Presentation on theme: "BY CHARLENE B. STEWART 116th Street Elementary"— Presentation transcript:
1 BY CHARLENE B. STEWART 116th Street Elementary CALIFORNIA MISSIONSBY CHARLENE B. STEWART116th Street Elementary
2 Father Junipero SerraFather Serra spent many years in Mexico preparing for his work. He replaced other padres in Alta California and began to start missions to convert Natives.
3 PURPOSE OF THE MISSIONS The purpose of the missions was to Christianize the Indians and spread Spanish influence in California.Father Junipero Serra was the principal founding missionary.In the everyday life of a mission resident, each had specific roles. The older women cooked, weaved and other lighter work. Younger men worked the land around the missions and cared for animals. The padres ran the missions, carried out services and taught the Indians Spanish and the Catholic religion.
4 California Missions In Order of Founding: Mission San Diego de Alcala (1769)Mission San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo (1770)Mission San Antonio de Padua (1771)Mission San Gabriel Arcángel (1771)Mission San Luis Obispo (1772)Mission San Francisco de Asís (1776)Mission San Juan Capistrano (1776)Mission Santa Clara de Asís (1777)Mission San Buenaventura (1782)Mission Santa Barbara (1786)Mission La Purisíma Concepción (1787)Mission Santa Cruz (1791)Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad (1791)Mission San José (1797)Mission San Juan Bautista (1797)Mission San Miguel de Arcángel (1797)Mission San Fernando Rey de España (1797)Mission San Luis Rey de Francia (1798)Mission Santa Inés (1804)Mission San Rafael Arcángel (1817)Mission San Francisco de Solano (1823)
5 Mission San Diego De Alcala This mission was the first established by Father Serra. This mission site became a major city.
6 Typical mission Architecture Mission San GabrielPotential padres spent at least two years training in Mexico before becoming mission padres.
7 Mission Quiz . What was the purpose of the mission? 1. a. To engage in agricultureb. To find a new place to livec. To take Indian landd. To bring the Catholic religion to the Indiansand spread Spanish influence2. Write a short essay on the missions in California.
8 Multiple ChoiceThe padres were not interested in farming and agriculture themselves, but to have the Indians do it.The padres did want to claim land for missions but their first concern was to religion.The padres were not interested in taking Indian land.Yes. Their purpose was to Christianize the Indians and spread Spanish influence.