Presentation on theme: "Rock Hill School District 3 Rock Hill, South Carolina"— Presentation transcript:
1Rock Hill School District 3 Rock Hill, South Carolina Co-TeachingThe Short CourseDr. Wendy Fetner DoverRock Hill School District 3Rock Hill, South CarolinaYou can copy the materials associated with this co-teaching workshop, but do not post it on the internet or make it available electronically. If you want to share the materials or PowerPoint, you will need written permission from Wendy Fetner Dover.You will need the DVD or VHS of Power of 2 by Marilyn Friend. You can order it from NPR, Inc. at or google it, you’ll find it!
2I’ve Been in Your Shoes… Co-Teaching: Where do we start? Come up with an opening story that acknowledges how difficult this is, how little structure or direction co-teaching teams have been given, or a personal experience
3Video Clip – (Shared Beliefs) A Match Made Where?Co-teaching is really all about teaming. Whether you and your partner(s)Chose to work together (a love match),Schedules threw you together (marriage of convenience)Or were told you would work together (an arranged marriage),You are on the same team. Teams are made of individuals, and that’s what makes is SO very interesting!Video Clip – (Shared Beliefs)We come to co-teaching in a variety of ways. Research stated that the best way is with a sense of volunteerism, but most often, we didn’t volunteer – we were assigned or told. Working together effectively often means finding some common ground as a starting point. Regardless of how co-teaching teams came to be partnered, it’s important that some shared beliefs be discovered – as the foundation of the partnership.Video Clip 4:45 minutes
4Video Clip – (Prerequisite Skills) Making a Good MatchGeneral Educators – Develop a “Dream List” that answers the question…“What would you like most from a special education co-teacher and an administrator”?Special Educators and Administrators – What skills, abilities, and materials do you have to offer? (a dowry, so to say!)Video Clip – (Prerequisite Skills)Have them write responses on a note card individually. I use one color for SpEds and a different color for GenEds. Give them about 1-2 minutes. Then, have them get up, move around and find some one with a different color card to trade answers with. If participants are attending in teaching teams, have the team members trade responses.7 minute Video clip
5Co-Teaching Today’s Agenda A Review of Co-teaching BasicsRoles and ResponsibilitiesInstructional ArrangementsGetting Organized:Team Processes
6So,Why Co-teach? (k-8) Most popular model of inclusion Least Restrictive Environment and continuum of services (IDEA-04)Content instruction by content specialists and highly qualified teachers (NCLB-01)No more off grade level PACT TestingOnly 2% allowed to take PACT ALTResource and self-contained models of pull-out for content instruction less workable or justifiableIt’s just a good instructional practice – if it’s done right!Use either slide 6 (for k-8/PACT) or slide 7 (for secondary) – the info is slightly different.
7Tell Me Again Why We Are Doing This! (secondary) Most popular model of inclusionLeast Restrictive Environment and continuum of services (IDEA-04)Content instruction by content specialists and highly qualified teachers (NCLB-01)Resource and self-contained models of pull-out for course credit is not an optionHighly qualified special ed. teachers at secondary level – exemption if they assist and supportIt’s just a good instructional practice – if it’s done right!Use either slide 6 (for k-8/PACT) or slide 7 (for secondary) – the info is slightly different.
8There’s More Than One Way… Collaborative PlanningSystems of Information Sharing andConsultationResource Room Support (pull-out, “as needed”, etc.)Coaching and ModelingStaff developmentPeer tutoring/buddy systemCooperative LearningStudent Improvement TeamsInstructional AssistantsAccommodations and ModificationDifferentiated InstructionCo-teachingCo-teaching is not the only way to “do inclusion”. In fact, as far as a research-based intervention, Co-teaching has been awarded a “yellow” or caution light. This doesn’t mean that it’s a poor intervention; it means that there is a lack of solid research that validates this model. The real problem seems to be that although co-teaching is widely used, it is not implemented correctly – that’s why we are here today – to see that you know what is best practices and how to implement it correctly.
