Presentation on theme: "KI 2: Where are contemporary services located?"— Presentation transcript:
1KI 2: Where are contemporary services located? CH. 12—ServicesKI 2: Where are contemporary services located?
2Services in rural settlements Clustered rural settlement—place where a number of families live in close proximity to each other (houses grouped together surrounded by farm fields)Dispersed rural settlements—farmers live on individual farms isolated from neighbors (farms fields separate homes)Rural settlements are centers for agriculture, but provide small number of services
3Clustered Rural Settlements Usually includes homes, farm structures (barns, tool sheds), and service structures (religious buildings, schools, shops)Can be circular or linear settlementsCircularOpen space surrounded by structures and then fields and farmland (similar to Von Thunen Model)LinearBuildings clustered along a road or river with fields extending behind the buildingsFirst settlers in America built clustered settlements in circular fashion (centered around homes and Church)
5Dispersed Rural settlements Very common in Colonial United States outside of New England areaBecame popular in Midwest and Mid-Atlantic—land was cheaperWorks more efficiently than clustered rural settlements… can feed more peopleBecame more prominent after the Enclosure MovementGreat Britain,Consolidated individually owned strips of land into one single farmWorked well as people moved from rural to urban areasIn 1800, only 3% of people lived in urban cities… Today, about 50% do
7Urban SettlementsLouis Wirth defined cities as having 3 characteristics: large size, high population density, socially heterogeneous peopleCreate different social relationships than those formed in rural settlementsIn many LDCs Wirth’s definition still applies—large contrast between rural and urban areasIn MDCs however, his definition has been blurred as rural and urban lifestyles are more closely aligned
8Urban SettlementsUrbanization—process by which population of urban settlements growsIncrease in number of people living in citiesIncrease in percentage of people living in citiesLarge percentage of people in cities reflects levels of development (3/4ths in MDCs, 2/5ths in LDCs)—Latin America is exceptionMDCs have higher percentage, but LDCs have the largest urban settlements (8 out of 10 largest cities in LDCs)In of top 10 in Asia, in 1900 all of top 10 were in Europe and North America—in 20th and 21st century, rural to urban migration in LDCs has become biggest migration pattern in world