5Input DeviceUnits that gather information and transform that information into a series of electronic signals for the computer
6Types of Input Devices Keyboard Mouse An input device which sends data to the processorMouseAn input device that allows the user to manipulate objects on the screen by moving the device along the surface of a deskOther types of input devices include:Microphone, Scanner, and Touch ScreenCan you think of any other input devices?
7Types of Keys on the Keyboard Alphabetic KeysLetters a – z on the keyboardNumeric KeysNumbers 0 – 9 on the keyboardFunction KeysKeys that allow you to do special things like printManipulative/Modifier KeysShift, Caps Lock, Tab, Return, Backspace, Alternate, Control, Windows, etc.
8Processing Manipulating raw data according to instructions Central Processing Unit (CPU) – The “brains” of the computer.
9StorageThe ability of a computer to keep data when the power to the computer is turned off.
10Storage DeviceA storage process that holds data outside of the processing unit
11Types of Storage Devices USB Flash DriveA portable storage device that plugs into a USB port in front or back of the computer.CD/DVDPlastic disk written on with laser beams to store dataCD/DVD DriveWhere a computer reads or writes to a “compact disk” (CD or DVD)
12More types of Storage Devices Hard DrivePrimary device used to store informationMagnetically stores data on a stack of rotating disks called platters.May be internal or externalOther types of storage devices include:Memory Card and online storage sitesCan you think of any other types of storage devices?
13OutputUseful information that exits in an information system
15Types of Output Devices MonitorScreen – Most commonly used video displayPrinterOutput device that produces a hard copy of information in a computer document or screenOther types of output devices include:Speakers, Headphones, and ProjectorCan you think of some other output devices?
16Computer Hardware in Plain English To view this video, please access the PowerPoint from the shared drive at school.
17Computer Software in Plain English To view this video, please access the PowerPoint from the shared drive at school.
18Software Terms Software/program Application Software Word Processing Written instructions for the computer designed to solve specific problems or for specific uses (Example: Word processing, spreadsheets, graphic design, etc.)Application SoftwarePrograms written to complete specific tasks such as word processing, spreadsheets, or gamesWord ProcessingThe process of editing and formatting wordsMS WordA type of application software for word processing
19Operating System Terms Operating System softwareMaster controller for all activities that take place within a computerMS Windows/Mac OSTypes of system softwareThey run the basic operations of your computer.
20Important terms to know Return/EnterA manipulative key which advances the cursorLogin/LogoffThe means of entering and exiting a computer systemCursorThe position indicatorPromptA message from the computer that requires a response from the userDefaultSettings used unless another option is chosen
21Types of Spacing in a Document Single Space (SS)0 blank lines1 enter or typing on every available lineDouble Space (DS)1 blank line, 2 enters or typing on every other available lineTriple Space (TS)2 blank lines, 3 enters or leaving two blank lines between each line of writingQuadruple Space (QS)3 blank lines, 4 enters or leaving 3 blank lines between each line of writing
22Technique Feet placed for balance Body centered to the “H” Key with elbows at sidesSit with back straight and hips in the back of the chairCurve fingers over homerowWrists off the keyboard and tableEyes on the printed copyKey by touch with correct fingerSit a hand-span from the table edge
23Using Wordwrap Manual Return (also called a Hard Return) When the computer operator physically presses the return or enter keyAutomatic Return (also called a Soft Return or Wordwrap)When the computer makes the decision to start a new lineThe feature of a word processing software that allows the computer to return for you at the end of each line.