“From Stettin in the North to Trieste in the south, an iron curtain has descended over Europe.” Winston Churchill to Americans in Speech
Containment Policy U.S. foreign policy that sought to prevent the spread of Soviet communism George Kennan – creator of the Containment policy Truman supported with Truman Doctrine!
Truman Doctrine (1947) Response to communist takeover attempt in Greece Truman gives economic aid to countries fighting communism $400 million in aid to Greece and Turkey Controversial example of containment
Marshall Plan (1948-1951) Europe needed to be rebuilt after WWII Dresden, GermanyLondon, England
Marshall Plan (1948-1951) Sec. of State George Marshall--give friendly aid economic recovery was necessary for world peace West German advertisement The free train of the Marshall Plan
Berlin Airlift (1948-1949) East Berliners could see difference and left Stalin blockaded West Berlin to stop this Soviets closed Berlin’s railway lines, canals, roads. W. Berlin had 36 days of supplies.
Berlin Airlift (1948-1949) Allies airlift supplies until blockade ended Lasted 11 months! “Operation Vittles”
Every ten minutes a plane took off with supplies for West Berlin. 327 days277,000 flights2.5 million tons of supplies