9Continuum of Inclusive Models LESS Support IntensiveConsultationSupported InstructionCo-TeachingResource/Pull-outCo-Teaching falls in the middle of the inclusive models and is actually a rather “support intensive” model of inclusion.MORE Support Intensive
10Consultation Consultation Model Student support services personnel provide indirect, out-of-class support to general classroom staff.PlanningStrategiesProblem-solvingStudent informationProgram informationObservationsResources and materialsConsultation is the LEAST support intensive model.
11“Inclusive” Classroom Supported InstructionCo-Teaching ModelStudent support services personnel provide direct in-class support to students as they participate in the general education classroom2 Adults in the roomIdividual accountabilityExchange of informationCollaborative planningShared instructionBoth engaged in instructionProgress monitoringConstructive feedbackInclusive models – supported instruction and co-teaching - intensify the support by bringing the special education teacher or assistant into the general classroom. Yes, assistants can support instruction in the general classroom, but they can’t really co-teach. We’ll look at this in more depth later.
12Pull-Out Pull-out Model Student support services personnel provide direct instruction, support. Or modifications to student with special needs outside the general classroom.Resource ClassIEP skill developmentLimited academic support, enrichment and accelerationSelf-contained ClassFunctional curriculumCurricular modificationsLimited academic supportPull-out is the most support intensive model we have and most often take place in the resource classroom or special setting/ self-contained classroom. The trend seems to be to use pull-out to provide direct instruction in reading, writing and math and providing academic support for other content areas subjects as appropriate.
13The Difference Between Co-teaching and Supporting Certified teachers or therapists onlyGenEd teacher and SpEd teacher plan togetherRegular and scheduled planningBoth teachers come preparedFormat for planningShared InstructionActive engagement throughout instructional timeUse of a definable instructional arrangementMore of an equal partnershipSupported InstructionMay be 2 certified teachers/ therapists OR a certified teacher/ therapist and an assistantLess planning or ongoing communication may be evidentSpecial Ed. personnel obviously in assisting roleGeneral education has primary responsible for instruction and directionTeach and Support/Assist is prevailing instructional arrangementLess of an equal partnershipIf you aren’t planning together, you are not co-teaching!
14Video Clip – (Co-Teaching Defined) Sooooo,… exactly what are we talking about?Video Clip – (Co-Teaching Defined)2.45 minute video clip – Power of 2
15To Recap - Co-teaching is (Friend & Cook, 2000) Planning and delivering instruction collaborativelyThrough a blend of direct and indirect support and servicesIn a subject content areaTo students with diverse needsPrimarily in a single general classroom setting.To restate the points in the video…
16From the Literature…This approach increases instructional options, improves educational programs, reduces stigmatization for students, and provides support to the professionals involved.(Cook & Friend, 1995)Teachers share the planning, presentation, evaluation, and classroom management in an effort to enhance the learning environment for all students. In this way, the teachers can provide more integrated service for all students, regardless of their learning needs.”(Gately & Gately, 2001)Increase instructional options, improves programs, reduces stigma, and support the teachers.Key point – the Special Needs personnel can work with ALL students, and not be limited to working only with students with special needs.
17Key Components of Successful Co-Teaching Defined roles and responsibilitiesVaried instructional arrangementsStarting with a plan and commitment to ongoing co-planningFormal information sharingAdministrative understanding and supportAppropriate levels of modification
18Our Plans for the Future… SHOULDSHOULD NOTHave participants work in pairs or groups of 3-4, to define a SCHOOL-WIDE list of what co-teaching should/should not be. This is like STEP 1 in laying the groundwork for co-teaching partners. Give the pairs or groups 5-7 minutes to write down at least 3 ideas for each. If teams have trouble getting started, you may want to provide an example – Co-Teaching is not dumping kids with special needs in the general classroom without support. Have the pairs or groups share in round robin fashion while the facilitator writes/types them until a workshop list is developed. They can be refined later, typed, and given to all participants. This should be reviewed at the end of each semester and updated as necessary. There is an example from Seneca High School included.
