Presentation on theme: "Why did the Germans hate the Treaty of Versailles?"— Presentation transcript:
1Why did the Germans hate the Treaty of Versailles?
2What kind of treaty did the Germans get? When the Allies assembled at Versailles in 1919 to draw up the treaty, it soon became clear that the Germans were not going to get what they hoped for.‘Big Three’, Lloyd-George, Clemenceau & Roosevelt
3Georges Clemenceau, French President The emphasis seemed to be on punishing Germany. The French, in particular, wanted a peace which would weaken Germany so much that there would be no chance of it attacking France in the future.Georges Clemenceau, French President
4Germany was not invited to the peace negotiations Germany was not invited to the peace negotiations. The treaty was agreed by the Allies and then presented to Germany for signing. When the Germans refused to sign it they were told that if they did not sign, war would start again.
5Finally, Germany had no choice, but to accept Finally, Germany had no choice, but to accept. On 28 June 1919 German representatives reluctantly signed the Treaty. But they called it ‘the shameful diktat of Versailles’.
6Overview War Guilt Reparations Why did Germans hate the Treaty of Versailles?Germany’s coloniesTerritorial lossesMilitary restrictions
7Why did many Germans resent this clause? War guiltArticle 231 of the Treaty stated that Germany was to blame for causing the war.Why did many Germans resent this clause?
8ReparationsWhy did many Germans complain about reparations?As Germany was held responsible for the war, the allies could claim reparations for the damage causedIn 1921 a special commission fixed a sum of £6,600 m. to be paid in annual instalmentsThe Treaty also took away 10% of Germany’s industry and 15% of its agricultural land
9Germany’s coloniesGermany’s colonies were handed over to the League of Nations, who gave them to Britain and France to runWhy did many Germans resent the way the League of Nations running their colonies?
10Military restrictions Air force was disbandedArmy limited to 100,000 soldiersNavy limited to 15,000 sailors, six battleships and no submarinesWhich country was keen to restrict Germany’s navy? Why?
11Military restrictions Rhineland occupied by the Allies for 15 yearsNo German troops allowed in this areaWhy were the Germans especially unhappy about these terms?
12Which of the territorial losses would have angered the Germans most? Alace-Lorraine returned to FranceWest Prussia and Posen (Polish Corridor) lost to PolandSaarland taken over by the League of Nations for 15 yearsWhich of the territorial losses would have angered the Germans most?
13 Your taskWrite a short speech to deliver to the new German Reichstag explaining why you hate the terms of the Treaty of Versailles so much.