Presentation on theme: "Minoans vs Mycenaens Objective: To be able to describe the geography of the 2 cultures. To identify at least 3 similarities and 3 differences using a matrix."— Presentation transcript:
Minoans vs Mycenaens Objective: To be able to describe the geography of the 2 cultures. To identify at least 3 similarities and 3 differences using a matrix
Minoans VS Mycenaean Crete-island 3,189 square mi *Legend: birthplace of Zeus *Mycenae-city NE of Peloponnesian Peninsula Legend: Founded by Perseus
culture developed on Crete about 3000BCE Maritime Culture Trade routes with Spain, Egypt, Canaan, and Asia Minor Social = egalitarian Recreation like dance, music, bull leaping Minoans:
Peaceful = lack of war scenes in art, festivals, culture model for Mycenae (earliest developed culture on Main land Greece). Minoans flourished for about 600 yrs between 2000-1400 BCE. Cretan palaces and villages destroyed in 1700BCE by earthquakes. Minoans rebuilt.
The next 100 yrs they established settlements for trade rather than imperialistic purposes. (Thera, Kythera, Melos and Rhodes) Minoans and neighbors mutually tolerant and supportive. Minoans benefited from trade and created glorious art and architecture.
Mycenae: Settled 2700 BCE Most myths from there Homer used tales in his writings
Language Developed agricultural economy (agrarian) Sea trade with Egypt and Asia Minor Unlike Minoans, strong military Art reflects militia importance (why?) Used horses as vehicles of war
Hierarchy: Kings, Soldiers, Priests, Slaves Recreation-few, mostly religious festivals and music
Mycenaean invaders launched invasions on Crete in the mid-15th century BCE. Causes (?): need for copper and other ores for weapons disputes over land and trade routes caused exodus to Asia Minor leaving economy weak Mycenaeans could no longer defend against hostile cultures and fled to the safety of Crete.
Invasions of Crete 1450 BCE = Minoan culture ends. Captive artist and architects sent to Mycenae to serve Mycenaean Kings. The Cretan palace of Knossos was occupied by Mycenae’s military. Weapons, chariots and battles were now introduced into art, murals and Cretan culture
End of Mycenae: 1100BCE, 350 yrs later = DORIAN GREEKS (Dark Ages) United tribes from NW Greece and Asia Minor invaded Peloponnesus, the southern Aegean Islands and Crete, ending Mycenaean rule. However, through Dorian reign, elements of both cultures were incorporated into the art, architecture and literature of Classical Greece.