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Learning Memory Language Intelligence CYPA PSYCH SPRING 2014 CLASS 7 MAR 30.

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Presentation on theme: "Learning Memory Language Intelligence CYPA PSYCH SPRING 2014 CLASS 7 MAR 30."— Presentation transcript:

1 Learning Memory Language Intelligence CYPA PSYCH SPRING 2014 CLASS 7 MAR 30

2 Learnin g Classical. Operant. Observational.

3 Classical Conditioning (video 1)  Watson (Behaviorism)  Pavlov (and his drooling dogs)  UR, US, CR, CS  Acquisition  Extinction and Recovery  Generalization  Discrimination

4 Operant Conditioning (Video 2)  Skinner (remember him?)  Thorndike’s Law of Effect  Reinforcers (positive, negative, primary, secondary, immediate, delayed)  Schedules (continuous, partial, fixed, variable, ratio, interval)  Punishment  Train yourself!

5

6 Observational Learning (Video 3)  Modeling  Mirror Neurons (video 4)  Albert Bandura and Bobo  Applications  Prosocial  Antisocial

7 Memory Encoding. Storage. Retrieval.

8 Memory Processing

9 Encoding  Automatic/ Effortful  Rehearsal  Massed practice v. distributed study time  Serial position effect  Levels of processing  Visual  Acoustic  Semantic  Organizing: chunking, hierarchies

10 Storage  Sensory  Iconic  Echoic  Working/ Short term (limited)  Long term (unlimited)  The brain and storage  Hippocampus  Cerebellum

11 Retrieval  Recall  Recognition  Relearning  Priming  Context  Environment  State  Mood

12 Forgetting: 7 Sins of Memory  Three sins of forgetting  Absent-mindedness  Transience  Blocking  Three sins of distortion  Misattribution  Suggestibility  Bias  One Sin of Intrusion  Persistence

13  Study repeatedly  Make material meaningful  Activate retrieval cues  Use mnemonic devices  Minimize interference  Sleep more  Test yourself!!  Video 5, video 6 Improving Memory

14 Language Structure. Development. The Brain.

15 Structure (video 7)  Phonemes  Morphemes  Grammar  Semantics  Syntax

16 Development  Receptive  Productive  4 months: babbling  10 months: deaf to sounds outside native lang.  12 months: one-word stage  24 months: two work stage, telegraphic speech  Theory  Skinner  Chomsky  Sensitive/Critical Period

17 Language and the Brain  Aphasia  Broca’s: speaking  Wernicke’s: speaking/ understanding  Angular gyrus: reading

18 Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis Linguistic Relativity and Determinism (video 8)

19 Intelligence

20 Multiple or Singular?  Spearman: g (factor analysis)  Gardner: Multiple (video 9)  Linguistic  Logical-mathematical  Musical  Spatial  Bodily-kinesthetic  Interpersonal  Intrapersonal  Naturalist  Sternberg: 3 Intelligences  Analytical  Creative  Practical

21 Intelligence and Creativity  Expertise  Imaginative thinking skills  A venturesome personality  Intrinsic motivation  A creative environment

22 Emotional Intelligence (video 10)  Daniel Goleman  4 qualities  Perceive  Understand  Manage  Use

23 Geniuses Video 11


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