Learning - Achievement Connection Always been part of education in theory 1700’s Germany 1800’s France, England, Holland United States Counts, members of parliament, members of congress, surgeon generals, secretaries of education, superintendents of schools, teachers, parents…..ALL acknowledge that hungry children can’t learn.
National School Lunch Act Protect the health and well being of the nation’s children Hearing transcripts show that members of congress often included the connection between nutritious meals and learning in the NSLA debate
Research School breakfast research is clear School Breakfast Program and Performance Study, 1989 Tufts State of Minnesota School Breakfast Study, 1997 Harvard School Breakfast research, 1998 Consistent findings Less absenteeism and tardiness Fewer behavioral problems Improved test scores
Experts Speak “Wide body of research clearly outlines that when children’s basic nutritional and fitness needs are met, they have cognitive energy to learn and achieve. West Virginia Department of Education October 23, 2003 Conversely, poo r nutrition and lack of physical activity lead to lower academic achievement.” --Gerald Tirozzi, Exec. Director NASSP, Healthy Schools Summit, October 2002
Experts Speak “Maryland’s Meals for Achievement provides data to back up the name.” “In Maryland, chronic health conditions account for nearly a quarter of a million visits to school health rooms this year. The most rapidly increasing condition is Type 2 diabetes, associated with obesity.” --Nancy Grasmick, PhD, Maryland Superintendent of Schools, Healthy Schools Summit, 2002
Conundrum “Educators understand this connection, but reading and math are such high priorities that they put time and energy there. “Need a policy paradigm shift to include academic, social, emotional, nutritional and healthy growth and development.” -- Gerald Tirozzi, PhD, Exec Director NASSP Healthy School Summit, 2002
National Resolve “Goals of Leave No Child Behind in academic core subjects can be greatly enhanced with the same national resolve and commitment to ensure all students have nutritious meals, engage in physical activity, and participate in health education programs.” “What better time and place to start that resolve than now -- in schools.” -- Gerald Tirozzi, PhD, Exec Director NASSP Healthy School Summit, 2002
Managing Child Nutrition Programs: Leadership for Excellence Aspen Publishers, 1999 Schools Need Support
A Child Nutrition Vision “ Every student and staff member will show an understanding of nutrition by selecting healthful meals at school and away from school.”
A Child Nutrition Vision “Each student’s readiness to learn will not be impaired by nutritional inadequacies.”
Is the vision a shared vision? Dilemmas ….Stephen Covey in Principle Centered Leadership
Mission ( making vision a reality) “ To foster the service of nutritious meals and the development of environments supportive of healthful eating behaviors of all students and staff.”
Beyond the Mission Statement Turn our Mission Statement into our guiding force “Get the largest number of students possible to eat the most nutritious meals possible.”
Reimbursable School Lunches More nutritious than any other noon time choice Participants eat more vegetables, grains, grain mixtures, and milk Fewer sweetened beverages and salty snacks than students who don’t participate »SNDA II 1995
Getting Better Every Day School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Study (98-99 data published in 2001) Students in 82% of elementary schools and 91% of secondary schools had the opportunity to select lunches that met both fat and saturated fat standards One in 5 elementary schools and one in 7 secondary schools met recommendation for fat and saturated fat for all lunches Average for all lunches -- 33% of calories from fat and 12% from saturated fat
Declining Participation Between 1979 and 1998 the national average decline in SL Participation was 4.4 percentage points -- from 61.2% to 56.8% West Virginia’s decline was 8.2 -- from 75.7% to 65.5% North Carolina’s drop was 20 percentage points -- 83% to 63% Delaware had no participation decline
Shifts in Food Practices in the United States Fast food consumption Reduced frequency of family meals Restrained eating, meal skipping Consumption of soft drinks- increased from 27 to 44 gal/y from 1972-1992 30,000 products in supermarkets Increased portion size Fast food consumption Reduced frequency of family meals Restrained eating, meal skipping Consumption of soft drinks- increased from 27 to 44 gal/y from 1972-1992 30,000 products in supermarkets Increased portion size
What Are Your Major Barriers? Disconnect between what students need and what they want? Need clearer view of what parents want? Need more support from other members of School Team? Need more $$$$$ for more fruits, veggies and marketing? Need lunch schedules more conducive to healthy eating?
Healthy Children Ready Learners What Changes Do You Need?
What are Your Policy Needs? (What is Outside your Span of Control?) Federal? State? Local? Start here… good local policy is the best policy and success can help drive state and local policy
Strategic Imperatives Recognition of the connection between nutrition and health and health and student achievement Service of nutritious, affordable,student- oriented school meals and snacks School environments that make available only nutritious choices provide adequate time for their selection and enjoyment provide pleasant surroundings and positive adult role modeling to promote consumption
Leverage the Obesity Epidemic Leverage the Obesity Epidemic Role for Everyone Families Schools/Child Care Communities Health Care Media/Communication Surveillance & Research
No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%-24% 25% Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, CDC Obesity* Trends Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2002 (*BMI 30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’4” person)
More American Children Are Overweight Than Ever Before 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14161963-701971-741976-801988-941999 Children 6 to 19 years 2000
Childhood Overweight Childhood Overweight BMI at or above the 95th percentile - age and gender US Prevalence 13% of 6 to 11 y/o 15.3% 14% 12 to 19 y/o 15.5% Overweight prevalence steadily increasing Overweight teen has 70% chance of being overweight or obest adult
How Did This Happen? Supersize Society and a Britney and Barbie Culture Britney and Barbie ® Culture Super Size! But Stay Thin!