Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Awareness 741st Ordnance Company (EOD) Fort Bliss, Texas

2 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 2 Overview  I.E.D. Overview  During ID checks  Vehicle Searches  Vehicle Exterior  Vehicle Interior  Underside, Engine compartments, and Trunks  Actions to be taken  Review

3 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 3 Oklahoma City Bombing April 19, people killed

4 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 4 Khobar Towers, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia June 25, Servicemen killed It was 10:30 p.m., time for many in the military housing facility at Saudi Arabia's King Abdul Aziz Air Base to turn in for the night, when a suspicious fuel tanker pulled up near the perimeter. Some immediately sensed danger, but there was little time to respond. A thunderous explosion followed seconds later, as some 5,000 pounds of explosives packed into the truck went off, drilling a crater 35 feet deep and ripping the front off an apartment building. -http://europe.cnn.com

5 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 5 USS Cole, Aden, Yemen October 13, Servicemen killed 39 injured An explosion which left a 40 foot by 40 foot hole in the port side of the Norfolk, Va.,-based destroyer. U.S. Navy photo.

6 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 6 World Trade Center, New York NY 11 Sep ,000 missing U.S. Under Attack Sept. 11, 2001: “A pleasant September morning turns horrific when, in a coordinated terrorist attack on the United States, a hijacked United Airlines plane approaches to strike the south tower of the World Trade Center, 18 minutes after a hijacked American Airlines jet smashed into the north building, leaving a gaping hole billowing smoke.” - -www.washingtonpost.com

7 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 7 I.E.D Overview  Expect the unexpected  The only limitation is the bombers imagination  IEDs normally consist of a filler (explosive, incendiary, or chemical), container, fuze, detonator, and power source (depending on method of initiation )  All bombs have some sort of trigger: Victim initiated, command initiated, timed.  Bombs will more than likely NOT be marked as such

8 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 8 Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) Vehicle Borne IED Heysham - 12 July 1994

9 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 9 A bomb doesn’t always have to be a separate device within the vehicle; it could be the actual vehicle.

10 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 10

11 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 11

12 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 12 I.E.D Overview Reasons we are at a disadvantage: No knowledge of who, what, where, when, why, or how.  Who: the terrorist is  Not always the driver, passenger, or owner of the vehicle  What: the terrorist will use  What: the terrorist will attack  Equipment, personnel, structures, etc.

13 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 13 I.E.D Overview Reasons we are at a disadvantage: No knowledge of who, what, where, when, or why.  Where: the terrorist will make an attack  When: the terrorist will attack  Why: the terrorist will attack  Personal, religious, political, etc.  How: the terrorist will gain access to an area/installation

14 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 14 ID Checks In the early morning hours of 23 October 1983, a truck loaded with explosives crashed through the security perimeter of the United States Marine Corps Barracks in Beirut, Lebanon.

15 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 15 ID Checks In the explosion that followed, 241 U.S. Military personnel were killed and 80 seriously wounded.

16 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 16 ID Checks Time is on your side. Although people may not appreciate it while their vehicles are being searched, in the long run a thorough search will let everyone know you are doing the best job. There is no need to rush through a search. You are the first line defense against the use of a vehicle in a terrorist attack. It is also important to be aware of your surroundings and to make note of personnel observing, but never entering, gates. Stay up to date on current affairs involving terrorist activity in the area.

17 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 17 During ID Checks

18 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 18 During ID Checks  Vehicle searches are a physical deterrent against possible terrorist attacks. “A show of force”. If a terrorist believes their vehicle may be searched they will avoid being caught.  Although it is discouraged to single out certain types of people don’t hesitate to pull a vehicle over if it has the obvious capacity for a major threat or something looks out of place.  If possible, don’t allow people waiting to see what areas are being searched. If a terrorist knows what is searched they will avoid placing a device in that area. A visual barrier should be used during searches.

19 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 19 During ID Checks Familiarity with those who enter/exit the gate is good, but do NOT let this take away from the purpose. A familiar face doesn’t mean you know the person. A terrorist could be ANYONE!!

20 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 20 During ID Checks  Be aware of:  large packages  tarps/blankets covering large objects  exposed wires running throughout the vehicle  strange/suspicious behavior exhibited by driver/passenger(s)  obvious device features (trigger devices, switches, etc.) or weapons

21 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 21 Vehicle Checks While vehicle bombs have been reported carrying more than two tons of explosives, seldom can more than 500 lbs.. of explosives be packed into an automobile. But that much explosive power will demolish everything to a distance of 45 feet, cause irreparable damage up to 95 feet from the center of the blast, do serious damage nearly 200 feet away, cause minor damage more than 1,100 feet away and throw fragments nearly 4/5 of a mile.

