Figurative Language Writing that is not meant to be taken literally Used to state ideas in vivid and imaginative ways
a direct comparison between two unlike things using like or as Simile
Similes The girl is as pale as a ghost. The boy swims like a fish.
a direct comparison between two unlike things without using like or as. Something is said to be something else. Metaphor
Metaphors The boy was a monkey hanging in the tree. She is a bear in the morning before she has her coffee.
giving human traits to nonhuman things Personification
Personification The tree danced in the wind. The alarm clock screamed for him to wake up.
Vivid writing that appeals to one of the five senses to create a picture in your mind. Sight Hearing Touch Taste Smell Imagery
Imagery The dandelion yellow balloon drifted into the ocean blue sky. (Sight) The cat’s tongue was like sandpaper rubbing against my skin when it licked the milk off my finger. (Touch) The air was filled with sweet apples and spicy cinnamon when they baked the pies. (Smell). Bangs, pops, and crackles exploded through the town on the 4 th of July (Hearing) She gulped down the cool lemonade that was sugary sweet and tangy tart at the same time. (Taste)