19Co-Teaching at Castle Heights Middle School … SHOULDbe collaborative – “we” do itPlanned schedule and student placements (hand schedule SpEd students first and keep a workable balance)Be student need drivenUse strengths of each teacherInclude differentiated instructionActively involve both teachers in classroom tasks (grading, instructing, etc.)Include planning for partnershhip prior to school startingBe the standard model for identified “at risk”courseSHOULD NOTBe an extra planning period for either teacherMake the SpEd teacher “assist only”Relegate one teacher to the side linesBe hastily plannedBecome a pull-out modelBe referred to as “your” students and “my” studentsHere is what the literature says. Do you want to change what you’ve done?
20Co-Teaching Today’s Agenda A Review of Co-teaching BasicsRoles and ResponsibilitiesInstructional ArrangementsGetting Organized:Team Processes
21Inclusion I do! YOU do! WE do! The “Co” in Co-teaching means “collaborative” and synonyms for collaborative include joint, two-way, mutual, and shared. Roles and responsibilities or expectations in co-teaching partnerships need to be clearly defined so there is no “guessing” or “assuming” what the other person is/should be doing.
22Let’s Start with “WE” Do! That thing we do together!Video Clip – (Collaboration)
23Co-Teaching is a Blend of.. Direct ServiceThe Special Education teacher DOES work directly with students in a general or special setting.Indirect ServiceThe Special Education teacher does not work with the students, but with the teachers and staff who provide the direct instruction.Special education students gained access to the regular classroom and the regular curriculum and we found out that general education teachers really know there stuff and do a good job of teaching the general curriculum! Special Education teachers found they had to start talking to teachers and start placing their students all around the school! We develop great direct services but had to also provide indirect services.
24Co-Teaching is a Blending of Direct and Indirect Supported InstructionShared Instruction/ Co-TeachingFull-timePart-timeFlex-timeAcademic Support (pull-out)IndirectCo-planningSharing student informationObservationsProblem SolvingCollaboration (providing ideas for modifications, accommodations, strategies)Behavior InterventionsItinerant Support to StudentsAccommodation and Modification Development and SupportWe know what the direct services are, but how familiar are you with indirect – Really, really doing and providing sound indirect services. Indirect can be operationalized.
25So, How Does this Translate into Teacher Roles and Responsibilities? Overall Program Roles - Basic INCLUSIVE Responsibilities and Tasks
26Roles & Responsibilities for Inclusion Classroom Teacher’s Role: To plan, coordinate, schedule, and evaluate curriculum and instructional outcomes within a secure, positive, and enriched inclusive classroom environment.Special Educator’s Role: To provide instruction and support which facilitate the participation of students with disabilities in general education classroom
27General Education Teacher Special Education Teacher Job Titles May HelpGeneral Education TeacherClassroom TeacherContent SpecialistInstructional Leader“Chief Cook”Co-TeacherSpecial Education TeacherConsultantStrategistResource SpecialistCoachCase ManagerCollaboratorCo-Teacher
28It’s Best to Make it Clear Let’s define a written list of school-wide guidelines for the overall roles and responsibilities of General Education Teachers and Special Education Teachers. For each list…Circle the number of the items you want to keepMark out the number of the items you want to deleteWrite in any changesAdd items you want to includeThe goal here is to develop a SCHOOL list. I would STRONGLY URGE the “pre” development of a list to present to cut down on discussion and disagreement – make this list look as close to what you want BEFORE you present it to the participants. It also seems to work best if the workshop facilitator leads the workshop participants through each item, one at a time noting changes, deletions, and additions. Takes time, but very hard to do in small groups and then combine. I have had small groups work on this, but each small group represented a different school building. The facilitator should make notes while brief discussions are held on each one, then retype later.
29These Lists are Useful ---- HOW? If we are NOT talking about co-teaching specifically, how can I/teams of teachers – use these lists?What can you do with your list? They always have ideas – most teachers are grateful to have these basic responsibilities and expectations written down.Both lists SHOULD be reviewed at the end of each semester and prior to starting a new year/semester of co-teaching.
30Co-Teaching Today’s Agenda A Review of Co-teaching BasicsRoles and ResponsibilitiesInstructional ArrangementsGetting Organized:Team Processes
31VIDEO CLIP - Co-Teaching Arrangement Examples One teach, one observeStation teachingParallel teachingAlternative teachingTeamingOne teach, one assist27 minute clipOne-page handout provides a definition of each of the 6 co-teaching arrangements, the 2-page handout provides a summary of much of the information from the video about each co-teaching arrangement. Encourage the workshop participants to make notes of information and ideas while watching.