22 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 22 Vehicle Checks Tools Make sure you have the proper equipment readily available and maintained so they don’t fail you when you need them most.  Flashlights: Have more than one with fresh batteries and bulbs available.  Mirrors: Make sure they are clean and that you are familiar with the use of them. Practice your techniques.  Safety Gear: Thick gloves, eyewear, and any additional items that might reduce injury to yourself in the event you function a device in a search.

23 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 23 During Vehicle Checks  Keep person(s) a safe distance from yourself and the vehicle. IF YOU HAVE A QUESTION ABOUT AN ITEM LET THE DRIVER SHOW YOU, BUT MAINTAIN POSITIVE CONTROL OF THE SITUATION AND BE COMPLETELY ALERT AT ALL TIMES.  Be aware of the behavior of the driver/passenger(s)  Do not allow someone to regain control until the search is complete. This may allow them control of a device they think you have discovered.  Make note of people observing gate control points.

24 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 24 Vehicle Exterior  Be aware of:  Extra antennas  Protruding wire(s)  Obvious weight excess in trunk  Obvious alterations to vehicles that would enable concealment of a hazardous device

25 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 25 Exterior Checks

26 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 26 Exterior Checks

27 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 27 Vehicle Underside  Wires running underneath from front to back  Packages and objects taped/welded to the underside of the vehicle  Fuel tank Trunk  Spare tires: look underneath, feel weight, check for tampering  Covered objects, packages, and bags that are unexplained/suspicious

28 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 28 Engine Compartments  Look for extra wires connecting to the battery/ extra batteries  Unusual shaped hoses/tubes  Objects taped/welded to the inside  Parts not common to a vehicle engine  Firewall  Areas that could conceal/house a hazardous device (i.e. air filter, windshield washer fluid reservoir…)

29 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 29 Vehicle Interior  Exposed wires  Unusual smell(s) not particular to a vehicle  Antennas  Out of the ordinary bags, boxes, objects  Interior sections of the vehicle altered (upholstery rips, loose screws on paneling)  Glove boxes for triggers/ switches  Under the dash for unexplained wires  Under seats/ along sides of seats for triggers/ switches

30 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 30

31 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 31 Actions to be taken If positive identification of an I.E.D. is made:  Evacuate area/protect personnel  Do NOT touch/move device  Immediately request assistance (MP/K-9, EOD) *Do not allow the person being searched to re- enter the vehicle.

32 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 32 Actions to be taken  1 st Action: Personnel  No radio/cell phone transmissions within 100ft.  500 feet evacuation for normal sized package  1,000ft. For: anything w/ antennas associated with IEDanything w/ antennas associated with IED enhancers in the vicinity (fuel trucks, explosive carriers, underground gas lines…)enhancers in the vicinity (fuel trucks, explosive carriers, underground gas lines…) REMEMBER: PERSONNEL SAFETY IS # 1

33 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 33 Actions to be taken  2 nd Action: Do NOT touch/move device  Don’t do anything past the point of discovery  Stop search  Detain personnel who were in vehicle Remember: The actions you take could mean the lives of you and others!!

34 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 34 Actions to be taken  3 rd Action: Immediately request assistance  Notify MP desk.  MP desk will notify EOD When reporting hazard remember:  Time found  Location (Gate #; # of vehicles)  Size and shape or type of container  Exposed wires, noises, smells, antennas, condition of item.

35 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 35 Actions to be taken 3 rd Action: Immediately request assistance  Write down plate numbers and vehicle type  Write down number of people in vehicle and physical descriptions (estimated height/weight, nationality, hair color, accent, clothing, behavior, distinguishing features: scars, glasses, hairstyle, mustache/beard, etc.)

36 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 36 Additional Countermeasures Know your resources  EOD  Local Law Enforcement  Fire Department  Hazmat Teams  FBI  Other State and Federal Agencies

37 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 37 Questions

38 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 38

39 Friday, October 03, st Ordnance Company (EOD) 39 Review  Be aware of your surroundings and the behavior of the people you are checking.  The obvious will present itself. Stay alert towards things that look “out of the ordinary”.  Stay up to date on current affairs and get as much information from your chain of command about possible threats in the area.


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