Presentation on theme: "Why did the Germans hate the Treaty of Versailles?"— Presentation transcript:
Why did the Germans hate the Treaty of Versailles?
What kind of treaty did the Germans get? When the Allies assembled at Versailles in 1919 to draw up the treaty, it soon became clear that the Germans were not going to get what they hoped for. Big Three, Lloyd-George, Clemenceau & Roosevelt
The emphasis seemed to be on punishing Germany. The French, in particular, wanted a peace which would weaken Germany so much that there would be no chance of it attacking France in the future. Georges Clemenceau, French President
Germany was not invited to the peace negotiations. The treaty was agreed by the Allies and then presented to Germany for signing. When the Germans refused to sign it they were told that if they did not sign, war would start again.
Finally, Germany had no choice, but to accept. On 28 June 1919 German representatives reluctantly signed the Treaty. But they called it the shameful diktat of Versailles.
Overview War Guilt Reparations Germanys colonies Territorial losses Why did Germans hate the Treaty of Versailles? Military restrictions
War guilt Article 231 of the Treaty stated that Germany was to blame for causing the war. Article 231 of the Treaty stated that Germany was to blame for causing the war. Why did many Germans resent this clause?
Reparations As Germany was held responsible for the war, the allies could claim reparations for the damage caused In 1921 a special commission fixed a sum of £6,600 m. to be paid in annual instalments The Treaty also took away 10% of Germanys industry and 15% of its agricultural land Why did many Germans complain about reparations?
Germanys colonies Germanys colonies were handed over to the League of Nations, who gave them to Britain and France to run Germanys colonies were handed over to the League of Nations, who gave them to Britain and France to run Why did many Germans resent the way the League of Nations running their colonies?
Military restrictions Air force was disbanded Air force was disbanded Army limited to 100,000 soldiers Army limited to 100,000 soldiers Navy limited to 15,000 sailors, six battleships and no submarines Navy limited to 15,000 sailors, six battleships and no submarines Which country was keen to restrict Germanys navy? Why?
Military restrictions Rhineland occupied by the Allies for 15 years No German troops allowed in this area Why were the Germans especially unhappy about these terms?
Territorial losses Alace-Lorraine returned to France Alace-Lorraine returned to France West Prussia and Posen (Polish Corridor) lost to Poland West Prussia and Posen (Polish Corridor) lost to Poland Saarland taken over by the League of Nations for 15 years Saarland taken over by the League of Nations for 15 years Which of the territorial losses would have angered the Germans most?
Your task Your task Write a short speech to deliver to the new German Reichstag explaining why you hate the terms of the Treaty of Versailles so much.