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BY CHARLENE B. STEWART 116 th Street Elementary Father Junipero Serra Father Serra spent many years in Mexico preparing for his work. He replaced other.

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Presentation on theme: "BY CHARLENE B. STEWART 116 th Street Elementary Father Junipero Serra Father Serra spent many years in Mexico preparing for his work. He replaced other."— Presentation transcript:

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2 BY CHARLENE B. STEWART 116 th Street Elementary

3 Father Junipero Serra Father Serra spent many years in Mexico preparing for his work. He replaced other padres in Alta California and began to start missions to convert Natives.

4 PURPOSE OF THE MISSIONS The purpose of the missions was to Christianize the Indians and spread Spanish influence in California. Father Junipero Serra was the principal founding missionary. In the everyday life of a mission resident, each had specific roles. The older women cooked, weaved and other lighter work. Younger men worked the land around the missions and cared for animals. The padres ran the missions, carried out services and taught the Indians Spanish and the Catholic religion.

5 1.Mission San Diego de Alcala (1769)Mission San Diego de Alcala 2.Mission San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo (1770)Mission San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo 3.Mission San Antonio de Padua (1771)Mission San Antonio de Padua 4.Mission San Gabriel Arcángel (1771)Mission San Gabriel Arcángel 5.Mission San Luis Obispo (1772)Mission San Luis Obispo 6.Mission San Francisco de Asís (1776)Mission San Francisco de Asís 7.Mission San Juan Capistrano (1776)Mission San Juan Capistrano 8.Mission Santa Clara de Asís (1777)Mission Santa Clara de Asís 9.Mission San Buenaventura (1782)Mission San Buenaventura 10.Mission Santa Barbara (1786)Mission Santa Barbara 11.Mission La Purisíma Concepción (1787)Mission La Purisíma Concepción 12.Mission Santa Cruz (1791)Mission Santa Cruz 13.Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad (1791)Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad 14.Mission San José (1797)Mission San José 15.Mission San Juan Bautista (1797)Mission San Juan Bautista 16.Mission San Miguel de Arcángel (1797)Mission San Miguel de Arcángel 17.Mission San Fernando Rey de España (1797)Mission San Fernando Rey de España 18.Mission San Luis Rey de Francia (1798)Mission San Luis Rey de Francia 19.Mission Santa Inés (1804)Mission Santa Inés 20.Mission San Rafael Arcángel (1817)Mission San Rafael Arcángel 21.Mission San Francisco de Solano (1823)Mission San Francisco de Solano California Missions In Order of Founding:

6 Mission San Diego De Alcala This mission was the first established by Father Serra. This mission site became a major city.

7 Typical mission Architecture Mission San Gabriel Potential padres spent at least two years training in Mexico before becoming mission padres.

8 Mission Quiz 1.. What was the purpose of the mission? a. To engage in agriculture b. To find a new place to live c. To take Indian land d. To bring the Catholic religion to the Indians and spread Spanish influence 2. Write a short essay on the missions in California.

9 Multiple Choice a.The padres were not interested in farming and agriculture themselves, but to have the Indians do it. b.The padres did want to claim land for missions but their first concern was to religion. c.The padres were not interested in taking Indian land. d.Yes. Their purpose was to Christianize the Indians and spread Spanish influence.


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