32Worth Talking AboutWhich approach or approaches do you use most often?Which approach seems most appealing?How could you and your co-teacher apply these arrangement in your current partnership?Tag Team Teaching Ideas (handout)The video should provide a great deal of useful images and ideas for co-teaching teams. This slide provides discussion points for the group or pair/shares to follow-up the clip. I’ve found that some people need MORE specifics, so the handout – Tag Team Teaching Ideas – is about as specific as you can get!
33Co-Teaching Today’s Agenda A Review of Co-teaching BasicsRoles and ResponsibilitiesInstructional ArrangementsGetting Organized:Team Processes
34Getting On Paper – Initial or Clarifying Planning Co-Teaching ConsiderationsContent OrientationCollaboration PlansIntroductionsCo-teaching Tasks and ResponsibilitiesSubstitute PlansRoom Set-upStudent ConsiderationsFeedbackCo-Teaching PlanI strongly suggest each individual team go through the 3 pages of the Co-Teaching Considerations and generate written responses. For accountability, the teams could be required to turn in a copy of the Co-Teaching Considerations OR summarize the information by completing and turning in a Co-Teaching Plan.
35On-Going PlanningYou HAVE to plan – so schedule it and show up prepared!Gen. Ed. – instructional plans and materialsSpecial Ed. – target student names and supplemental materialYou need a planning formatPlanning Ahead FormCo-Teaching Lesson Plan Book (Dieker, 2002)CalendarPlan bookNotebook
36Barrier Issues You’ve Got to Find a Way Around! GradingSchedulingPlanning TimeAnother Barrier to effective co-teaching is communication.
37Finally, Tips for Inclusive Settings Be aware of the target students and consider individual IEP needs in planningKeep special needs student ratio about 1/3 to 1/4Don’t always group the students with special needs together or seat them in one special spotSchedule consultation or joint planning time.Make sure all the adults are aware of who the target students areIt’s helpful if general ed. teachers, special ed. teachers and administrators get the same training (or at least understanding) of inclusive classrooms and how they should operate.Schedule appropriate and joint planning time. Start with small meetings and grow.Everyone needs to brush up on basic communication and “people” skillsDEFINE ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES of both teachers and put it in writingTake individual student needs/IEP requirements into considerationIt’s best to keep student ratio about 1/3 to 1/4 students with special needsKnow student modifications & learning styles to incorporate in lessons and lesson planningIn small group instruction, don’t always group the students with special needs together or seat them in one special spot in the room
38Finally, Tips for Inclusive Settings Make sure both teachers have the same “understanding” of thingsGet trained togetherFill out these forms together!Brush up on basic communication and “people” skillsIncorporate strategies and techniques that have a sound research base.
39Finally, Tips for Inclusive Settings WRITE DOWN personnel roles and responsibilitiesReview your co-teaching considerations and/or co-teaching plan a month after it’s first developed, then at the end of each semesterMake changes only at natural breaks, like the end of a semester
40Wow – We Are Almost Done!What is the first thing you want to do to begin or strengthen your co-teaching partnership?
41Your TO-DO list Develop a school list for Inclusion IS/IS NOT Clarify inclusive roles and responsibilities for SpEd and GenEd teachersEACH Co-Teaching pairs MUST completeCo-Teaching Considerations sheetsCo-Teaching PlanSchedule a regular planning timeDecide on a planning formatReview the Co-Teaching Approaches weeklyDefine your administrative support needsYou will want to change this or personalize this, but I’ve found they like to leave with an assignment.
42Follow-up Topics/Handouts Modification BasicsGetting Along (Personality and Communication Issues)Problematic SituationSupervising an Assistant in Inclusive SettingsThese are just “starters”. Each topic could be developed into a full workshop! These are quick and dirty ideas for follow-up meetings. Follow-up meetings kind of run themselves with participants asking loads of questions and sharing what has worked and what hasn’t worked. Even with the questions they bring, I like to have some structure to follow-up meetings and some new info they can leave with.