Think of it this way … “There is no challenge to try and somehow infuse (teaching) with high standards; if you’re (teaching) good stuff, high standards are already there” (23). – Katie Wood Ray, author of Study driven: A framework for planning units of study in the writing workshop – from Supporting Students in a Time of Core Standards published by NCTE
Resources for Starting Common Core State Standards – SD DOE website Disaggregated standards NCTE’s Supporting Students in a Time of Core Standards series (PreK-2, 3-5, 6-8, 9-12)
ELA Module 3 Strands Primary Focus: RI – Informational Text RL – Literature Others: RF – Reading Foundations SL – Speaking and Listening L – Language Embedded: W - Writing
6 Major Shifts 1.Increase in Informational Texts 2. Content Area Literacy 3.Increase Complexity of Texts 4.Text-based Questions 5.Writing to Inform or Argue Using Evidence 6. Academic Vocabulary
Reading Competencies (CCSS page 7) Demonstrate independence Build strong content knowledge Comprehend as well as critique Respond to the varying demands of audience, task, purpose and discipline Value evidence Come to understand other perspectives and cultures Use technology and digital media strategically and capably
The Standards’ Model of Text Complexity (Appendix A and Standard 10) The Text Complexity Pyramid Meaning and Purpose: Structure Conventionality Clarity Knowledge Demands Readability: Word Length Frequency Sentence Length Text Cohesion
Today’s Focus Goal as teachers: Keeping students as the focus while encouraging deeper understanding of texts
Found Poetry: How to include more informational text in your classroom without sacrificing the art in language arts.
What Is a Found Poem? A found poem is a poem constructed from powerful and meaningful words and phrases from another text. A found poem gives you the opportunity to share some of your favorite words from the piece, words that create vivid pictures or express significant ideas.
How Found Poetry Can Meet the Common Core Standards Way to integrate short informational texts into lessons. Way for students to synthesize their reading and extend thinking. Way to incorporate argumentative, informational/explanatory, or narrative writing.
Other Reasons to Use Found Poetry Writing traits Increase vocabulary and comprehension Cross cultural and universal themes Self expression and exploration Student interest: – “’The project made me look at science as not just a subject of textbooks and papers and notes and pictures. You can take some information and make an interesting piece on it while learning new information.’” » from “Using Poetry to Teach about Minerals in Earth Science Class” Journal of Geoscience Education
Characteristics of Free Verse Poetry No set line length No set rhythm No rhyming pattern Way of conveying ideas and feelings Carefully crafted word picture ( snapshot ) Use of five senses Use of figurative language Can use repetition for effect
Write a Found Poem Read article and highlight key words and phrases Write a found poem using key words and/or phrases 10 minutes
Mild weather, After a heavy fall of snow Deep snow lay Over the ground The sky was dark and heavy Beautiful big white flakes Were falling fast That morning of the fateful day The bell rang Heavy snow kept falling The storm Struck the North side of the house The whole building Shivered and quaked The room black as night A ray of light Put on their coats and go Pushing thru the blinding storm The roaring wind, And stifling snow Blinded us That awful night on the plains The blizzard of 1888 Has not been forgotten --Jocelyn Awful Cannot be forgotten Swept over the country Mild A heavy fall of snow Hanging icecicles Dark Deep white snow Snow kept falling Quake Deafening whack Terrific wind Storm Heavy drift Sheltered Darkness Parents thawed Frozen hands Pain Losing ourselves Howling storm Freezing Cold wind struck Stables were drifted Froze Roaring wind Stiffling snow Ice People froze --Ahlea
Standards for Reading 6-12 Key Ideas and Details RL.2 or RI.2 Craft and Structure RL.4 or RI.4 (words/phrases) RL.5 or RI.5 (structures)
Writing Standards 6-12 Text Types and Purposes W.2.b (develop topic) W.2.d (precise language) Research to Build and Present Knowledge W.9 (evidence to support analysis, reflection, and research.)
Participant Reflection: What are some ways you could use found poetry in your classroom? How could you assess a found poem?
Afternoon Agenda 12:30 – Demonstration #2 1:30 – Reflection 1:45 – Grade-level Collaboration 2:15 – Break 2:25 – Lesson Brainstorming 3:30 – Writing out of the Day 4:00 – Dismissal
What Is a Hero? How would you define a hero? What qualities should a hero have? Can a hero have flaws? Can a child be a hero? Can an animal be a hero? Can a hero be fictional?
Focus Question How does the concept of a hero shape our world?
Divide into groups of four Assign one text per group member Highlight text for qualities of a hero 10 minutes… Activity: The Investigation of the Hero
Handout (back of nomination form) Cite evidence for your hero next to body parts 5 minutes……… Groups Draw outline of body Cite evidence directly onto the “body” – use some from everyone 15 minutes…
Discuss three or four of the best “hero” characteristics 5 minutes Activity: The Investigation of the Hero
Group Writing Activity Using the evidence from your investigation, write a one-paragraph description of a hero In your description, work to answer the question “How does the concept of a hero shape our world?” Cite three pieces of evidence using your investigation as a source 10 minutes
Group Writing Share Nominate a spokesperson to share the paragraph to the large group
Individual Writing Demonstrate your persuasive writing skills by nominating your hero for a “Hero of the Year” award Use the nomination form provided Answer one of the questions on the nomination form Write in complete, thorough sentences Submit when finished 10 minutes… HERO
Assessment Students would complete the nomination & submit it to the teacher Nomination form would be graded on a rubric focusing on persuasive writing skills 6 +1 Writing Trait Rubric (see handouts)
Extension Activities Facebook Profile Acceptance Speech Literary Analysis Performance Same process, but use “villains” instead
Resources Refer to the Additional Information for “Investigation of a Hero” Activity handout
Grades 6-12 Common Core Standards Key Ideas and Details RL.1 & RI. 1
Grades 6-12 Common Core Standards Text Types and Purposes W.1 (arguments to support claims with evidence) Research to Build and Present Knowledge W.9 (draw evidence to support analysis, reflection, and research)
Rationale Using both informational and literary texts to define a hero is beneficial Collaborating encourages critical thought and analysis Writing throughout the lesson promotes creativity and synthesis Drawing evidence from texts supports valid reasoning and relevant claims
Reflection Questions How do you see yourself using this activity in your own classroom? How could you adapt this for your students? What literary texts could you use? What informational texts could you use? What would you change about this activity?
Poetry Pairings New York Times – Learning Network Terrible weather Raging blizzards, we don’t care We have each other The sounds of nature No matter how grim; it’s good Adventure is fun Run up to a storm Preparing for the harsh winds Nervousness sets it The storm is coming Rummaging for lights and tools Get to cover quick
Grade Level Collaboration Consider how your current curriculum engages students in “deep thinking about texts.” – Share specific literary and/or informational texts (including multimedia) that you successfully use with your students. – Share strategies you use or might use to push students to “dig” into these texts.
Writing out of the Day The most beneficial part of today’s session was … What questions do you still have about implementing the Common Core? Write down a goal for your classroom with respect to balancing literary and informational texts. What steps will you take to achieve this goal?