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CP Biology: Final Exam Review. Which of the following is a phase of mitosis? 1. Prophase 2. Cytokinesis 3. Interphase 4. Checkpoint.

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Presentation on theme: "CP Biology: Final Exam Review. Which of the following is a phase of mitosis? 1. Prophase 2. Cytokinesis 3. Interphase 4. Checkpoint."— Presentation transcript:

1 CP Biology: Final Exam Review

2 Which of the following is a phase of mitosis? 1. Prophase 2. Cytokinesis 3. Interphase 4. Checkpoint

3 Cancer cells form masses of cells called 1. Protoonco 2. p53 3. Tumors 4. organs

4 Pigments that reflect yellow light will  a. Look green  b. Look yellow  c. Have no affect on the appearance of the plant

5 Where do the light and dark reactions take place?  a. Leaves, roots  b. Stroma, Thylakoid  c. Thylakoid, Stroma  d. Trees, flowers

6 Breathing heavily after running a race is your body’s way of 1. Recharging the electron transport chain 2. Making more citric acid 3. Repaying an oxygen debt

7 Which organism is NOT likely to carry out cellular respiration? 1. Mushroom 2. Tree 3. Anaerobic bacterium 4. Squirrel

8 Cellular respiration is called an aerobic process b/c it requires 1. Oxygen 2. Exercise 3. Glucose 4. Carbon dioxide

9 Which process is carried out by yeast in the absence of oxygen? 1. Alcoholic fermentation 2. Photosynthesis 3. Lactic acid fermentation

10 Lactic acid fermentation occurs in 1. Bread dough 2. yogurt 3. Mitochondria 4. Muscle cells

11 The correct sequence of events for cellular respiration is 1. Krebs  electron transport  glycolysis 2. Glycolysis  Krebs  electron transport 3. Krebs  glycolysis  electron transport

12 The Calvin Cycle is another name for 1. Light dependent reactions 2. Light independent reactions 3. Photosynthesis 4. Cellular Respiration

13 Most plants are green b/c 1. They do not absorb green light 2. They reflect violet light 3. The absorb green light 4. They do all of those things.

14 The products of the light dependent RXN are… 1. Oxygen gas 2. ATP 3. NADPH 4. They are all products of the light dependent RXNS

15 The effects of a mutation can be 1. Helpful 2. Harmful 3. Neutral 4. They are all possible effects

16 B/c of base pairing in DNA, the percentage of 1. Cytosine molecules in DNA is much greater than the percentage of guanine molecules 2. Purines in DNA is much greater than the percentage of pyrimidines 3. Pyrimidines in DNA is about equal to the percentage of purines

17 During DNA replication, a DNA strand that has the bases CTAGGT produces a strand with the bases 1. GATCCA 2. GAUCCA 3. AGCTTG

18 After mRNA has been transcribed 1. Its introns are cut out 2. Its exons are joined together 3. It leaves the nucleus 4. They all happen!

19 Each group of 3 bases in DNA codes for the production of 1. Lipids 2. One amino acid 3. Particular carbohydrate molecules

20 Which of the following could cause a mutation in DNA? 1. X-Rays 2. Tanning Beds 3. Sun’s ultraviolet radiation 4. They all can cause a mutation in DNA.

21 The “factory” where proteins are assembled 1. Ribosomes 2. Cell membrane 3. nucleolus

22 Sickle cell anemia is a disease that is the due to a T instead of the normal A, what type of mutation is this? 1. Deletion 2. Substitution 3. Insertion

23 In which phase would you expect to see chromosomes lines up at the equator of the cell? 1. Interphase 2. Prophase 3. Metaphase 4. Anaphase 5. Telophase 6. Cytokinesis

24 What stage is DNA copied? 1. G1 2. S 3. G2 4. M 5. C

25 Which cells are haploid? 1. Skin cells 2. Gametes 3. Zygotes 4. Blood cells

26 The end products of meiosis are 1. 2 diploid cells 2. 2 haploid cells 3. 4 diploid cells 4. 4 haploid cells

27 What happens during prophase I that results in increased genetic variation? 1. Crossing over 2. Condensation of alleles 3. Segregation of sister chromatids 4. mutations

28 ‘Normal” female sex chromosomes are 1. XY 2. XX 3. XXX 4. X 5. YY

29 Widow’s peak is a dominant trait, which of the following represents a heterozygous genotype? 1. WW 2. ww 3. NW 4. Ww

30 What are the possible allele combinations for the genotype TtGg? 1. TT, Tt, GG, Gg 2. TG, tt, gg, tg 3. TG, Tg, tG, tg 4. T, t, G, g

31 If parents have blood types A and O, what are the possible blood types for their offspring? 1. A or O 2. O only 3. A only 4. AB

32 Genes found on the X-chromosomes, such as colorblindness are known as: 1. Co-dominant 2. Incomplete dominance 3. Polygenic 4. Sex-linked 5. Multiple alleles

33 A couple has 3 daughters, what are the chances their next child will be a boy? 1. 0% 2. 25% 3. 50% 4. 75% %

34 A diagram that is used by genetic counselors to trace certain genetic characteristics over several generations is called: 1. Karyotype 2. Pedigree 3. Biopsy 4. Punnett square

35 Which of the following is an example of co- dominance? 1. Tall plant + short plant = 100% tall 2. Orange cat + black cat = orange & black cat 3. Black chicken + white chicken = gray chicken

36 Asexually produced daughter cells are 1. Identical to each other, but not the parent cell 2. Different from each other & parent 3. Identical to each other and the parent cell


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