Presentation on theme: "NUCLEIC ACIDS : DNA and RNA Nucleic Acids Very Large, Complex, DNA & RNA Store Important Info in the Cell. (Genetic Information) ATP is an energy carrier."— Presentation transcript:
NUCLEIC ACIDS : DNA and RNA
Nucleic Acids Very Large, Complex, DNA & RNA Store Important Info in the Cell. (Genetic Information) ATP is an energy carrier
DNA DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID double stranded. carries genetic code contains info that is essential for almost all cell activities
RNA RIBONUCLEIC ACID single stranded stores and transfers info essential for the building of proteins.
NUCLEOTIDES. DNA & RNA are Polymers, made of thousands of linked Monomers called NUCLEOTIDES.
Each Nucleotide is made of THREE Main Components: Phosphate Group Five-Carbon Sugar & Ring shaped Nitrogen Base
5-Carbon Sugar In DNA, sugar is deoxyribose. In RNA, it’s ribose.
Nitrogen Bases Nucleic Acids use a System of FOUR Compounds to store Heredity Information. A Sequence of the four compounds arranged in a certain order acts as a Code for Genetic Instructions of the Cell. Adenine Guanine Cytosine Thymine
Phosphate Group Functional group composed of phosphate and 4 oxygen atoms.
ATP Adenosine Triphosphate Single nucleotide that has 3 phosphate groups Used as fuel for your cell’s activities Energy is released when one of the phosphate groups is broken off.